Fri. Aug 12th, 2022
    List of Diseases

    List of Diseases

    This list of diseases groups together the main families of diseases. Disease is an alteration in the functions or health of a living organism.

    We speak as well of disease, referring to all the alterations in health, as of a disease, which then designates a particular entity characterized by causes, symptoms, development and specific therapeutic possibilities.

    A patient is a person suffering from a disease, whether it is determined or not. When it is the subject of medical care, we speak of a patient.

    Health and disease are linked to biological processes and to interactions with the social and environmental environment. Generally, disease is defined as an entity opposed to health, the negative effect of which is due to an alteration or disharmonization of a system at any level (molecular, bodily, mental, emotional, etc.) of the state. physiological or morphological considered as normal, balanced or harmonious. We can speak of faulty homeostasis.

    This list of diseases groups together the main families of diseases

    • List of dermatological diseases
    • List of cardiovascular diseases
    • List of respiratory diseases
    • Cancer list
    • List of eye diseases and disorders
    • List of genetic or hereditary diseases (identified gene, unidentified gene)
    • List of infectious diseases
    • Mental illness (mood disorders, personality disorders)
    • List of rare diseases

    List of dermatological diseases

    Signs can include itching, pain, and hyperhidrosis. Physical signs include: vitropression effect, Nikolsky’s sign, Wood’s lamp fluorescence, and Blaschko lines.
    Dermatological investigations include skin biopsy.

    Dermatological lesions
    Atrophies
    Bubbles
    Dyschromia
    Erythema (and exanthema)
    Keratosis
    Macules
    Nodules
    Papules
    Purpuras
    Pustules
    Dander
    Sclerosis
    Tumors
    Ulcerations
    Vegetations or condylomas
    Vesicles

    Dermatological pathologies
    Acanthosis nigricans
    Achromia
    Acne
    Alopecia
    Amyloidosis
    Angiodermatitis
    Stellate angioma
    Staphylococcal anthrax
    Aphthosis
    Atrophy
    Balanitis
    Behçet (disease of)
    Bowen’s disease
    Basal cell carcinoma
    Squamous cell carcinoma
    Candidiasis
    Soft chancroid
    Rosacea
    Darier’s disease
    Degos (disease)
    Chronic actinic dermatitis
    Dermatitis herpetiformis
    Atopic dermatitis
    Dermatophytosis
    Perioral dermatitis
    Seborrheic dermatitis
    Dermographism
    Dyshidrosis
    Eczema
    Epidermolysis bullosa
    Erysipelas
    Erythema ab igne
    Erythema nodosum
    Fixed pigmented erythema
    Erythema multiforme
    Erythroderma
    Erythrasma
    Pressure sore
    Fiessinger-Leroy-Reiter (syndrome)
    Folliculitis
    Boil
    Scabies
    Gangrene
    Granuloma annulare
    Herpes
    Ichthyosis
    Impetigo
    Intertrigo
    Actinic keratosis
    Keratosis pilaris
    Leishmaniasis
    Meadow
    Leukokeratosis
    Lichen planus
    Scleroatrophic lichen
    Livedo
    Lupus erythematosus
    Lyell syndrome
    Plantar perforator
    Occupational disease
    Mastocytosis
    Melanoma
    Miliary
    Mucinosis
    Molluscum contagiosum
    Myases
    Lipoid necrobiosis
    Angioedema
    Panniculitis
    Papillonite
    Achromiant parakeratosis
    Guttate parapsoriasis
    Body pediculosis
    Scalp pediculosis
    Alopecia areata
    Bullous pemphigoid
    Pemphigus
    Perionyxis
    Perleche
    Photodermatosis
    Gibert’s rosé pityriasis
    Tinea versicolor
    Poikiloderma
    Porphyrias
    Prurigo
    Psoriasis
    Purpura
    rosacea
    Sarcoidosis
    Scarlet fever
    Sycosis
    Mouth-hand-foot syndrome
    Stevens-Johnson syndrome
    Syphilis
    Ringworm
    Bullous drug eruption
    Trombidiosis
    Tuberculosis
    Tungose
    Urticaria
    Varicella
    Necrotizing vasculitis
    Wart
    Vitiligo
    Vulvovaginitis
    Xanthoma
    Xeroderma pigmentosum
    Shingles


    List of cardiovascular diseases (heart diseases)

    Heart disorders

    • Cardiac arrhythmias – conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow. Many types of arrhythmia have no symptoms. When symptoms are present these may include palpitations or feeling a pause between heartbeats. More seriously there may be lightheadednesspassing outshortness of breath, or chest pain. While most types of arrhythmia are not serious, some predispose a person to complications such as stroke or heart failure. Others may result in cardiac arrest.
      • Atrial fibrillation (afib or AF) – Fibrillation of the atria is fairly common and more common with increased age and overall disease of the heart. If the ventricular rate exceeds 100 then the afib is further classified as “afib with RVR” meaning rapid ventricular response.
      • Atrial flutter (AFL) – A re-entrant tachycardia greater than 240 beats per minute and produces a characteristic saw-tooth pattern on ECG. It often degenerates to atrial fibrillation.
      • Heart block – A decrease in the ability of the conduction system to transmit action pulses in the orderly manner. Blockage of the signal at different areas results in different types of heart block (e.g., first-degree AV blockleft bundle branch block).
      • Long QT syndrome – Lengthening of the QT interval can result in arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Specifically, it can lead to torsades de pointes than can then lead to ventricular fibrillation. It can be an inherited disorder or be acquired. Certain medications are associated with lengthening of the QT interval — drug-induced QT prolongation — and an EKG may be warranted before starting the medication to ensure a normal QT interval, but this practice is debated.
      • Premature atrial contractions (PACs or APCs) – Normal beats originate in the SA node and extra beats originating from the atria are called PACs. They can be found in normal hearts and be asymptomatic; symptomatic PACs can be treated with beta blockers. PACs, like PVCs, can pair up with normal beats in a pattern called bigeminy.
      • Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) – Normal beats are conducted through the AV node to the ventricles resulting in a narrow QRS complex. With PVCs, the extra beat originates within the ventricles and results in a wide QRS complex. Like PACs, they can be found in healthy hearts but are more likely to be found in bigeminy than PACs.
      • Sick sinus syndrome, Bradycardia-tachycardia syndrome (BTS) – Disease of the SA node that results in irregular changes in heart rate and in the case of BTS the arrhythmia alternates between bradycardia and tachycardia.
      • Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) – A collection of tachycardia rhythms that originate before the ventricles and include the SA node, atria, and AV node. It is a broad, encomparsing term that includes other rhythms in this list (e.g., afib with RVR) and others.
      • Torsades de pointes – A polymorphic arrhythmia that can be syptomatic and tends to resolve to a normal sinus rhythm. However, there is a concern
      • Ventricular fibrillation (vfib) – Fibrillation of the ventricles is a life-threatening arrhythmia and should be treated by defibrillation and is a medical emergency. Vfib results from uncoordinated contraction of the ventricles and defibrillation acts as a ‘reset’ to synchronize contraction (i.e., a normal rhythm).
      • Ventricular tachycardia (vtach) – Tachycardia that originates from within the ventricles. Typically, “vtach” implies monomorphology but it can be an umbrella term for both monomorphic and polymorphic (i.e., torsade de pointes). To classify a ventricular rhythm as vtach, at least 3 beats in a row must originate from the ventricles and have a rate over 100. If it lasts longer than 30 seconds, it can additionally be labelled as a sustained vtach.
    • Coronary circulation disorders
      • Atherosclerosis – Atherosclerosis is the condition in which an artery wall thickens as the result of a build-up of fatty materials (e.g., cholesterol) and white blood cells (“foam cells”). Atherosclerosis of a coronary artery leads to coronary artery disease (CAD). Atherosclerosis is a broad term referring to loss of elasticity of arteries and more specific terms exist — arteriosclerosis and arteriolosclerosis — to narrow which arteries are diseased and can easily be confused due to similar spelling. Overall, atherosclerosis tends to affect the arteries of highest pressure: aorta, coronary, renal, femoral, cerebral, and carotid.
      • Coronary artery disease (CAD)– Coronary artery disease is a general term for any reduction in coronary circulation. One such cause is atherosclerosis. CAD can lead to ischemia (angina pectoris) or infarction (myocardial infarction). Treatment of CAD includes angioplastystenting, and coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG).
        • Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) – ACS is a medical emergency and is a broad term encompassing many acute myocardial infarction symptoms. As a syndrome, it consists of a constellation of symptoms and can have many causes. The top three causes of ACS are ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, 30%), non ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI, 25%), or unstable angina (38%). The first two are myocardial infarctions which are more commonly known as “heart attacks.”
        • Angina pectoris – Angina pectoris literally means “chest pain” that refers to pain caused by ischemia of the heart. The main cause of angina is coronary artery disease, but can result from other non-atherosclerotic causes such as anemia and heart failure. Stable angina results if the angina resolves with rest or nitroglycerin, but can progress to unstable angina which is a form of acute coronary syndrome.
        • Myocardial infarction (a.k.a. heart attack) – A myocardial infarction is the death of a part of the heart which is typically caused by a blockage of the coronary circulation but can be caused by other insufficiency such as cardiogenic shock.
      • Restenosis – Recurrence of stenosis after being treated (e.g., stenting).
    • Cardiac arrest – cessation of normal systemic circulation due to failure in proper contraction of the heart. There are several conditions that can cause cardiac arrest. Treatment of cardiac arrest includes cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), defibrillation, and advanced cardiac life support (ACLS), and treatment of the underlying cause of arrest.
      • Asystole (“flatline”) – Asystole refers to the absence of electrical activity of the heart and is sometimes referred to as a “flatline” because the electrocardiogram shows a solid line due to the absence of electrical activity. This flatline is commonly used in television and movies to signal death. There are numerous causes of asystole that may be reversible if determined quickly enough, however, survival is very unlikely (~2% if not in a hospital). In contrast, asystole is desired and induced during cardiopulmonary bypass through a cardioplegia solution containing very high amounts of potassium. One additional example is the use of high potassium in lethal injection that results in asystole, cardiac arrest, and then death.
      • Pulseless electrical activity (PEA) – Pulseless electrical activity is when the electrocardiogram shows a rhythm that should produce a pulse but it does not. PEA is commonly caused by the 6 H’s and 6 T’s (see PEA article) and results in decreased cardiac output and insufficient oxygen delivery to the body.
      • Pulseless ventricular tachycardia – Pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VT) Is one classification of VT such that no pulse is felt because of an ineffective cardiac output which causes cardiac arrest, which also results in insufficient oxygen delivery to the body.
      • Sudden cardiac death (SCD) – concept of natural death rather than a specific medical condition. There are several causes of sudden cardiac death and it is distinct from cardiac arrest. The leading cause of SCD in young athletes is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy but can also result from commotio cordis that is often sustained during athletic activity.
      • Ventricular fibrillation – Ventricular fibrillation is fibrillation of the ventricles of the heart. Rhythmic contraction is necessary for efficient movement of blood, and fibrillation disrupts this rhythm sufficiently to cause cardiac arrest.
    • Disorders of the pericardium
      • Pericarditis – Inflammation of the pericardium that is typically idiopathic or infectious in nature (the membrane covering the heart). This inflammation is accompanied by swelling at the level of this membrane, in particular due to an excess of fluid circulating between the pericardium and the heart. The main symptoms of pericarditis are pain in the chest. These pains can occur suddenly, sharply and severely. The pain is usually worse at night when lying down and less when sitting. Treatment of viral & idiopathic pericarditis is NSAIDs or aspirin.
      • Pericardial effusion – The serous pericardium normally contains fluid that reduces friction, but an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardium is called a pericardial effusion. The list of causes is lengthy but includes pericarditis, rheumatic diseases (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus), trauma, and blood from myocardial rupture. If an effusion worsens then the fluid can inhibit heart function and symptoms of cardiac tamponade appear. Treatment includes pericardiocentesis to drain the fluid, if necessary, and treatment of the underlying cause.
      • Pericardial tamponade – Tamponade is a medical emergency resulting from accumulation of fluid in the pericardium that inhibits heart function. Tamponade is a consequence of the fibrous pericardium being too inelastic to permit adequate heart expansion during diastole. The classic finding is pulsus paradoxus as well as Beck’s triad (low arterial blood pressure, distended neck veins, & soft heart sounds). Treatment is supportive until in a hospital where pericardiocentesis or a pericardial window can be performed to drain the fluid.
    • Diseases of blood vessels – diseases of the blood vessels can be multidisciplinary in nature. For example, medical treatment of atherosclerosis tends to be managed by cardiologists while vascular surgery repairs aneurysms and stenotic arteries.
      • Atherosclerosis – Thickening of an arterial wall due to increased cholesterol and macrophages (see above).
      • Aneurysm – Balloon-like bulging of arteries (also possible of the heart: see ventricular aneurysm above).
      • Aortic dissection – Dissection along the length of the aorta between the layers of the aortic wall. Dissection of the ascending aorta (type A) is a surgical emergency while dissection of the descending aorta (type B) can possibly be managed medically. Dissection of the ascending aorta is an emergency because dissection may interrupt coronary blood flow and blood flow to the brain, neither of which tolerate ischemia particularly well.
      • Aortic rupture – Frank rupture of the aorta is often fatal from internal bleeding. Rupture of the aorta can occur at the sites of aneurysm, but is also due to trauma and results in a traumatic aortic rupture.
      • Carotid artery – Diseases of the carotid arteries:
      • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) – Formation of a thrombus in a deep vein, commonly in the legs that may break loose, travel to the lungs, and occlude blood flow (pulmonary embolism) sufficient to interrupt oxygenation to the body.
      • Traveller’s thrombosis / economy class syndrome: A DVT due to being sedentary during air travel.
      • Microangiopathy – Disease of capillaries in which the walls become thick and weak, and result in bleeding and decreased blood flow. One very common cause is diabetes mellitus in which microangiopathy results in diabetic nephropathydiabetic retinopathy, and diabetic neuropathy.
      • Varicose veins – Veins that have become enlarged and tortuous with failed valves, commonly in the legs. Vericose veins have cosmetic concerns, but they may become painful. Surgery and sclerotherapy are two options for treating varicose veins.
      • Vasculitis – Inflammation of blood vessels (veins & arteries) with a long list of causes.
        • Aortitis – Inflammation of the aorta that can be seen in giant cell arteritispolymyalgia rheumaticarheumatoid arthritissyphilis and Takayasu’s arteritis.
        • Behçet’s disease – Affects small-sized vessels that often initially presents with oral aphthous ulcers, genital ulcers and uveitis, and can be fatal from ruptured aneurysms. Pericarditis is commonly seen with Behçet’s.
        • Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA; formerly known as Churg-Strauss syndrome) – Affects small- & medium-sized vessels that often affects lungs, kidneys, & heart in those with a history of airway allergic hypersensitivity and p-ANCA antibodies.
        • Giant-cell arteritis (GCA) / Temporal arteritis – Affects medium- & large-sized vessels of the head, typically branches of the external carotid artery and namely the temporal artery. Occlusion of the ophthalmic artery results in blindness. Suspicion of GCA necessitates immediate treatment with glucocorticoids and temporal artery biopsy.
        • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) – Affects small- & medium-sized vessels that often affects the lung & kidneys (RPGN) with classic saddle nose and c-ANCA antibodies.
        • IgA vasculitis (IgAV; formerly known as Henoch-Schönlein purpura) – Affects small-sized vessels and produces palpable purpura and proteinuria from immunocomplex (IgA) deposition.
        • Kawasaki disease – Affects medium-sized vessels mostly seen in young children with myocarditis, & pericarditis, and is the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children (results in coronary artery aneurysms). Myocardial infarction from coronary thrombosis is the most common cause of death from Kawasaki disease.
        • Thromboangiitis obliterans – Affects small- & medium-sized vessels that is strongly associated with tobacco products. Pain, diminished pulses, gangrene and eventual amputation of affected hands and feet.

    List of respiratory diseases

    Acute upper respiratory infections
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    acute rhinitis , infectious rhinitis , acute rhinopharyngitis , infectious rhinopharyngitis, rhinitisAcute rhinopharyngitis [colds]
    Acute maxillary sinusitis (acute sinusitis ), acute frontal sinusitis acute sinusitis ethmoid , acute sphenoid sinusitis , acute pansinusitisAcute sinusitis
    Acute sore throat , streptococcal pharyngitis , acute pharyngitis nnb, acute pharyngitisAcute pharyngitis
    Acute tonsillitis , streptococcal tonsillitis , angina follicularisAcute tonsillitis
    Acute laryngitis , acute tracheitis , acute laryngotracheitisAcute laryngitis and tracheitis
    Acute obstructive laryngitis [ croup ], acute epiglottitisAcute obstructive laryngitis [croup] and epiglottitis
    Acute laryngopharyngitis , flu-like infectionAcute infections in multiple or unspecified locations of the upper respiratory tract
    Influenza and Pneumonia (Lung infection)
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Bird fluInfluenza due to avian influenza viruses that have been proven
    fluInfluenza from other known influenza viruses
    Flu, viruses not detected
    Viral pneumoniaViral Pneumonia, not elsewhere classified
    Streptococcus pneumoniaePneumonia due to Streptococcus pneumoniae
    Haemophilus influenzaeHaemophilus influenzae pneumonia
    Bacterial pneumoniaBacterial pneumonia, not elsewhere classified
    Pneumonia due to other infectious agentsPneumonia due to other infectious agents, not elsewhere classified
     Pneumonia in Diseases Classified ElsewherePneumonia in Diseases Classified Elsewhere
    Pneumonia, pathogenPneumonia, pathogen unspecified
    Other acute lower respiratory infections
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Acute bronchitis , acute tracheobronchitisAcute bronchitis
    Acute bronchiolitisAcute bronchiolitis
    Acute lower respiratory infection, unspecified
    Other diseases of the upper respiratory tract
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Rhinopathia vasomotoricaallergic rhinitis (hay feverpollen allergypollinosis )Vasomotor and allergic rhinopathy
    Chronic rhinitisOzaena, chronic nasopharyngitis, chronic pharyngitis, chronic pharyngitisChronic rhinitis, rhinopharyngitis, and pharyngitis
    Chronic maxillary sinusitis, chronic maxillary sinusitis,
    chronic 
    frontal sinusitis, chronic ethmoidal sinusitis, chronic sphenoidal sinusitis, chronic pansinusitis
    Chronic sinusitis
    Polyp of the nasal cavity, choanal polyp, nasopharyngeal polyp,
    polyposis nasalis deformans (Woakes syndromeethmoiditis)
    Nasal polyp
    Abscessboils and carbuncles of the nose; Cyst or mucocele of the nose and sinus;
    Nasal septal deviationTurbinate hypertrophyperforation of the nasal septumrhinolite
    Other diseases of the nose and sinuses
    Chronic tonsillitishyperplasia of the tonsilshyperplasia of the pharynx
     (adenoid vegetation), almond stonetonsil ulcer
    Chronic diseases of the tonsils and tonsils
    Peritonsillar abscessperitonsillar phlegmontonsillar abscessretrotonsillar abscessPeritonsillar abscess
    Chronic laryngitis, chronic laryngotracheitisChronic laryngitis and laryngotracheitis
    Glottislähmunglaryngeal paralysisvocal cord paralysispolyp,
    Kehlkopfpolypvocal cord nodules (nodular chorditis,
    fibrinous chorditistuberous chorditisteacher nodulesSinger nodules),
    Stimmlippengranulomlaryngeal edemaReinke’s edemalaryngeal spasm,
    Laryngismuscrouplaryngeal stenosis
    Diseases of the vocal folds and larynx, not elsewhere classified
    RetropharyngealParapharyngealabszess,
    NasopharynxabszessRachenphlegmonetornwaldt cyst
    Other diseases of the upper respiratory tract
    Chronic lower respiratory diseases
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Bronchitis , tracheobronchitisBronchitis, not designated as acute or chronic
    Chronic bronchitisSimple and slimy-purulent chronic bronchitis
    Bronchitis , tracheitis , tracheobronchitisUnspecified chronic bronchitis
    Pulmonary emphysema , McLeod syndrome ( unilateral emphysema , unilateral light lung ), panlobular emphysema ( panacinous emphysema ), centrilobular emphysemaEmphysema
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseOther chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Bronchial asthma , allergic bronchial asthma , allergic bronchitis , atopic asthma , exogenous allergic bronchial asthma ( extrinsic asthma ), nonallergic bronchial asthma , endogenous nonallergic bronchial asthma ( intrinsic asthma ), analgesic asthma , asthmatic bronchitis , late-onset asthmabronchial asthma
    Status asthmaticus ( acute severe bronchial asthma )Status asthmaticus
    Bronchiectasis , bronchiolectasisBronchiectasis
    Lung diseases caused by exogenous substances
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Coal miners pneumoconiosis , anthracosis , anthracosilicosis , coal dust lungCoal Miners Pneumoconiosis
    AsbestosisPneumoconiosis due to asbestos and other inorganic fibers
    silicosisPneumoconiosis due to fumed silica
    Aluminosis , bauxite fibrosis , berylliosis , graphite fibrosis , siderosis , stannosisPneumoconiosis due to other inorganic dusts
    Unspecified pneumoconiosis
    Pneumoconiosis associated with tuberculosisPneumoconiosis associated with tuberculosis
    Byssinosis , flat-worker’s disease , CannabioseRespiratory disease caused by specific organic dust
    Allergic alveolitis , farmer’s lung (Drescher-lungharvester-lungMoldy hay disease), Bagassose (bagasse diseasebagasse pneumonitis ), bird breeders lung (pigeon fancier’s disease , pigeon fancier lungbudgerigar breeder’s disease , budgie breeders lung ), Suberosis (Cork worker diseasecork worker lung , cork peeler disease , cork peeler lung ),Malt worker lung , mushroom worker lung , maple bark peeler lung , humidifier lung (air conditioning lung), fish meal worker lung , cheese washer lungcoffee worker lungfurrier lungsequoiosis , exogenous allergic alveolitis ( hypersensitive pneumonitis )Allergic alveolitis due to organic dust
    Respiratory diseases caused by inhalation of chemical substances, gases, smoke and vapors
    Aspiration pneumonia , lipid pneumoniaPneumonia due to solid and liquid substances
    Radiation pneumonitis , pulmonary fibrosis after exposure to radiationRespiratory diseases caused by other exogenous substances
    Other diseases of the respiratory organs, mainly affecting the interstitium
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Adult respiratory distress syndrome ( Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome , ARDS, Hyaline Membrane Disease )Respiratory distress syndrome in adults [ARDS]
    Acute pulmonary edema , pulmonary congestionPulmonary edema
    Eosinophilic lung infiltrate ( Löffler syndrome (I), tropical eosinophilia , pulmonary eosinophilia )Eosinophilic pulmonary infiltrate, not elsewhere classified
    Alveolar proteinosis , microlithiasis alveolaris pulmonum , acute interstitial pneumonia ( diffuse pulmonary fibrosis , fibrosing alveolitis , Hamman-Rich syndrome , idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis ), interstitial pneumoniaOther interstitial lung diseases
    Purulent and Necrotizing Lower Respiratory Diseases
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Pulmonary gangrene , pulmonary necrosis , lung abscess , mediastinal abscessAbscess of the lungs and mediastinum
    Pyothorax , pleural abscess , thoracic abscess , empyema , pyopneumothoraxPyothorax
    Other diseases of the pleura
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Pleural effusionPleural effusion, not elsewhere classified
    Pleural effusion in diseases classified elsewhere
    Pleural plaques ( pleural thickening )Pleural plaques
    Pneumothorax , spontaneous pneumothorax , tension pneumothoraxPneumothorax
    Chylothorax , fibrothorax , hemothorax , hemopneumothorax , hydrothoraxOther conditions of the pleura
    Other diseases of the respiratory system
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Mendelson’s syndromeRespiratory diseases following medical intervention, not elsewhere classified
    Respiratory failureRespiratory failure, not elsewhere classified
    Broncholithiasis , stenosis of the bronchus , Tracheobronchial dyskinesia , tracheobronchial collapse syndrome , ulcer of the bronchus , lung collapse , atelectasis , interstitial emphysema , mediastinal , Pneumolithiasis , Cystic lung disease (acquired), mediastinal , mediastinitis , displacement of the mediastinum , Relaxatio diaphragmatica , diaphragmatic paralysis , diaphragm inflammationOther respiratory diseases

    Cancer list

    Types of Cancer | List all of Cancers | Adult, Children, Head and neck, Digestive and Types of Blood Cancer


    List of eye diseases and disorders

    Blepharospasm
    Disorders of eyelid, tear apparatus and orbit
    Conjunctival disorders
    Disorders of sclera, cornea , iris and ciliary body
    Disorders of lens
    Choroid and retinal disorders
    Glaucoma
    Disorders of vitreous body and eyeball
    Disorders of optic nerve and optic pathways
    Disorders of eye muscles and disorders in binocular eye movement, accommodation and refraction
    Visual disturbances and blindness
    Other disorders of the eye and adnexes


    List of genetic diseases (identified gene, unidentified gene)

    Inherited diseases follow different inheritance patterns and are associated with different inheritance, recurrence and disease probabilities. A distinction is made between autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant inheritance from gonosomal and mitochondrial inheritance.

    Autosomal recessive modes of inheritance

    The peculiarity only appears if there is a change ( mutation ) in both copies of a certain gene on both chromosomes , i.e. That is, if the person in question has inherited one change from his biological father and one from his biological mother. The parents do not have to be affected, so the phenotype does not occur in every generation. The mutation does not have to be identical. If two mutations that can be distinguished by molecular genetics lead to the same loss of function in a gene, one speaks of compound heterozygosity . Examples of autosomal recessive inheritance are cystic fibrosis and albinismand phenylketonuria (PKU) (a defect in phenylalanine hydroxylase).

    Autosomal recessive inherited diseases are mostly loss-of-function mutations . The causes of apparent deviations in autosomal recessive inheritance are pseudo-dominance , heterogeneity , isodisomy and the fact that heterozygotes with sick children are not included in the calculation. Typical examples are:

    Autosomal dominant patterns of inheritance

    Here an altered allele (alleles are the mutually and at the same time oppositely corresponding genes of a diploid chromosome set) on one of the two homologous chromosomes leads to the characteristic expression. The genetic information is available on one of the 44 autosomes and is inherited regardless of gender . So women and men are equally affected. The phenotype occurs in every generation. Examples are:

    Gonosomal modes of inheritance

    Hereditary gonosomal diseases, i.e. those in which the change affects the sex chromosomes X or Y, are in most cases on the X chromosome , since the Y chromosome contains fewer genes. The X chromosome has 155 megabases, the Y chromosome 59 megabases. Using the example of X-linked inheritance , the following peculiarities become clear:

    X-linked recessive

    Girls / women are only affected if both X chromosomes are damaged, otherwise they are only carriers ( conductors), d. In other words, they can pass on the changed X chromosome to their children, but do not develop a corresponding phenotype themselves. Girls / women can often compensate for the change on one X chromosome with their second X chromosome if it is not changed. Boys / men are affected if they inherit one of the changed X chromosomes from the phenotypically healthy mother, or one of the two changed X chromosomes from a phenotypically diseased mother, since boys / men definitely have one X chromosome from the Get a mother and have only this one. Boys / men are phenotypically affected more often, since girls / women compensate for the defect with the other X chromosome. Examples are glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G-6-PD deficiency),Hemophilia A and B (hemophilia), Lesch-Nyhan syndrome , Fabry disease , mucopolysaccharidosis type II, muscular dystrophy (Duchenne type, Becker-Kiener type), Norrie syndrome , retinitis pigmentosa , red-green blindness , septic granulomatosis , X- SCID (severe combined immune deficiency) and ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency ( urea cycle defect )

    X-linked dominant

    Boys / men are 50% affected if their mother is a carrier of a disease-causing allele on an X chromosome . If, on the other hand, both of their X chromosomes contain the disease-causing allele, all children are affected. Overall, girls / women are more frequently affected, as the probability of receiving an altered X chromosome is higher with two X chromosomes (one from the father, one from the mother) than with boys / men (one from the mother). Examples are familial phosphatemic rickets (also called idiopathic Debré-de-Toni-Fanconi syndrome or vitamin D-resistant rickets ), Rett syndrome and orofacio-digital syndrome type 1 .

    Mitochondrial or extrachromosomal inheritance

    About 0.1 percent of the DNA in a human cell is not in the nucleus, but in the mitochondria . Since egg cells, unlike sperm, have several hundred thousand mitochondria, mutations in the mitochondrial DNA are only inherited on the maternal side. The same applies to the chloroplasts of photosynthetically active organisms.

    See also extrachromosomal inheritance

    Diagnosis and treatment

    If a hereditary disease is suspected, a human genetic test can provide clarity. The chromosomes are checked for numerical and structural changes. If there is an urgent suspicion of a certain genetic defect, a more extensive, complex investigation of individual gene constellations is also possible. The results can then be helpful in assessing the risk of inheritance.

    If the genetic make-up is peculiar to itself, it is usually not possible to act on the causes with today’s medical options. Therefore advice is usually given regarding lifestyle, education about risk factors and symptomatic measures. These are then individual decisions, especially since it is not always an illness, but often a disposition .

    For a few diseases, such as B. spinal muscular atrophy, there are first attempts at therapy.

    History

    The term genetic disease , which has only been used since the 20th century to mean genetic disease , was also often misused in the first half of the 20th century , including for alleged “diseases” such as “criminal tendencies” or “antisociality”. This thinking influenced sterilization programs and the euthanasia idea and found its extreme expression in German National Socialism, but was also present in many other countries such as the USA, England and France at the time. Today, only those diseases are called hereditary diseases that can be defined as clearly as possible and are very likely to be due to genetic defects.


    Benign hereditary diseases

    illnessInheritanceChromosome / genedescription
    AlbinismAutosomal recessiveChromosome 11 , locus q14-21, chromosome 15 , locus q11-13, chromosome 9 , locus p23, chromosome 5 , locus p13.3Lack of synthesis of melanin leads to light or white hair, eyes and skin color
    Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiencyAutosomal recessiveChromosome 14 , locus q32.1An increased risk of liver cirrhosis or pulmonary emphysema due to a congenital lower concentration of this enzyme
    Chorea huntingtonAutosomal dominantChromosome 4 , locus p16.3Fatal motor and psychological disorder due to the increased incorporation of glutamine in the protein huntingtin
    GalactosemiaAutosomal recessiveChromosome 9If left untreated, intracellular storage of galactose is often fatal due to the lack of the enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase
    Hemophilia A.X-linkedX chromosomeIncreased bleeding tendency due to a lack of coagulation factor VIII
    Hemophilia B.X-linkedX chromosomeIncreased bleeding tendency due to a lack of coagulation factor IX
    cretinismAutosomal recessive or dominantMultiple genes, e.g. B. Chromosome 2 , locus q14.1 and chromosome 14 , locus q31.1Short stature, deformity of the limbs, speech disorders and intellectual disorders caused by a congenital deficiency of thyroid hormone ( thyroxine )
    Cleft lip and palatePolygenetic(multiple genes)Congenital splitting of the lips, upper jaw, roof of the mouth, or a combination of these
    Metachromatic LeukodystrophyPolygenetically autosomal recessive(multiple genes)Unsteady gait, speech disorders due to lack of aryl sulfate
    Mucopolysaccharidosis type 1Polygenetically autosomal(multiple genes)Different symptoms, which only appear in childhood, due to the storage of glycosaminoglycans in cells.
    Cystic fibrosisAutosomal recessiveChromosome 7 , locus q31.2Dysfunction of the lungs and pancreas due to the formation of thick mucus, leading in the end stage to lung failure or pancreatic insufficiency
    NeurofibromatosisAutosomal dominant (spontaneous mutation in 50% of cases)Chromosome 17 , locus q11.2Development of benign tumors on the skin, in the eyes and bones, and in the central nervous system
    PhenylketonuriaAutosomal recessiveChromosome 12 , locus q22 to q24Impaired brain development and skull growth due to a lack of the enzyme phenyl alanine hydroxylase
    Sickle cell anemiaAutosomal codominantChromosome 11Deformities of the red blood cells lead to painful crises; symptomatic only in the homozygous form
    Spinal muscular atrophyAutosomal recessiveChromosome 5 , locus q13Muscle wasting due to the loss of motor nerve cells in the spinal cord
    Tay-Sachs syndromeAutosomal recessiveChromosome 15 , locus q23-24Severe mental retardation with blindness from birth; the fewest children affected are older than three years
    Cystic kidneysAutosomal recessiveChromosome 16Development of multiple cysts in the kidneys from adulthood, leading to renal failure in the end-stage

    List of infectious diseases

    DiseaseCausative Agent (Bacteria, Virus, or other organism/agent)
    Acinetobacter infectionsAcinetobacter baumannii
    ActinomycosisActinomyces israeliiActinomyces gerencseriae and Propionibacterium propionicus
    African sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis)Trypanosoma brucei
    AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome)HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus)
    AmebiasisEntamoeba histolytica
    AnaplasmosisAnaplasma genus
    AnthraxBacillus anthracis
    Arcanobacterium haemolyticum infectionArcanobacterium haemolyticum
    Argentine hemorrhagic feverJunin virus
    AscariasisAscaris lumbricoides
    AspergillosisAspergillus genus
    Astrovirus infectionAstroviridae family
    BabesiosisBabesia genus
    Bacillus cereus infectionBacillus cereus
    Bacterial pneumoniamultiple bacteria
    Bacterial vaginosis (BV)multiple bacteria
    Bacteroides infectionBacteroides genus
    BalantidiasisBalantidium coli
    Baylisascaris infectionBaylisascaris genus
    BK virus infectionBK virus
    Black piedraPiedraia hortae
    Blastocystis hominis infectionBlastocystis hominis
    BlastomycosisBlastomyces dermatitidis
    Bolivian hemorrhagic feverMachupo virus
    Borrelia infectionBorrelia genus
    Botulism (and Infant botulism)Clostridium botulinum; Note: Botulism is not an infection by Clostridium botulinum but caused by the intake of botulinum toxin.
    Brazilian hemorrhagic feverSabia
    BrucellosisBrucella genus
    Burkholderia infectionusually Burkholderia cepacia and other Burkholderia species
    Calicivirus infection (Norovirus and Sapovirus)Caliciviridae family
    CampylobacteriosisCampylobacter genus
    Candidiasis (Moniliasis; Thrush)Candida albicans and other Candida species
    Cat-scratch diseaseBartonella henselae
    Cellulitisusually Group A Streptococcus and Staphylococcus
    Chagas Disease (American trypanosomiasis)Trypanosoma cruzi
    ChancroidHaemophilus ducreyi
    ChickenpoxVaricella zoster virus (VZV)
    ChlamydiaChlamydia trachomatis
    Chlamydophila pneumoniae infectionChlamydophila pneumoniae
    CholeraVibrio cholerae
    Chromoblastomycosisusually Fonsecaea pedrosoi
    ClonorchiasisClonorchis sinensis
    Clostridium difficile infectionClostridium difficile
    CoccidioidomycosisCoccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii
    Colorado tick fever (CTF)Colorado tick fever virus (CTFV)
    Common cold (Acute viral rhinopharyngitis; Acute coryza)usually rhinoviruses and coronaviruses.
    Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)CJD prion
    Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF)Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus
    CryptococcosisCryptococcus neoformans
    CryptosporidiosisCryptosporidium genus
    Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM)usually Ancylostoma braziliense; multiple other parasites
    CyclosporiasisCyclospora cayetanensis
    CysticercosisTaenia solium
    Cytomegalovirus infectionCytomegalovirus
    Dengue feverDengue viruses (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3 and DEN-4) – Flaviviruses
    DientamoebiasisDientamoeba fragilis
    DiphtheriaCorynebacterium diphtheriae
    DiphyllobothriasisDiphyllobothrium
    DracunculiasisDracunculus medinensis
    Ebola hemorrhagic feverEbolavirus (EBOV)
    EchinococcosisEchinococcus genus
    EhrlichiosisEhrlichia genus
    Enterobiasis (Pinworm infection)Enterobius vermicularis
    Enterococcus infectionEnterococcus genus
    Enterovirus infectionEnterovirus genus
    Epidemic typhusRickettsia prowazekii
    Erythema infectiosum (Fifth disease)Parvovirus B19
    Exanthem subitumHuman herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and Human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7)
    FasciolopsiasisFasciolopsis buski
    FasciolosisFasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica
    Fatal familial insomnia (FFI)FFI prion
    FilariasisFilarioidea superfamily
    Food poisoning by Clostridium perfringensClostridium perfringens
    Free-living amebic infectionmultiple
    Fusobacterium infectionFusobacterium genus
    Gas gangrene (Clostridial myonecrosis)usually Clostridium perfringens; other Clostridium species
    GeotrichosisGeotrichum candidum
    Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS)GSS prion
    GiardiasisGiardia intestinalis
    GlandersBurkholderia mallei
    GnathostomiasisGnathostoma spinigerum and Gnathostoma hispidum
    GonorrheaNeisseria gonorrhoeae
    Granuloma inguinale (Donovanosis)Klebsiella granulomatis
    Group A streptococcal infectionStreptococcus pyogenes
    Group B streptococcal infectionStreptococcus agalactiae
    Haemophilus influenzae infectionHaemophilus influenzae
    Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD)Enteroviruses, mainly Coxsackie A virus and Enterovirus 71 (EV71)
    Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)Sin Nombre virus
    Helicobacter pylori infectionHelicobacter pylori
    Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS)Escherichia coli O157:H7
    Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)Bunyaviridae family
    Hepatitis AHepatitis A Virus
    Hepatitis BHepatitis B Virus
    Hepatitis CHepatitis C Virus
    Hepatitis DHepatitis D Virus
    Hepatitis EHepatitis E Virus
    Herpes simplexHerpes simplex virus 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2)
    HistoplasmosisHistoplasma capsulatum
    Hookworm infectionAncylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus
    Human bocavirus infectionHuman bocavirus (HBoV)
    Human ewingii ehrlichiosisEhrlichia ewingii
    Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA)Anaplasma phagocytophilum
    Human metapneumovirus infectionHuman metapneumovirus (hMPV)
    Human monocytic ehrlichiosisEhrlichia chaffeensis
    Human papillomavirus (HPV) infectionHuman papillomavirus (HPV)
    Human parainfluenza virus infectionHuman parainfluenza viruses (HPIV)
    HymenolepiasisHymenolepis nana and Hymenolepis diminuta
    Epstein-Barr Virus Infectious Mononucleosis (Mono)Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)
    Influenza (flu)Orthomyxoviridae family
    IsosporiasisIsospora belli
    Kawasaki diseaseunknown; evidence supports that it is infectious
    Keratitismultiple
    Kingella kingae infectionKingella kingae
    KuruKuru prion
    Lassa feverLassa virus
    Legionellosis (Legionnaires’ disease)Legionella pneumophila
    Legionellosis (Pontiac fever)Legionella pneumophila
    LeishmaniasisLeishmania genus
    LeprosyMycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis
    LeptospirosisLeptospira genus
    ListeriosisListeria monocytogenes
    Lyme disease (Lyme borreliosis)usually Borrelia burgdorferi and other Borrelia species
    Lymphatic filariasis (Elephantiasis)Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi
    Lymphocytic choriomeningitisLymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV)
    MalariaPlasmodium genus
    Marburg hemorrhagic fever (MHF)Marburg virus
    MeaslesMeasles virus
    Melioidosis (Whitmore’s disease)Burkholderia pseudomallei
    Meningitismultiple
    Meningococcal diseaseNeisseria meningitidis
    Metagonimiasisusually Metagonimus yokagawai
    MicrosporidiosisMicrosporidia phylum
    Molluscum contagiosum (MC)Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV)
    MumpsMumps virus
    Murine typhus (Endemic typhus)Rickettsia typhi
    Mycoplasma pneumoniaMycoplasma pneumoniae
    Mycetomanumerous species of bacteria (Actinomycetoma) and fungi (Eumycetoma)
    Myiasisparasitic dipterous fly larvae
    Neonatal conjunctivitis (Ophthalmia neonatorum)most commonly Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    (New) Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD, nvCJD)vCJD prion
    Nocardiosisusually Nocardia asteroides and other Nocardia species
    COVID-19Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
    Onchocerciasis (River blindness)Onchocerca volvulus
    Paracoccidioidomycosis (South American blastomycosis)Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
    Paragonimiasisusually Paragonimus westermani and other Paragonimus species
    PasteurellosisPasteurella genus
    Pediculosis capitis (Head lice)Pediculus humanus capitis
    Pediculosis corporis (Body lice)Onchocerca volvulus
    Pediculosis pubis (Pubic lice, Crab lice)Phthirus pubis
    Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)multiple
    Pertussis (Whooping cough)Bordetella pertussis
    PlagueYersinia pestis
    Pneumococcal infectionStreptococcus pneumoniae
    Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP)Pneumocystis jirovecii
    Pneumoniamultiple
    PoliomyelitisPoliovirus
    Prevotella infectionPrevotella genus
    Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM)usually Naegleria fowleri
    Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathyJC virus
    PsittacosisChlamydophila psittaci
    Q feverCoxiella burnetii
    RabiesRabies virus
    Rat-bite feverStreptobacillus moniliformis and Spirillum minus
    Respiratory syncytial virus infectionRespiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
    RhinosporidiosisRhinosporidium seeberi
    Rhinovirus infectionRhinovirus
    Rickettsial infectionRickettsia genus
    RickettsialpoxRickettsia akari
    Rift Valley fever (RVF)Rift Valley fever virus
    Rocky mountain spotted fever (RMSF)Rickettsia rickettsii
    Rotavirus infectionRotavirus
    RubellaRubella virus
    SalmonellosisSalmonella genus
    SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)SARS coronavirus
    ScabiesSarcoptes scabiei
    SchistosomiasisSchistosoma genus
    Sepsismultiple
    Shigellosis (Bacillary dysentery)Shigella genus
    Shingles (Herpes zoster)Varicella zoster virus (VZV)
    Smallpox (Variola)Variola major or Variola minor
    SporotrichosisSporothrix schenckii
    Staphylococcal food poisoningStaphylococcus genus
    Staphylococcal infectionStaphylococcus genus
    StrongyloidiasisStrongyloides stercoralis
    SyphilisTreponema pallidum
    TaeniasisTaenia genus
    Tetanus (Lockjaw)Clostridium tetani
    Tinea barbae (Barber’s itch)usually Trichophyton genus
    Tinea capitis (Ringworm of the Scalp)usually Trichophyton tonsurans
    Tinea corporis (Ringworm of the Body)usually Trichophyton genus
    Tinea cruris (Jock itch)usually Epidermophyton floccosumTrichophyton rubrum, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes
    Tinea manuum (Ringworm of the Hand)Trichophyton rubrum
    Tinea nigrausually Hortaea werneckii
    Tinea pedis (Athlete’s foot)usually Trichophyton genus
    Tinea unguium (Onychomycosis)usually Trichophyton genus
    Tinea versicolor (Pityriasis versicolor)Malassezia genus
    Toxocariasis (Ocular Larva Migrans (OLM))Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati
    Toxocariasis (Visceral Larva Migrans (VLM))Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati
    ToxoplasmosisToxoplasma gondii
    TrichinellosisTrichinella spiralis
    TrichomoniasisTrichomonas vaginalis
    Trichuriasis (Whipworm infection)Trichuris trichiura
    Tuberculosisusually Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    TularemiaFrancisella tularensis
    Ureaplasma urealyticum infectionUreaplasma urealyticum
    Venezuelan equine encephalitisVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus
    Venezuelan hemorrhagic feverGuanarito virus
    Viral pneumoniamultiple viruses
    West Nile FeverWest Nile virus
    White piedra (Tinea blanca)Trichosporon beigelii
    Yersinia pseudotuberculosis infectionYersinia pseudotuberculosis
    YersiniosisYersinia enterocolitica
    Yellow feverYellow fever virus
    ZygomycosisMucorales order (Mucormycosis) and Entomophthorales order (Entomophthoramycosis)

    Mental illness, mood disorders, personality disorders

    Organic mental disorders, including symptomatic disorders
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Dementia in Alzheimer’s disease (G30)Alzheimer’s disease
    Vascular dementiaMultiinfarct dementiasubcortical arteriosclerotic encephalopathyinfarction
    Dementia in other classified diseasesPick disease (G31.0), Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (A81.0), Chorea Huntington (G10), Parkinson’s disease (G20), AIDS (B22)
    Unspecified dementia
    Organic amnestic syndrome, not caused by alcohol or other psychotropic substancesAmnesiaKorsakov Syndrome
    Delir, not caused by alcohol or other psychotropic substancesdelirium
    Other mental disorders due to brain damage or dysfunction or physical illnessOrganic PsychosyndromeHallucination
    Personality and behavioural disorder due to illness, damage or dysfunction of the brainFrontal brain syndromepersonality disorders
    Unspecified organic or symptomatic mental disorderpsychosis
    Mental and behavioral disorders related to the use of psychotropic substances
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by alcoholAlcohol-related illnessKorsakov syndrome
    Mental and behavioral disorders caused by opioidsopioid
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by cannabinoidsCannabinoids
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by sedatives or hypnoticsHarmful use of benzodiazepinessedativehypnotic , sleep aids
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by cocainecocaine
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by other stimulants, including caffeineStimulantCaffeine
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by hallucinogensHallucinogenHorror trip
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by tobaccotobacco
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by volatile solvents
    Mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple substance use and use of other psychotropic substances 
    descriptionNames of Complications (Additional to Encrypt * Code)
    Acute Intoxication [Acute Intoxication]intoxication
    Harmful use
    Dependency syndromeDependency syndrome
    Withdrawal syndrome
    Withdrawal syndrome with Delirdelirium
    Psychotic disorderSubstance-induced psychosis
    Amnestic syndromeKorsakov syndrome
    Schizophrenia, schizotype and delusional disorders
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    schizophreniaSchizophreniacatatoniahebephrene schizophrenia
    Schizotype DisorderSchizotypic personality disorder
    Persistent delusional disturbancesdelusion
    Acute transient psychotic disorderspsychosis
    Induced delusional disorderInduced delusional disorder
    Schizoaffective disordersSchizoaffective disorder
    Affective Disorders
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Manic episodeHypomaniaMania
    Bipolar affective disorderbipolar disorder
    Depressive Episodedepression
    Recurrent depressive disorderdepression
    Persistent mood disordersZyklothymiaDysthymia
    Neurotic, Stress and Somatoform Disorders
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Phobic disordersAgoraphobia, Social Phobia, Acrophobia, Specific Phobia, Phobic Disorder, List of Phobic Disorders
    Other anxiety disordersPanic disorderGeneralized anxiety disorder, anxiety and depressive disorder (mixed), other anxiety disorders
    OCDObsessive compulsive disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, obsession
    Reactions to severe loads and adaptation disordersPost-traumatic stress disorder, Acute stress response, Adaptation disorder, Hospitalism
    Dissociative Disorders [Conversion Disorders]Fugue, Poriomania,Dromomania, Conversion Hysteria, Amnesia, Ganser Syndrome, Multiple Personality Disorder, Pseudodebility, Obsession, Conversion (Psychology)
    Somatoform disordersSomatoform disorder, somatoform pain disorder, briquet syndrome,psychogens: dysphagia, itching, bruxism, hyperventilation
    Other neurotic disordersNeurastheniaDepersonalizationDerealizationWriting SpasmsDhat SyndromePsychasthenia, Psychogenic Syncope (Medicine)
    Behavioural abnormalities with physical disorders and factors
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    eating disordersAnorexia nervosabulimiabinge eatingpica syndrome,
    Non-organic sleep disordersParasomniaPrimary InsomniaSomnambulismPavor nocturnus
    Sexual dysfunction not caused by an organic disorder or diseaseSexual Appetenz DisorderHypersexualityNymphomaniaSatyriasis, Psychogens /-er: VaginismusAnorgasmia and HyporgasmiaImpotenceDyspareunia
    Mental or behavioural disorders in the weekbed, not classified elsewherePostpartum mood crises
    Psychological or behavioural factors in other classified diseasesz.B. in asthmaulcerative colitisdermatitisstomach ulcers, mucomembranous colitis , urticaria (hives)
    Harmful use of non-dependency-causing substancesdrug or drug abuse, abusus, addiction or dependence; Withdrawal syndromewithdrawal symptoms
    Unspecified behavioural abnormalities in physical disorders and factors
    Personality and Behavioural Disorders
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Specific personality disordersparanoidsSchizoideBorderlineDissocialEmotionally unstableHistrionicAnankatic (compulsive)Anxious (avoiding)Dependent (asthenic) and Other specific personality disorder (eccentric, baseless, narcissistic, passive-aggressive,psychoneurotic, immature)
    Combined and other personality disorders
    Persistent personality changes, not consequence of brain damage or diseaseComplex post-traumatic stress disorder
    Abnormal habits and disturbances of impulse controlPathological playpyromaniakleptomaniatrichotillomania
    Disorders of gender identityTranssexualismtransvestitism while retaining both sex roles
    Disorders of sexual preferencefetishism, fetishistic transvestitism, exhibitionism, voyeurism, paedophilia, sadomasochism,multiple disorders of sexual preference, other disorders of sexual preference(frotteurism, necrophilia)
    Mental and behavioural disorders associated with sexual development and orientationSexual Maturation Crisis, Ichdystone Sexual Orientation,Sexual Relationship Disorder
    Other personality and behavioural disordersDevelopment of physical symptoms for psychological reasons(retirement neurosis), artificial disorder
    Intelligence Reduction
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Light intelligence reduction
    Medium-grade intelligence reduction
    Heavy intelligence reduction
    Heaviest intelligence reduction
    Other intelligence reduction
    Unspecified intelligence reduction
    Developmental Disorders
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Described developmental disorders of speech and languageArticulation disorder (dyslaly), expressive speech disorder, prescription speech disorder, acquired aphasia with epilepsy (Landau-Kleffner syndrome)
    Described developmental disorders of school skillsReading and spelling disorder (dyslexia), Isolated spelling disorder, Numeracy disorder (dyscalculia), Combined disorders of school skills
    Described developmental disturbance of motor functionsDyspraxia
    Combined defined developmental disorders
    Deep developmental disordersEarly Childhood Autism, Atypical Autism, Rett Syndrome,Other Desintegrative Childhood Disorder(Heller’s Dementia),Overactive Disorder with Intelligence Reduction and Movement Stereotypes, Asperger’s Syndrome
    Other developmental disordersDevelopmental Agnosia (Agnosia)
    Behavioural and emotional disorders with the beginning of childhood and adolescence
    DescriptionDiseases and further articles
    Hyperkinetic disordersSimple activity and attention disorder, hyperkinetic disturbance of social behavior
    Disorders of social behaviourDisturbance of social behaviour limited to the family context, disturbance of social behaviour in the absence of social ties, disturbance of social behaviour in existing social ties, disturbance of social behaviour with oppositional, rebellious behaviour
    Combined disturbance of social behaviour and emotionsDisorder of social behaviour with depressive disorder
    Emotional disorders of childhoodEmotional disorder with fear of separation of childhood (fear ofseparation),phobic disorder of childhood(phobic disorder),disorder with social anxiety of childhood(social phobia),emotional disorder with sibling rivalry (sibling rivalry),
    Disorders of social functions with the beginning of childhood and adolescenceElective mutism, reactive bonding disorder of childhood(binding disorder), binding disorder of childhood with inhibition
    Tic disordersTemporary Tic Disorder, Chronic Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder, Combined Vocal and Multiple Motor Tics(Tourette Syndrome))
    Other behavioural and emotional disorders with the beginning of childhood and adolescenceNon-organic enuresis, non-organic copresisfeeding disorder in early childhood, pica in childhood (Pica syndrome), stereotypemovement disorders (stereotyping (medicine)), stuttering [stems], buzzing,Other more specific behavioral and emotional disorders with onset in childhood and adolescence (nose drillingonychophagiathumb sucking)

    List of rare diseases

    List of rare diseases:

     

      Acrocephalosyndactylia  Acrodermatitis
      Addison Disease  Adie Syndrome
      Alagille Syndrome  Amylose
      Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis  Angelman Syndrome
      Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia  Arnold-Chiari Malformation
      Arthritis, Juvenile Rheumatoid  Asperger Syndrome
      Bardet-Biedl Syndrome  Barrett Esophagus
      Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome  Behcet Syndrome
      Bloom Syndrome  Bowen’s Disease
      Brachial Plexus Neuropathies  Brown-Sequard Syndrome
      Budd-Chiari Syndrome  Burkitt Lymphoma
      Carcinoma 256, Walker  Caroli Disease
      Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease  Chediak-Higashi Syndrome
      Chiari-Frommel Syndrome  Chondrodysplasia Punctata
      Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction  Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis
      Craniofacial Dysostosis  Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome
      Crohn Disease  Cushing Syndrome
      Cystic Fibrosis
      Dandy-Walker Syndrome  De Lange Syndrome
      Dementia, Vascular  Dermatitis Herpetiformis
      DiGeorge Syndrome  Diffuse Cerebral Sclerosis of Schilder
      Duane Retraction Syndrome  Dupuytren Contracture
      Ebstein Anomaly  Eisenmenger Complex
      Ellis-Van Creveld Syndrome  Encephalitis
      Enchondromatosis  Epidermal Necrolysis, Toxic
      Facial Hemiatrophy  Factor XII Deficiency
      Fanconi Anemia  Felty’s Syndrome
      Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic  Fox-Fordyce Disease
      Friedreich Ataxia  Fusobacterium
      Gardner Syndrome  Gaucher Disease
      Gerstmann Syndrome  Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia
      Glycogen Storage Disease Type I  Glycogen Storage Disease Type II
      Glycogen Storage Disease Type IV  Glycogen Storage Disease Type V
      Glycogen Storage Disease Type VII  Goldenhar Syndrome
      Guillain-Barre Syndrome
      Hallermann’s Syndrome  Hamartoma Syndrome, Multiple
      Hartnup Disease  Hepatolenticular Degeneration
      Hepatolenticular Degeneration  Hereditary Sensory and Motor Neuropathy
      Hirschsprung Disease  Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis
      Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell  Hodgkin Disease
      Horner Syndrome  Huntington Disease
      Hyperaldosteronism  Hyperhidrosis
      Hyperostosis, Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal  Hypopituitarism
      Inappropriate ADH Syndrome  Intestinal Polyps
      Isaacs Syndrome
      Kartagener Syndrome  Kearns-Sayre Syndrome
      Klippel-Feil Syndrome  Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome
      Kluver-Bucy Syndrome  Korsakoff Syndrome
      Lafora Disease  Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome
      Landau-Kleffner Syndrome  Langer-Giedion Syndrome
      Leigh Disease  Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome
      Leukodystrophy, Globoid Cell  Li-Fraumeni Syndrome
      Long QT Syndrome
      Machado-Joseph Disease  Mallory-Weiss Syndrome
      Marek Disease  Marfan Syndrome
      Meckel Diverticulum  Meige Syndrome
      Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome  Meniere Disease
      Mikulicz’ Disease  Miller Fisher Syndrome
      Mobius Syndrome  Moyamoya Disease
      Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome  Mucopolysaccharidosis I
      Mucopolysaccharidosis II  Mucopolysaccharidosis III
      Mucopolysaccharidosis IV  Mucopolysaccharidosis VI
      Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1  Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy
      Muscular Atrophy, Spinal
      Narcolepsy  Neuroaxonal Dystrophies
      Neuromyelitis Optica  Neuronal Ceroid-Lipofuscinoses
      Niemann-Pick Diseases  Noonan Syndrome
      Optic Atrophies, Hereditary  Osteitis Deformans
      Osteochondritis  Osteochondrodysplasias
      Osteolysis, Essential
      Paget Disease Extramammary  Paget’s Disease, Mammary
      Panniculitis, Nodular Nonsuppurative  Papillon-Lefevre Disease
      Paralysis  Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease
      Pemphigus, Benign Familial  Penile Induration
      Pericarditis, Constrictive  Peroxisomal Disorders
      Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome  Pick Disease of the Brain
      Pierre Robin Syndrome  Pigmentation Disorders
      Pityriasis Lichenoides  Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
      Polyendocrinopathies, Autoimmune  Prader-Willi Syndrome
      Pupil Disorders
      Rett Syndrome  Reye Syndrome
      Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome
      Sandhoff Disease  Sarcoma, Ewing’s
      Schnitzler Syndrome  Sjogren’s Syndrome
      Sjogren-Larsson Syndrome  Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome
      Spinal Muscular Atrophies of Childhood  Sturge-Weber Syndrome
      Sweating, Gustatory
      Takayasu Arteritis  Tangier Disease
      Tay-Sachs Disease  Thromboangiitis Obliterans
      Thyroiditis, Autoimmune  Tietze’s Syndrome
      Togaviridae Infections  Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome
      Tourette Syndrome
      Uveomeningoencephalitic Syndrome
      Waardenburg’s Syndrome  Wegener Granulomatosis
      Weil Disease  Werner Syndrome
      Williams Syndrome  Wilms Tumor
      Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome  Wolfram Syndrome
      Wolman Disease
      Zellweger Syndrome  Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome
      von Willebrand Diseases

    Below is a list of conditions . A condition is the collective name for symptoms, syndromes, clinical signs, diseases, disabilities and injuries.

    A

    B

    C

    D

    E

    F

    G

    H

    I

    J

    K

    L

    M

    N

    O

    P

    Q

    R

    S

    T

    U

    V

    W

    Y

    Sources: PinterPandai, Health On the Net (NGO),

    Notice:

    Information in CleverlySmart.com is updated on a regular basis. It may happen that new discoveries are made in between updates and do not yet appear in the disease profile. The date of the last update is indicated. Professionals are always encouraged to consult the most recent publications before making any decisions based on the information provided.

    Information in CleverlySmart.com is not intended to replace professional health care. CleverlySmart.comcannot be held responsible for harmful, truncated or erroneous use of any information found in the CleverlySmart.com database.

    List of Diseases

    This list of diseases groups together the main families of diseases. Disease is an alteration in the functions or health of a living organism. We speak as well of disease, referring to all the alterations in health, as of a disease, which then designates a particular entity characterized by causes, symptoms, development and specific therapeutic possibilities. A patient is a person suffering from a disease, whether it is determined or not. When it is the subject of medical care, we speak of a patient. Health and disease are linked to biological processes and to interactions with the social and environmental environment. Generally, disease is defined as an entity opposed to health, the negative effect of which is due to an alteration or disharmonization of a system at any level (molecular, bodily, mental, emotional, etc.) of the state. physiological or morphological considered as normal, balanced or harmonious. We can speak of faulty homeostasis.

    This list of diseases groups together the main families of diseases

    • List of dermatological diseases
    • List of cardiovascular diseases
    • List of respiratory diseases
    • Cancer list
    • List of eye diseases and disorders
    • List of genetic or hereditary diseases (identified gene, unidentified gene)
    • List of infectious diseases
    • Mental illness (mood disorders, personality disorders)
    • List of rare diseases

    List of dermatological diseases

    Signs can include itching, pain, and hyperhidrosis. Physical signs include: vitropression effect, Nikolsky’s sign, Wood’s lamp fluorescence, and Blaschko lines. Dermatological investigations include skin biopsy. Dermatological lesions Atrophies Bubbles Dyschromia Erythema (and exanthema) Keratosis Macules Nodules Papules Purpuras Pustules Dander Sclerosis Tumors Ulcerations Vegetations or condylomas Vesicles Dermatological pathologies Acanthosis nigricans Achromia Acne Alopecia Amyloidosis Angiodermatitis Stellate angioma Staphylococcal anthrax Aphthosis Atrophy Balanitis Behçet (disease of) Bowen’s disease Basal cell carcinoma Squamous cell carcinoma Candidiasis Soft chancroid Rosacea Darier’s disease Degos (disease) Chronic actinic dermatitis Dermatitis herpetiformis Atopic dermatitis Dermatophytosis Perioral dermatitis Seborrheic dermatitis Dermographism Dyshidrosis Eczema Epidermolysis bullosa Erysipelas Erythema ab igne Erythema nodosum Fixed pigmented erythema Erythema multiforme Erythroderma Erythrasma Pressure sore Fiessinger-Leroy-Reiter (syndrome) Folliculitis Boil Scabies Gangrene Granuloma annulare Herpes Ichthyosis Impetigo Intertrigo Actinic keratosis Keratosis pilaris Leishmaniasis Meadow Leukokeratosis Lichen planus Scleroatrophic lichen Livedo Lupus erythematosus Lyell syndrome Plantar perforator Occupational disease Mastocytosis Melanoma Miliary Mucinosis Molluscum contagiosum Myases Lipoid necrobiosis Angioedema Panniculitis Papillonite Achromiant parakeratosis Guttate parapsoriasis Body pediculosis Scalp pediculosis Alopecia areata Bullous pemphigoid Pemphigus Perionyxis Perleche Photodermatosis Gibert’s rosé pityriasis Tinea versicolor Poikiloderma Porphyrias Prurigo Psoriasis Purpura rosacea Sarcoidosis Scarlet fever Sycosis Mouth-hand-foot syndrome Stevens-Johnson syndrome Syphilis Ringworm Bullous drug eruption Trombidiosis Tuberculosis Tungose Urticaria Varicella Necrotizing vasculitis Wart Vitiligo Vulvovaginitis Xanthoma Xeroderma pigmentosum Shingles.

    List of respiratory diseases

    Acute upper respiratory infections
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    acute rhinitis , infectious rhinitis , acute rhinopharyngitis , infectious rhinopharyngitis, rhinitisAcute rhinopharyngitis [colds]
    Acute maxillary sinusitis (acute sinusitis ), acute frontal sinusitis acute sinusitis ethmoid , acute sphenoid sinusitis , acute pansinusitisAcute sinusitis
    Acute sore throat , streptococcal pharyngitis , acute pharyngitis nnb, acute pharyngitisAcute pharyngitis
    Acute tonsillitis , streptococcal tonsillitis , angina follicularisAcute tonsillitis
    Acute laryngitis , acute tracheitis , acute laryngotracheitisAcute laryngitis and tracheitis
    Acute obstructive laryngitis [ croup ], acute epiglottitisAcute obstructive laryngitis [croup] and epiglottitis
    Acute laryngopharyngitis , flu-like infectionAcute infections in multiple or unspecified locations of the upper respiratory tract
    Influenza and Pneumonia (Lung infection)
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Bird fluInfluenza due to avian influenza viruses that have been proven
    fluInfluenza from other known influenza viruses
    Flu, viruses not detected
    Viral pneumoniaViral Pneumonia, not elsewhere classified
    Streptococcus pneumoniaePneumonia due to Streptococcus pneumoniae
    Haemophilus influenzaeHaemophilus influenzae pneumonia
    Bacterial pneumoniaBacterial pneumonia, not elsewhere classified
    Pneumonia due to other infectious agentsPneumonia due to other infectious agents, not elsewhere classified
     Pneumonia in Diseases Classified ElsewherePneumonia in Diseases Classified Elsewhere
    Pneumonia, pathogenPneumonia, pathogen unspecified
    Other acute lower respiratory infections
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Acute bronchitis , acute tracheobronchitisAcute bronchitis
    Acute bronchiolitisAcute bronchiolitis
    Acute lower respiratory infection, unspecified
    Other diseases of the upper respiratory tract
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Rhinopathia vasomotorica, allergic rhinitis (hay fever, pollen allergy, pollinosis )Vasomotor and allergic rhinopathy
    Chronic rhinitis, Ozaena, chronic nasopharyngitis, chronic pharyngitis, chronic pharyngitisChronic rhinitis, rhinopharyngitis, and pharyngitis
    Chronic maxillary sinusitis, chronic maxillary sinusitis, chronic frontal sinusitis, chronic ethmoidal sinusitis, chronic sphenoidal sinusitis, chronic pansinusitisChronic sinusitis
    Polyp of the nasal cavity, choanal polyp, nasopharyngeal polyp, polyposis nasalis deformans (Woakes syndrome, ethmoiditis)Nasal polyp
    Abscess, boils and carbuncles of the nose; Cyst or mucocele of the nose and sinus; Nasal septal deviation; Turbinate hypertrophy, perforation of the nasal septum, rhinoliteOther diseases of the nose and sinuses
    Chronic tonsillitis, hyperplasia of the tonsils, hyperplasia of the pharynx  (adenoid vegetation), almond stone, tonsil ulcerChronic diseases of the tonsils and tonsils
    Peritonsillar abscess, peritonsillar phlegmon, tonsillar abscess, retrotonsillar abscessPeritonsillar abscess
    Chronic laryngitis, chronic laryngotracheitisChronic laryngitis and laryngotracheitis
    Glottislähmung, laryngeal paralysis, vocal cord paralysis, polyp, Kehlkopfpolyp, vocal cord nodules (nodular chorditis, fibrinous chorditis, tuberous chorditis, teacher nodules, Singer nodules), Stimmlippengranulom, laryngeal edema, Reinke’s edema, laryngeal spasm, Laryngismus, croup, laryngeal stenosisDiseases of the vocal folds and larynx, not elsewhere classified
    Retropharyngeal, Parapharyngealabszess, Nasopharynxabszess, Rachenphlegmone, tornwaldt cystOther diseases of the upper respiratory tract
    Chronic lower respiratory diseases
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Bronchitis , tracheobronchitisBronchitis, not designated as acute or chronic
    Chronic bronchitisSimple and slimy-purulent chronic bronchitis
    Bronchitis , tracheitis , tracheobronchitisUnspecified chronic bronchitis
    Pulmonary emphysema , McLeod syndrome ( unilateral emphysema , unilateral light lung ), panlobular emphysema ( panacinous emphysema ), centrilobular emphysemaEmphysema
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseOther chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Bronchial asthma , allergic bronchial asthma , allergic bronchitis , atopic asthma , exogenous allergic bronchial asthma ( extrinsic asthma ), nonallergic bronchial asthma , endogenous nonallergic bronchial asthma ( intrinsic asthma ), analgesic asthma , asthmatic bronchitis , late-onset asthmabronchial asthma
    Status asthmaticus ( acute severe bronchial asthma )Status asthmaticus
    Bronchiectasis , bronchiolectasisBronchiectasis
    Lung diseases caused by exogenous substances
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Coal miners pneumoconiosis , anthracosis , anthracosilicosis , coal dust lungCoal Miners Pneumoconiosis
    AsbestosisPneumoconiosis due to asbestos and other inorganic fibers
    silicosisPneumoconiosis due to fumed silica
    Aluminosis , bauxite fibrosis , berylliosis , graphite fibrosis , siderosis , stannosisPneumoconiosis due to other inorganic dusts
    Unspecified pneumoconiosis
    Pneumoconiosis associated with tuberculosisPneumoconiosis associated with tuberculosis
    Byssinosis , flat-worker’s disease , CannabioseRespiratory disease caused by specific organic dust
    Allergic alveolitis , farmer’s lung ( Drescher-lung , harvester-lung , Moldy hay disease ), Bagassose ( bagasse disease , bagasse pneumonitis ), bird breeders lung ( pigeon fancier’s disease , pigeon fancier lung , budgerigar breeder’s disease , budgie breeders lung ), Suberosis ( Cork worker disease , cork worker lung , cork peeler disease , cork peeler lung ),Malt worker lung , mushroom worker lung , maple bark peeler lung , humidifier lung (air conditioning lung), fish meal worker lung , cheese washer lung , coffee worker lung , furrier lung , sequoiosis , exogenous allergic alveolitis ( hypersensitive pneumonitis )Allergic alveolitis due to organic dust
    Respiratory diseases caused by inhalation of chemical substances, gases, smoke and vapors
    Aspiration pneumonia , lipid pneumoniaPneumonia due to solid and liquid substances
    Radiation pneumonitis , pulmonary fibrosis after exposure to radiationRespiratory diseases caused by other exogenous substances
    Other diseases of the respiratory organs, mainly affecting the interstitium
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Adult respiratory distress syndrome ( Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome , ARDS, Hyaline Membrane Disease )Respiratory distress syndrome in adults [ARDS]
    Acute pulmonary edema , pulmonary congestionPulmonary edema
    Eosinophilic lung infiltrate ( Löffler syndrome (I), tropical eosinophilia , pulmonary eosinophilia )Eosinophilic pulmonary infiltrate, not elsewhere classified
    Alveolar proteinosis , microlithiasis alveolaris pulmonum , acute interstitial pneumonia ( diffuse pulmonary fibrosis , fibrosing alveolitis , Hamman-Rich syndrome , idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis ), interstitial pneumoniaOther interstitial lung diseases
    Purulent and Necrotizing Lower Respiratory Diseases
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Pulmonary gangrene , pulmonary necrosis , lung abscess , mediastinal abscessAbscess of the lungs and mediastinum
    Pyothorax , pleural abscess , thoracic abscess , empyema , pyopneumothoraxPyothorax
    Other diseases of the pleura
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Pleural effusionPleural effusion, not elsewhere classified
    Pleural effusion in diseases classified elsewhere
    Pleural plaques ( pleural thickening )Pleural plaques
    Pneumothorax , spontaneous pneumothorax , tension pneumothoraxPneumothorax
    Chylothorax , fibrothorax , hemothorax , hemopneumothorax , hydrothoraxOther conditions of the pleura
    Other diseases of the respiratory system
    Names of diseases (synonyms)description
    Mendelson’s syndromeRespiratory diseases following medical intervention, not elsewhere classified
    Respiratory failureRespiratory failure, not elsewhere classified
    Broncholithiasis , stenosis of the bronchus , Tracheobronchial dyskinesia , tracheobronchial collapse syndrome , ulcer of the bronchus , lung collapse , atelectasis , interstitial emphysema , mediastinal , Pneumolithiasis , Cystic lung disease (acquired), mediastinal , mediastinitis , displacement of the mediastinum , Relaxatio diaphragmatica , diaphragmatic paralysis , diaphragm inflammationOther respiratory diseases

    Cancer list

    List of eye diseases and disorders

    Disorders of eyelid, tear apparatus and orbit Conjunctival disorders Disorders of sclera , cornea , iris and ciliary body Disorders of lens Choroid and retinal disorders Glaucoma Disorders of vitreous body and eyeball Disorders of optic nerve and optic pathways Disorders of eye muscles and disorders in binocular eye movement, accommodation and refraction Visual disturbances and blindness Other disorders of the eye and adnexes

    List of genetic diseases (identified gene, unidentified gene)

    Inherited diseases follow different inheritance patterns and are associated with different inheritance, recurrence and disease probabilities. A distinction is made between autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant inheritance from gonosomal and mitochondrial inheritance.

    Autosomal recessive modes of inheritance

    The peculiarity only appears if there is a change ( mutation ) in both copies of a certain gene on both chromosomes , i.e. That is, if the person in question has inherited one change from his biological father and one from his biological mother. The parents do not have to be affected, so the phenotype does not occur in every generation. The mutation does not have to be identical. If two mutations that can be distinguished by molecular genetics lead to the same loss of function in a gene, one speaks of compound heterozygosity . Examples of autosomal recessive inheritance are cystic fibrosis and albinismand phenylketonuria (PKU) (a defect in phenylalanine hydroxylase). Autosomal recessive inherited diseases are mostly loss-of-function mutations . The causes of apparent deviations in autosomal recessive inheritance are pseudo-dominance , heterogeneity , isodisomy and the fact that heterozygotes with sick children are not included in the calculation. Typical examples are:

    Autosomal dominant patterns of inheritance

    Here an altered allele (alleles are the mutually and at the same time oppositely corresponding genes of a diploid chromosome set) on one of the two homologous chromosomes leads to the characteristic expression. The genetic information is available on one of the 44 autosomes and is inherited regardless of gender . So women and men are equally affected. The phenotype occurs in every generation. Examples are:

    Gonosomal modes of inheritance

    Hereditary gonosomal diseases, i.e. those in which the change affects the sex chromosomes X or Y, are in most cases on the X chromosome, since the Y chromosome contains fewer genes. The X chromosome has 155 megabases, the Y chromosome 59 megabases. Using the example of X-linked inheritance , the following peculiarities become clear:

    X-linked recessive

    Girls / women are only affected if both X chromosomes are damaged, otherwise they are only carriers (conductors), d. In other words, they can pass on the changed X chromosome to their children, but do not develop a corresponding phenotype themselves. Girls / women can often compensate for the change on one X chromosome with their second X chromosome if it is not changed. Boys / men are affected if they inherit one of the changed X chromosomes from the phenotypically healthy mother, or one of the two changed X chromosomes from a phenotypically diseased mother, since boys / men definitely have one X chromosome from the Get a mother and have only this one. Boys / men are phenotypically affected more often, since girls / women compensate for the defect with the other X chromosome. Examples are glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G-6-PD deficiency),Hemophilia A and B (hemophilia), Lesch-Nyhan syndromeFabry disease , mucopolysaccharidosis type II, muscular dystrophy (Duchenne type, Becker-Kiener type), Norrie syndromeretinitis pigmentosared-green blindnessseptic granulomatosisX- SCID (severe combined immune deficiency) and ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency (urea cycle defect)

    X-linked dominant

    Boys / men are 50% affected if their mother is a carrier of a disease-causing allele on an X chromosome . If, on the other hand, both of their X chromosomes contain the disease-causing allele, all children are affected. Overall, girls / women are more frequently affected, as the probability of receiving an altered X chromosome is higher with two X chromosomes (one from the father, one from the mother) than with boys / men (one from the mother). Examples are familial phosphatemic rickets (also called idiopathic Debré-de-Toni-Fanconi syndrome or vitamin D-resistant rickets ), Rett syndrome and orofacio-digital syndrome type 1 .

    Mitochondrial or extrachromosomal inheritance

    About 0.1 percent of the DNA in a human cell is not in the nucleus, but in the mitochondria . Since egg cells, unlike sperm, have several hundred thousand mitochondria, mutations in the mitochondrial DNA are only inherited on the maternal side. The same applies to the chloroplasts of photosynthetically active organisms. See also extrachromosomal inheritance

    Diagnosis and treatment

    If a hereditary disease is suspected, a human genetic test can provide clarity. The chromosomes are checked for numerical and structural changes. If there is an urgent suspicion of a certain genetic defect, a more extensive, complex investigation of individual gene constellations is also possible. The results can then be helpful in assessing the risk of inheritance. If the genetic make-up is peculiar to itself, it is usually not possible to act on the causes with today’s medical options. Therefore advice is usually given regarding lifestyle, education about risk factors and symptomatic measures. These are then individual decisions, especially since it is not always an illness, but often a disposition . For a few diseases, such as B. spinal muscular atrophy, there are first attempts at therapy.

    History

    The term genetic disease , which has only been used since the 20th century to mean genetic disease , was also often misused in the first half of the 20th century , including for alleged “diseases” such as “criminal tendencies” or “antisociality”. This thinking influenced sterilization programs and the euthanasia idea and found its extreme expression in German National Socialism, but was also present in many other countries such as the USA, England and France at the time. Today, only those diseases are called hereditary diseases that can be defined as clearly as possible and are very likely to be due to genetic defects.

    Benign hereditary diseases

    illnessInheritanceChromosome / genedescription
    AlbinismAutosomal recessiveChromosome 11 , locus q14-21, chromosome 15 , locus q11-13, chromosome 9 , locus p23, chromosome 5 , locus p13.3Lack of synthesis of melanin leads to light or white hair, eyes and skin color
    Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiencyAutosomal recessiveChromosome 14 , locus q32.1An increased risk of liver cirrhosis or pulmonary emphysema due to a congenital lower concentration of this enzyme
    Chorea huntingtonAutosomal dominantChromosome 4 , locus p16.3Fatal motor and psychological disorder due to the increased incorporation of glutamine in the protein huntingtin
    GalactosemiaAutosomal recessiveChromosome 9If left untreated, intracellular storage of galactose is often fatal due to the lack of the enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase
    Hemophilia A.X-linkedX chromosomeIncreased bleeding tendency due to a lack of coagulation factor VIII
    Hemophilia B.X-linkedX chromosomeIncreased bleeding tendency due to a lack of coagulation factor IX
    cretinismAutosomal recessive or dominantMultiple genes, e.g. B. Chromosome 2 , locus q14.1 and chromosome 14 , locus q31.1Short stature, deformity of the limbs, speech disorders and intellectual disorders caused by a congenital deficiency of thyroid hormone ( thyroxine )
    Cleft lip and palatePolygenetic(multiple genes)Congenital splitting of the lips, upper jaw, roof of the mouth, or a combination of these
    Metachromatic LeukodystrophyPolygenetically autosomal recessive(multiple genes)Unsteady gait, speech disorders due to lack of aryl sulfate
    Mucopolysaccharidosis type 1Polygenetically autosomal(multiple genes)Different symptoms, which only appear in childhood, due to the storage of glycosaminoglycans in cells.
    Cystic fibrosisAutosomal recessiveChromosome 7 , locus q31.2Dysfunction of the lungs and pancreas due to the formation of thick mucus, leading in the end stage to lung failure or pancreatic insufficiency
    NeurofibromatosisAutosomal dominant (spontaneous mutation in 50% of cases)Chromosome 17 , locus q11.2Development of benign tumors on the skin, in the eyes and bones, and in the central nervous system
    PhenylketonuriaAutosomal recessiveChromosome 12 , locus q22 to q24Impaired brain development and skull growth due to a lack of the enzyme phenyl alanine hydroxylase
    Sickle cell anemiaAutosomal codominantChromosome 11Deformities of the red blood cells lead to painful crises; symptomatic only in the homozygous form
    Spinal muscular atrophyAutosomal recessiveChromosome 5 , locus q13Muscle wasting due to the loss of motor nerve cells in the spinal cord
    Tay-Sachs syndromeAutosomal recessiveChromosome 15 , locus q23-24Severe mental retardation with blindness from birth; the fewest children affected are older than three years
    Cystic kidneysAutosomal recessiveChromosome 16Development of multiple cysts in the kidneys from adulthood, leading to renal failure in the end-stage

    List of infectious diseases

    DiseaseCausative Agent (Bacteria, Virus, or other organism/agent)
    Acinetobacter infectionsAcinetobacter baumannii
    ActinomycosisActinomyces israeliiActinomyces gerencseriae and Propionibacterium propionicus
    African sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis)Trypanosoma brucei
    AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome)HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus)
    AmebiasisEntamoeba histolytica
    AnaplasmosisAnaplasma genus
    AnthraxBacillus anthracis
    Arcanobacterium haemolyticum infectionArcanobacterium haemolyticum
    Argentine hemorrhagic feverJunin virus
    AscariasisAscaris lumbricoides
    AspergillosisAspergillus genus
    Astrovirus infectionAstroviridae family
    BabesiosisBabesia genus
    Bacillus cereus infectionBacillus cereus
    Bacterial pneumoniamultiple bacteria
    Bacterial vaginosis (BV)multiple bacteria
    Bacteroides infectionBacteroides genus
    BalantidiasisBalantidium coli
    Baylisascaris infectionBaylisascaris genus
    BK virus infectionBK virus
    Black piedraPiedraia hortae
    Blastocystis hominis infectionBlastocystis hominis
    BlastomycosisBlastomyces dermatitidis
    Bolivian hemorrhagic feverMachupo virus
    Borrelia infectionBorrelia genus
    Botulism (and Infant botulism)Clostridium botulinum; Note: Botulism is not an infection by Clostridium botulinum but caused by the intake of botulinum toxin.
    Brazilian hemorrhagic feverSabia
    BrucellosisBrucella genus
    Burkholderia infectionusually Burkholderia cepacia and other Burkholderia species
    Calicivirus infection (Norovirus and Sapovirus)Caliciviridae family
    CampylobacteriosisCampylobacter genus
    Candidiasis (Moniliasis; Thrush)Candida albicans and other Candida species
    Cat-scratch diseaseBartonella henselae
    Cellulitisusually Group A Streptococcus and Staphylococcus
    Chagas Disease (American trypanosomiasis)Trypanosoma cruzi
    ChancroidHaemophilus ducreyi
    ChickenpoxVaricella zoster virus (VZV)
    ChlamydiaChlamydia trachomatis
    Chlamydophila pneumoniae infectionChlamydophila pneumoniae
    CholeraVibrio cholerae
    Chromoblastomycosisusually Fonsecaea pedrosoi
    ClonorchiasisClonorchis sinensis
    Clostridium difficile infectionClostridium difficile
    CoccidioidomycosisCoccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii
    Colorado tick fever (CTF)Colorado tick fever virus (CTFV)
    Common cold (Acute viral rhinopharyngitis; Acute coryza)usually rhinoviruses and coronaviruses.
    Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)CJD prion
    Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF)Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus
    CryptococcosisCryptococcus neoformans
    CryptosporidiosisCryptosporidium genus
    Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM)usually Ancylostoma braziliense; multiple other parasites
    CyclosporiasisCyclospora cayetanensis
    CysticercosisTaenia solium
    Cytomegalovirus infectionCytomegalovirus
    Dengue feverDengue viruses (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3 and DEN-4) – Flaviviruses
    DientamoebiasisDientamoeba fragilis
    DiphtheriaCorynebacterium diphtheriae
    DiphyllobothriasisDiphyllobothrium
    DracunculiasisDracunculus medinensis
    Ebola hemorrhagic feverEbolavirus (EBOV)
    EchinococcosisEchinococcus genus
    EhrlichiosisEhrlichia genus
    Enterobiasis (Pinworm infection)Enterobius vermicularis
    Enterococcus infectionEnterococcus genus
    Enterovirus infectionEnterovirus genus
    Epidemic typhusRickettsia prowazekii
    Erythema infectiosum (Fifth disease)Parvovirus B19
    Exanthem subitumHuman herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and Human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7)
    FasciolopsiasisFasciolopsis buski
    FasciolosisFasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica
    Fatal familial insomnia (FFI)FFI prion
    FilariasisFilarioidea superfamily
    Food poisoning by Clostridium perfringensClostridium perfringens
    Free-living amebic infectionmultiple
    Fusobacterium infectionFusobacterium genus
    Gas gangrene (Clostridial myonecrosis)usually Clostridium perfringens; other Clostridium species
    GeotrichosisGeotrichum candidum
    Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS)GSS prion
    GiardiasisGiardia intestinalis
    GlandersBurkholderia mallei
    GnathostomiasisGnathostoma spinigerum and Gnathostoma hispidum
    GonorrheaNeisseria gonorrhoeae
    Granuloma inguinale (Donovanosis)Klebsiella granulomatis
    Group A streptococcal infectionStreptococcus pyogenes
    Group B streptococcal infectionStreptococcus agalactiae
    Haemophilus influenzae infectionHaemophilus influenzae
    Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD)Enteroviruses, mainly Coxsackie A virus and Enterovirus 71 (EV71)
    Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)Sin Nombre virus
    Helicobacter pylori infectionHelicobacter pylori
    Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS)Escherichia coli O157:H7
    Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)Bunyaviridae family
    Hepatitis AHepatitis A Virus
    Hepatitis BHepatitis B Virus
    Hepatitis CHepatitis C Virus
    Hepatitis DHepatitis D Virus
    Hepatitis EHepatitis E Virus
    Herpes simplexHerpes simplex virus 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2)
    HistoplasmosisHistoplasma capsulatum
    Hookworm infectionAncylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus
    Human bocavirus infectionHuman bocavirus (HBoV)
    Human ewingii ehrlichiosisEhrlichia ewingii
    Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA)Anaplasma phagocytophilum
    Human metapneumovirus infectionHuman metapneumovirus (hMPV)
    Human monocytic ehrlichiosisEhrlichia chaffeensis
    Human papillomavirus (HPV) infectionHuman papillomavirus (HPV)
    Human parainfluenza virus infectionHuman parainfluenza viruses (HPIV)
    HymenolepiasisHymenolepis nana and Hymenolepis diminuta
    Epstein-Barr Virus Infectious Mononucleosis (Mono)Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)
    Influenza (flu)Orthomyxoviridae family
    IsosporiasisIsospora belli
    Kawasaki diseaseunknown; evidence supports that it is infectious
    Keratitismultiple
    Kingella kingae infectionKingella kingae
    KuruKuru prion
    Lassa feverLassa virus
    Legionellosis (Legionnaires’ disease)Legionella pneumophila
    Legionellosis (Pontiac fever)Legionella pneumophila
    LeishmaniasisLeishmania genus
    LeprosyMycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis
    LeptospirosisLeptospira genus
    ListeriosisListeria monocytogenes
    Lyme disease (Lyme borreliosis)usually Borrelia burgdorferi and other Borrelia species
    Lymphatic filariasis (Elephantiasis)Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi
    Lymphocytic choriomeningitisLymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV)
    MalariaPlasmodium genus
    Marburg hemorrhagic fever (MHF)Marburg virus
    MeaslesMeasles virus
    Melioidosis (Whitmore’s disease)Burkholderia pseudomallei
    Meningitismultiple
    Meningococcal diseaseNeisseria meningitidis
    Metagonimiasisusually Metagonimus yokagawai
    MicrosporidiosisMicrosporidia phylum
    Molluscum contagiosum (MC)Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV)
    MumpsMumps virus
    Murine typhus (Endemic typhus)Rickettsia typhi
    Mycoplasma pneumoniaMycoplasma pneumoniae
    Mycetomanumerous species of bacteria (Actinomycetoma) and fungi (Eumycetoma)
    Myiasisparasitic dipterous fly larvae
    Neonatal conjunctivitis (Ophthalmia neonatorum)most commonly Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    (New) Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD, nvCJD)vCJD prion
    Nocardiosisusually Nocardia asteroides and other Nocardia species
    COVID-19Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
    Onchocerciasis (River blindness)Onchocerca volvulus
    Paracoccidioidomycosis (South American blastomycosis)Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
    Paragonimiasisusually Paragonimus westermani and other Paragonimus species
    PasteurellosisPasteurella genus
    Pediculosis capitis (Head lice)Pediculus humanus capitis
    Pediculosis corporis (Body lice)Onchocerca volvulus
    Pediculosis pubis (Pubic lice, Crab lice)Phthirus pubis
    Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)multiple
    Pertussis (Whooping cough)Bordetella pertussis
    PlagueYersinia pestis
    Pneumococcal infectionStreptococcus pneumoniae
    Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP)Pneumocystis jirovecii
    Pneumoniamultiple
    PoliomyelitisPoliovirus
    Prevotella infectionPrevotella genus
    Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM)usually Naegleria fowleri
    Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathyJC virus
    PsittacosisChlamydophila psittaci
    Q feverCoxiella burnetii
    RabiesRabies virus
    Rat-bite feverStreptobacillus moniliformis and Spirillum minus
    Respiratory syncytial virus infectionRespiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
    RhinosporidiosisRhinosporidium seeberi
    Rhinovirus infectionRhinovirus
    Rickettsial infectionRickettsia genus
    RickettsialpoxRickettsia akari
    Rift Valley fever (RVF)Rift Valley fever virus
    Rocky mountain spotted fever (RMSF)Rickettsia rickettsii
    Rotavirus infectionRotavirus
    RubellaRubella virus
    SalmonellosisSalmonella genus
    SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)SARS coronavirus
    ScabiesSarcoptes scabiei
    SchistosomiasisSchistosoma genus
    Sepsismultiple
    Shigellosis (Bacillary dysentery)Shigella genus
    Shingles (Herpes zoster)Varicella zoster virus (VZV)
    Smallpox (Variola)Variola major or Variola minor
    SporotrichosisSporothrix schenckii
    Staphylococcal food poisoningStaphylococcus genus
    Staphylococcal infectionStaphylococcus genus
    StrongyloidiasisStrongyloides stercoralis
    SyphilisTreponema pallidum
    TaeniasisTaenia genus
    Tetanus (Lockjaw)Clostridium tetani
    Tinea barbae (Barber’s itch)usually Trichophyton genus
    Tinea capitis (Ringworm of the Scalp)usually Trichophyton tonsurans
    Tinea corporis (Ringworm of the Body)usually Trichophyton genus
    Tinea cruris (Jock itch)usually Epidermophyton floccosumTrichophyton rubrum, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes
    Tinea manuum (Ringworm of the Hand)Trichophyton rubrum
    Tinea nigrausually Hortaea werneckii
    Tinea pedis (Athlete’s foot)usually Trichophyton genus
    Tinea unguium (Onychomycosis)usually Trichophyton genus
    Tinea versicolor (Pityriasis versicolor)Malassezia genus
    Toxocariasis (Ocular Larva Migrans (OLM))Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati
    Toxocariasis (Visceral Larva Migrans (VLM))Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati
    ToxoplasmosisToxoplasma gondii
    TrichinellosisTrichinella spiralis
    TrichomoniasisTrichomonas vaginalis
    Trichuriasis (Whipworm infection)Trichuris trichiura
    Tuberculosisusually Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    TularemiaFrancisella tularensis
    Ureaplasma urealyticum infectionUreaplasma urealyticum
    Venezuelan equine encephalitisVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus
    Venezuelan hemorrhagic feverGuanarito virus
    Viral pneumoniamultiple viruses
    West Nile FeverWest Nile virus
    White piedra (Tinea blanca)Trichosporon beigelii
    Yersinia pseudotuberculosis infectionYersinia pseudotuberculosis
    YersiniosisYersinia enterocolitica
    Yellow feverYellow fever virus
    ZygomycosisMucorales order (Mucormycosis) and Entomophthorales order (Entomophthoramycosis)

    Mental illness, mood disorders, personality disorders

    Organic mental disorders, including symptomatic disorders
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Dementia in Alzheimer’s disease (G30)Alzheimer’s disease
    Vascular dementiaMultiinfarct dementia, subcortical arteriosclerotic encephalopathy, infarction
    Dementia in other classified diseasesPick disease (G31.0), Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (A81.0), Chorea Huntington (G10), Parkinson’s disease (G20), AIDS (B22)
    Unspecified dementia
    Organic amnestic syndrome, not caused by alcohol or other psychotropic substancesAmnesia, Korsakov Syndrome
    Delir, not caused by alcohol or other psychotropic substancesdelirium
    Other mental disorders due to brain damage or dysfunction or physical illnessOrganic Psychosyndrome, Hallucination
    Personality and behavioural disorder due to illness, damage or dysfunction of the brainFrontal brain syndrome, personality disorders
    Unspecified organic or symptomatic mental disorderpsychosis
    Mental and behavioral disorders related to the use of psychotropic substances
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by alcoholAlcohol-related illness, Korsakov syndrome
    Mental and behavioral disorders caused by opioidsopioid
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by cannabinoidsCannabinoids
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by sedatives or hypnoticsHarmful use of benzodiazepines, sedative, hypnotic, sleep aids
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by cocainecocaine
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by other stimulants, including caffeineStimulant, Caffeine
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by hallucinogensHallucinogen, Horror trip
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by tobaccotobacco
    Mental and behavioural disorders caused by volatile solvents
    Mental and behavioural disorders due to multiple substance use and use of other psychotropic substances
    descriptionNames of Complications (Additional to Encrypt * Code)
    Acute Intoxication [Acute Intoxication]intoxication
    Harmful use
    Dependency syndromeDependency syndrome
    Withdrawal syndrome
    Withdrawal syndrome with Delirdelirium
    Psychotic disorderSubstance-induced psychosis
    Amnestic syndromeKorsakov syndrome
    Schizophrenia, schizotype and delusional disorders
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    schizophreniaSchizophrenia, catatonia, hebephrene schizophrenia
    Schizotype DisorderSchizotypic personality disorder
    Persistent delusional disturbancesdelusion
    Acute transient psychotic disorderspsychosis
    Induced delusional disorderInduced delusional disorder
    Schizoaffective disordersSchizoaffective disorder
    Affective Disorders
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Manic episodeHypomania, Mania
    Bipolar affective disorderbipolar disorder
    Depressive Episodedepression
    Recurrent depressive disorderdepression
    Persistent mood disordersZyklothymia, Dysthymia
    Neurotic, Stress and Somatoform Disorders
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Phobic disordersAgoraphobia, Social Phobia, Acrophobia, Specific Phobia, Phobic Disorder, List of Phobic Disorders
    Other anxiety disordersPanic disorder, Generalized anxiety disorder, anxiety and depressive disorder (mixed), other anxiety disorders
    OCDObsessive compulsive disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, obsession
    Reactions to severe loads and adaptation disordersPost-traumatic stress disorder, Acute stress response, Adaptation disorder, Hospitalism
    Dissociative Disorders [Conversion Disorders]Fugue, Poriomania,Dromomania, Conversion Hysteria, Amnesia, Ganser Syndrome, Multiple Personality Disorder, Pseudodebility, Obsession, Conversion (Psychology)
    Somatoform disordersSomatoform disorder, somatoform pain disorder, briquet syndrome,psychogens: dysphagia, itching, bruxism, hyperventilation
    Other neurotic disordersNeurasthenia, Depersonalization, Derealization, Writing Spasms, Dhat Syndrome, Psychasthenia, Psychogenic Syncope (Medicine)
    Behavioural abnormalities with physical disorders and factors
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    eating disordersAnorexia nervosa, bulimia, binge eating, pica syndrome,
    Non-organic sleep disordersParasomniaPrimary Insomnia, Somnambulism, Pavor nocturnus
    Sexual dysfunction not caused by an organic disorder or diseaseSexual Appetenz Disorder, Hypersexuality, Nymphomania, Satyriasis, Psychogens /-er: Vaginismus, Anorgasmia and Hyporgasmia, Impotence, Dyspareunia
    Mental or behavioural disorders in the weekbed, not classified elsewherePostpartum mood crises
    Psychological or behavioural factors in other classified diseasesz.B. in asthma, ulcerative colitis, dermatitis, stomach ulcers, mucomembranous colitis , urticaria (hives)
    Harmful use of non-dependency-causing substancesdrug or drug abuse, abusus, addiction or dependence; Withdrawal syndrome, withdrawal symptoms
    Unspecified behavioural abnormalities in physical disorders and factors
    Personality and Behavioural Disorders
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Specific personality disordersparanoids, Schizoide, Borderline, Dissocial, Emotionally unstable, Histrionic, Anankatic (compulsive), Anxious (avoiding), Dependent (asthenic) and Other specific personality disorder (eccentric, baseless, narcissistic, passive-aggressive,psychoneurotic, immature)
    Combined and other personality disorders
    Persistent personality changes, not consequence of brain damage or diseaseComplex post-traumatic stress disorder
    Abnormal habits and disturbances of impulse controlPathological play, pyromania, kleptomania, trichotillomania
    Disorders of gender identityTranssexualism, transvestitism while retaining both sex roles
    Disorders of sexual preferencefetishism, fetishistic transvestitism, exhibitionism, voyeurism, paedophilia, sadomasochism,multiple disorders of sexual preference, other disorders of sexual preference(frotteurism, necrophilia)
    Mental and behavioural disorders associated with sexual development and orientationSexual Maturation Crisis, Ichdystone Sexual Orientation,Sexual Relationship Disorder
    Other personality and behavioural disordersDevelopment of physical symptoms for psychological reasons(retirement neurosis), artificial disorder
    Intelligence Reduction
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Light intelligence reduction
    Medium-grade intelligence reduction
    Heavy intelligence reduction
    Heaviest intelligence reduction
    Other intelligence reduction
    Unspecified intelligence reduction
    Developmental Disorders
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Described developmental disorders of speech and languageArticulation disorder (dyslaly), expressive speech disorder, prescription speech disorder, acquired aphasia with epilepsy (Landau-Kleffner syndrome)
    Described developmental disorders of school skillsReading and spelling disorder (dyslexia), Isolated spelling disorder, Numeracy disorder (dyscalculia), Combined disorders of school skills
    Described developmental disturbance of motor functionsDyspraxia
    Combined defined developmental disorders
    Deep developmental disordersEarly Childhood Autism, Atypical Autism, Rett Syndrome,Other Desintegrative Childhood Disorder(Heller’s Dementia),Overactive Disorder with Intelligence Reduction and Movement Stereotypes, Asperger’s Syndrome
    Other developmental disordersDevelopmental Agnosia (Agnosia)
    Behavioural and emotional disorders with the beginning of childhood and adolescence
    descriptionDiseases and further articles
    Hyperkinetic disordersSimple activity and attention disorder, hyperkinetic disturbance of social behavior
    Disorders of social behaviourDisturbance of social behaviour limited to the family context, disturbance of social behaviour in the absence of social ties, disturbance of social behaviour in existing social ties, disturbance of social behaviour with oppositional, rebellious behaviour
    Combined disturbance of social behaviour and emotionsDisorder of social behaviour with depressive disorder
    Emotional disorders of childhoodEmotional disorder with fear of separation of childhood (fear ofseparation),phobic disorder of childhood(phobic disorder),disorder with social anxiety of childhood(social phobia),emotional disorder with sibling rivalry (sibling rivalry),
    Disorders of social functions with the beginning of childhood and adolescenceElective mutism, reactive bonding disorder of childhood(binding disorder), binding disorder of childhood with inhibition
    Tic disordersTemporary Tic Disorder, Chronic Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder, Combined Vocal and Multiple Motor Tics(Tourette Syndrome))
    Other behavioural and emotional disorders with the beginning of childhood and adolescenceNon-organic enuresis, non-organic copresis, feeding disorder in early childhood, pica in childhood (Pica syndrome), stereotypemovement disorders (stereotyping (medicine)), stuttering [stems], buzzing,Other more specific behavioral and emotional disorders with onset in childhood and adolescence (nose drilling, onychophagia, thumb sucking)

    List of rare diseases

    Below is a list of conditions . A condition is the collective name for symptoms, syndromes, clinical signs, diseases, disabilities and injuries.

    A

    B

    C

    D

    E

    F

    G

    H

    I

    J

    K

    L

    M

    N

    O

    P

    Q

    R

    S

    T

    U

    V

    W

    Y

    Sources: PinterPandai, Health On the Net (NGO), Notice: Information in CleverlySmart.com is updated on a regular basis. It may happen that new discoveries are made in between updates and do not yet appear in the disease profile. The date of the last update is indicated. Professionals are always encouraged to consult the most recent publications before making any decisions based on the information provided. Information in CleverlySmart.com is not intended to replace professional health care. CleverlySmart.comcannot be held responsible for harmful, truncated or erroneous use of any information found in the CleverlySmart.com database.

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