New Technologies and All Fields Examples of New Era Technologies

New technologies

New Technologies

New Technologies designate highly evolving fields and various techniques, which can make relationships between people and with machines more accessible:

1. In the broad sense, all “high technology”;
2. In the narrow sense, new information and communication techniques (ICT) (Internet, Smartphone, Bluetooth protocol, etc.).

We are in the middle of the 4th industrial revolution and technology is changing faster than ever. Here are the most imminent trends everyone should prepare for new technologies:

Example of New Technologies

AI as a service

Artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the most transformative technological developments of our time. As highlighted in Bernard Marr’s book, Artificial Intelligence in Practice, most companies have started to explore ways to use AI to improve the customer experience and streamline their business operations. This will continue and as people become more accustomed to working with AI, designing and deploying our own AI-based systems will remain a costly proposition for most businesses.

For this reason, a large part of artificial intelligence applications will continue to be carried out via ‘as a service’ platform providers, which simply allows us to input our own data and pay for algorithms or computational resources. during their use.

Currently, these platforms, provided by companies like Amazon, Google, and Microsoft, tend to be quite broad in scope, with some (often expensive) custom engineering required to apply them to specific tasks an organization may require. We will see wider adoption and a growing number of vendors who may begin to offer applications and services more suited to specific or specialized tasks. So no business will have more excuses for not using AI.

Read also ? Behavioral Economics and How to Apply it to your Customer Relationship

5G data networks

The 5th generation of mobile internet connectivity is going to allow us super-fast download and upload speeds, as well as more stable connections. Although 5G mobile data networks first became available in 2019, they were mostly still expensive and could only operate in confined spaces or large cities. With more affordable data plans as well as vastly improved coverage, meaning everyone can enjoy it.

Lightning-fast data networks will not only give us the ability to stream movies and listen to music, in superior quality, even when we are on the move. The dramatically increased speeds will make mobile networks more usable than wired networks operating in our homes and businesses. Businesses need to consider the business implications of super-fast, stable, anywhere Internet access. With new technologies, the increased bandwidth will allow machines, robots and autonomous vehicles to collect and transfer more data than ever before, leading to advancements in the Internet of Things (Internet of Things, IoT ) and intelligent machines.

Autonomous driving

Even though we are not yet at the stage where we can expect to regularly travel in autonomous vehicles, or even see their emergence, they will undoubtedly continue to generate great enthusiasm.

Tesla chief Elon Musk said he expects his company to create a truly “complete” autonomous vehicle by the end of the year, and vehicles capable of operating with less range – like automated braking and lane changing – will become commonplace. In addition, other in-car systems not directly related to driving, such as safety and entertainment functions, will become increasingly automated and depend on data capture and analysis. Google’s sister company Waymo has just completed a trial of self-driving taxis in California.

Of course, it’s not just about cars, road and shipping will also become increasingly self-sufficient, and breakthroughs in this area.

With the development of autonomous driving technology, we will also hear more and more about actions taken by regulators, lawmakers and authorities. Changes to laws, existing infrastructure, and social attitudes will likely be necessary before autonomous driving becomes a practical reality for most of us. The autonomous driving debate is likely to spread outside the tech world, with more and more people questioning the idea that the question is not “if” but “when”, It will become a reality.

Personalized and predictive medicine

Technology is transforming healthcare at an unprecedented rate. The ability to collect data from portable devices such as smartwatches will allow us to increasingly predict and treat health problems in people before they even show symptoms.

When it comes to processing, we’ll see much more personalized approaches. There is also talk of precision medicine, which will allow doctors to more precisely prescribe drugs and apply treatments, thanks to a database that will help to see their likely effectiveness for a specific patient.

Thanks to recent technological advancements, especially in the fields of genomics and AI, this idea is not new, but it does allow us to better understand how the bodies of different people are more or less well equipped to fight. specific diseases, and whether they are likely to respond to different types of drugs or treatments.

With new technologies in predictive medicine, we will see new applications of predictive healthcare and the introduction of more personalized and effective treatments to ensure better outcomes for every patient.

Computer vision

In computational terms, “vision” involves systems capable of identifying elements, places, objects or people from visual images – those gathered by a camera or sensor. It is this technology that allows your smartphone’s camera to recognize which part of the image it captures is a face and feeds into technology such as Google Image Search.

We will see tools and technology with computer vision deployed for more and more uses. This is fundamental to how self-driving cars will be able to “see” and control danger. Production lines will use computer vision cameras to detect faulty products or equipment failures, and security cameras will be able to alert us to anything out of the ordinary, without the need for 24-hour monitoring, 7 days on 7.

With new technologies in computer vision also enables facial recognition. We have already seen how the technology allows to control access to our smartphones in the case of Apple FaceID and how the airport of Dubai uses it to offer the customer a more peaceful journey.


Relieve humans of low added value tasks or on the contrary increase their activities, whether they are electromechanical or a virtual agent, robots are always more efficient and autonomous. If the myth of the “job destroyer” is still very much present in some minds, the involvement of robots in the company’s value chain should be put into perspective with regard to the time they will free up for employees, allowing them to focus on what the robot itself can never bring: its creativity.

Extended reality

Extended Reality (or XR) is a broad term that covers several new and emerging technologies used to create more immersive digital experiences. More specifically, it refers to virtual, augmented and mixed reality. Virtual Reality (or VR) offers a fully digital immersive experience in which you step into a computer-generated world, using headsets that blend into the real world. Augmented Reality (AR) superimposes digital objects on the real world via smartphone screens (think Snapchat filters). Mixed Reality (or MR) is an extension of AR, which means that users can interact with digital objects placed in the real world (imagine playing on a holographic piano that you placed in room via AR headset).

These technologies have been around for a few years now, but they are largely confined to the entertainment world – with the Oculus Rift and Vive headsets currently providing the cutting edge in video game technology, and smartphone features such as camera filters and games in the style of Pokemon Go, are the most visible examples of AR.

With new technologies in virtual reality and augmented reality will increasingly be used for training and simulation, while offering new ways of interacting with customers.

Blockchain technology

Blockchain is a technological trend for storing and transmitting information without a controlling body. With new technologies in blockchain, they are essential in a digital ledger used to record transactions, but secure due to its encrypted and decentralized nature. In 2019, some commentators began to say that this technology was being over-promoted and perhaps less useful than expected. However, the continued investments by FedEx, IBM, Walmart and Mastercard in 2019 should start to pay off and, if they can prove their case, could quickly lead to increased adoption by smaller players.

Examples of New Era Technologies (Emerging Technology)


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
Agricultural roboticsResearch and development, trial projectsAgricultural drone
Closed ecological systemsResearch and development, working demonstrators (e.g. Biosphere 2)Agriculture, scientific research, space colonizationGreenhouse, Biosphere 2, Eden Project, Bioshelter, Seawater greenhouse, Perpetual harvest greenhouse system
Cultured meatResearch and developmentHumane, resource-efficient, healthier and cheaper meatNew Harvest
Vertical farmingResearch, development, experiments, and diffusionCrop and meat production


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
Neural-sensing headset (trans-cranial neural sensing and characterization).Research and developmentAssisting pilotsBrain–computer interface, neuroprosthetics
Ion driveIn useSpacecraft propulsion
Plasma propulsion enginesResearch and developmentSpacecraft propulsion
Automatic Visual Inspection of AircraftResearch and development, prototypesAircraft maintenance, repair and operationsAirbus, Donecle, HAL, A*STAR


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
ClaytronicsHypothetical, experiment
Four-dimensional printingResearch and development
Molecular assemblerHypothetical, experimentReplicator (Star Trek), Von Neumann universal constructor
Utility fogHypothetical, experiment


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
ArcologyResearch, development, commercialization
Domed cityIn progress in Dubai Mall of the World project that is being scaled downWeather-controlled city, colonization of other bodies

Materials and textile science

Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
AerogelHypothetical, experiments, diffusion, early usesImproved insulation, insulative glass if it can be made clear, sleeves for oil pipelines, aerospace, high-heat & extreme cold applications
Amorphous metalExperimentsArmor
BioplasticSome products developedRecyclable packaging and single-use items
Conductive polymersResearch, experiments, prototypesLighter and cheaper wires, antistatic materials, organic solar cellsJacquard weaving style
Cryogenic treatmentResearch, experiments, prototypesOil and gas Blowout preventers (BOP), jet engines, power turbines, locomotives, electric vehicles, gears and bearings
Dynamic ArmorPrototypesBetter protection for ships from shaped charge weapons
FullereneExperiments, diffusionProgrammable matter
GrapheneHypothetical, experiments, diffusion, early usesComponents with higher strength to weight ratios, transistors that operate at higher frequency, lower cost of display screens in mobile devices, storing hydrogen for fuel cell powered cars, sensors to diagnose diseases, more efficient batteries
Lab-on-a-chipSome commercialization
High-temperature superconductivityCryogenic receiver front-end (CRFE) RF and microwave filter systems for mobile phone base stations; prototypes in dry ice; Hypothetical and experiments for higher temperaturesNo loss conductors, frictionless bearings, magnetic levitation, lossless high-capacity accumulators, electric cars, heat-free integral circuits and processors
Magnetic nanoparticlesIn development
Magnetorheological fluiddeveloped and researchedMagnetorheological damper heavy motor damping, operator seat/cab damping in construction vehicles, seismic dampers positioned in building absorbing detrimental shock waves and oscillations within the structure making them earthquake-proof, enhance body armour fluid bullet resistant, Humvees, and various other all-terrain vehicles employ dynamic MR shock absorbers/dampers. Magnetorheological finishing was used in the construction of the Hubble Space Telescope’s corrective lens, shock absorbers of a vehicle’s suspension are filled with magnetorheological fluid.Electrorheological fluid
High-temperature superfluiditySuperfluid gyroscopes already exist but work at very low temperaturesHigh-precision measure of gravity, navigation and maneuver devices, possible devices to emit gravitomagnetic field, frictionless mechanical devices
MetamaterialsHypothetical, experiments, diffusionMicroscopes, cameras, metamaterial cloaking, cloaking devices
Metal foamResearch, commercializationSpace colonies, floating cities
Multi-function structuresHypothetical, experiments, some prototypes, few commercialWide range, e.g., self health monitoring, self healing material, morphing
Nanomaterials: carbon nanotubesHypothetical, experiments, diffusion, early usesStronger, lighter materials, space elevatorPotential applications of carbon nanotubes, carbon fiber
Programmable matterHypothetical, experimentsWide range, e.g., claytronics, synthetic biology
Quantum dotsResearch, experiments, prototypes, commercializedQuantum dot laser, quantum dot display, future use as programmable matter in display technologies (TV, projection), optical data communications (high-speed data transmission), medicine (laser scalpel)
SiliceneHypothetical, research
SuperalloyResearch, diffusionAircraft jet engines
Synthetic diamondResearch, commercializationElectronics
Time crystalsResearch experimentsQuantum computers with stable qubits
Translucent concreteCommercializationConstruction of skyscrapers, towers, and sculptures like Europe Gate
Hypereutectic alloyResearch, commercializationMetalsHypereutectic piston
Super-plastic alloyResearch, commercializationMetalsSuperplasticity


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
Drone displayIn useArtistic uses, advertisingSwarm robotics
Flexible displayResearch, In useDisplays over curved surfaces, Electronic scrolls, Wearable technologyElectronic Paper
3D displays, Volumetric displayResearch, Working prototypes, commercializationTelevision, computer interfaces, cinemas, 3-dimensional imageryAutostereoscopic display, stereoscopic display, volumetric display, Holographic display, Light Field display, Nintendo 3DS, Swept-volume display
Laser video displaysfirst commercial Laser TV in 2008, Mitsubishi LaserVue TVDisplays with very wide colour gamutLaser TV, Comparison of display technology
Holography (holographic display, computer-generated holography)Diffusion
Optical transistorSome prototypes
Screenless display (Virtual retinal display, Bionic contact lens, Augmented reality, virtual reality)Hypothetical, experimentsAugmented reality could allow the user to reference the blue prints like in a construction yard, in a 3D manner; Delivers the user constant up to date information on the stock market, the user’s corporation, and meeting statuses, visual disabilitiesHead-mounted display, Head-up display, adaptive optics, EyeTap, Google Glass, Microsoft HoloLens, AR cloud


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
Digital scent technologyDiffusionSmell-O-Vision, iSmell
Electronic noseResearch, commercializationDetecting spoiled food, chemical weapons and cancer
E-textilesResearch, diffusion
Flexible electronicsCommercialization, research, development, some prototypesFlexible and folding electronic devices (such as smartphones), Flexible solar cells which are lightweight, can be rolled up for launch, and are easily deployableNokia Morph, Flexible organic light-emitting diode
MemristorWorking prototypeSmaller, faster, lower power consuming storage, analogue electronics, programmable logic, signal processing, neural networks, control systems, reconfigurable computing, brain-computer interfaces and RFID, pattern recognition
Molecular electronicsResearch and development
Nanoelectromechanical systemsResearch and development
Solid-state transformerIn development, some prototypes
SpintronicsWorking prototypesData storage, computing devicesMRAM
Thermal copper pillar bumpWorking prototypes in discrete devicesElectric circuit cooling; micro-fluidic actuators; small-device thermoelectric power generationUltra high definition holographic disc, Metal–insulator transition
Three-dimensional integrated circuitIn development, commercialisedMemory and data processing
TwistronicsIn development


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
Airborne wind turbineResearchProducing electricityKiteGen
Americium batteryEstimated of working battery in 5–10 years from 2019.
Artificial photosynthesisResearch, experiments growing interest in a macroscience global projectImprove natural photosynthesis, so roads buildings and vehicles convert sunlight and water into hydrogen and carbon dioxide into carbohydratesSustainocene, Renewable energy, Nanotechnology
Concentrated solar powerGrowing markets in California, Spain, Northern AfricaProducing electricityDESERTEC, BrightSource Energy, Solar Millennium
Cryogenic treatmentSubsea and deep water oil and gas exploration; wind and fossil fuel electric power generation, nuclear powerOil and gas blowout preventers (BOP), jet engines, power turbines, locomotives, electric vehicles, gears and bearings
Electric double-layer capacitorDiffusion, continued developmentRegenerative braking; energy storage: generally faster charging, longer lasting, more flexible, greener
Energy harvestingExperimentsConstant energy source for mobile, wearable and ubiquitous devicesHumavox
Flywheel energy storageSome commercial examples
Fusion powerResearch, experimentsProducing electricity, heat, fusion torch recycling with waste heatITER, NIF, Wendelstein 7-X, Magnetic confinement fusion, Dense plasma focus, Muon-catalyzed fusion
Generation IV reactorResearch, experimentsProducing electricity, heat, transmutation of nuclear waste stockpiles from traditional reactors
Gravity batterySmall-scale examples
Grid energy storageIncreasing use
Home fuel cellResearch, commercialisationOff-the-grid, producing electricityAutonomous building, Bloom Energy Server
Lithium-air batteryResearch, experimentsLaptops, mobile phones, long-range electric cars; storing energy for electric grid
Lithium iron phosphate batteryCommercialization
Lithium–sulfur batteryResearch and development
Magnesium batteryEarly commercialization
MagnonicsResearchData storage
Molten salt reactorResearch, experimentsProducing electricity, heat
Nanowire batteryExperiments, prototypesLaptops, mobile phones, long-range electric cars; storing energy for electric grid
NantennaResearchProducing electricity
Ocean thermal energy conversionPrototype
Solid-state batteryNiche usesHybrid cars
Smart gridResearch, diffusionSmart meter, SuperSmart Grid
Space-based solar powerHypothetical
Thorium fuel cycleResearch started in the 1960s, still ongoingProducing electricity, heat
Vortex enginePower generation.
Wireless energy transferPrototypes, diffusion, short range consumer productsWirelessly powered equipment: laptop, cell phones, electric cars, etc.WiTricity, resonant inductive coupling
Zero-energy buildingExpansionAll homesPassive house


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
Computer-generated imageryDevelopingFilms, photosDeepfake, StyleGAN, DeepDream
Immersive virtual realityHypothetical, limited commercializationAn artificial environment where the user feels just as immersed as they usually feel in consensus reality.Virtusphere, 3rd Space Vest, haptic suit, immersive technology, simulated reality, holodeck (fictional)
Ultra-high-definition televisionCommercialized

IT and communications

Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
5G cellular communicationsDiffusionMobile phones, Tablets
6G cellular communicationsConceptualMobile phones
Ambient intelligenceHypothetical
Artificial brainResearchTreatment of neurological disease, artificial intelligenceBlue Brain Project, Human Brain Project
Artificial general intelligenceHypothetical, experiments;Creating intelligent devices and robots; AI can counsel (or even take charge) in scientific projects, government, army, corporate governance, film and books creation, inventions etc.Progress in artificial intelligence, technological singularity, applications of artificial intelligence
Augmented realityDiffusionGoogle Glass, Windows Mixed Reality, Microsoft HoloLens, Mixed reality, Smartglasses, Pokémon Go
Blockchain or distributed ledger technologyDiffusionEliminating or lowering transaction costs; distributed, open and transparent record keeping; non-hierarchical networked systems; cryptographyBitcoin, Digital currency, Cryptocurrency, e-democracy
Carbon nanotube field-effect transistorResearch and developmentExtending Moore’s law
Civic technologyResearch and development, projectsSmart cities, more responsive governmentCivic technology, Smart city, e-democracy, open data, intelligent environment
CryptocurrencyDiffusionMoney supply, World reserve currencyBitcoin, Digital currency
DNA digital data storageExperimentsMass data storage
Exascale computingProjects
Gesture recognitionDiffusion
Internet of ThingsDiffusion
Emerging memory technologiesIn developmentT-RAM, memristor, Z-RAM, TTRAM, CBRAM, SONOS, RRAM, Racetrack memory, NRAM, Phase-change memory, FJG RAM, Millipede memory, Skyrmion, Programmable metallization cell, 3D XPoint, Ferroelectric RAM, Magnetoresistive random-access memory, nvSRAM
Emerging magnetic data storage technologiesIn development (HAMR, BPM); diffusion (SMR)Greatly improved storage density compared to current HDDs, can be combinedSMR, HAMR, BPM, MAMR, TDMR, CPP/GMR, PMR, Hard disk drive
Fourth-generation optical discs (3D optical data storage, Holographic data storage)Research, prototypingStoring and archiving data previously erased for economic reasonsBlu-ray Disc, Optical storage
General-purpose computing on graphics processing unitsDiffusion of non standardized methodsOrder of magnitude faster processing of parallelizable algorithms
ExocortexDiffusion of primitive amplifications; working prototypes of more; Hypothetical, experiments on more substantial amplification
Li-FiDemos, requires standardization
Machine translationDiffusionEasier and cheaper cross-cultural communication
Machine visionResearch, prototyping, commercializationBiometrics, controlling processes (e.g., in driverless car, automated guided vehicle), detecting events (e.g., in visual surveillance), interaction (e.g., in human-computer interaction), robot visionComputer vision, pattern recognition, digital image processing
Mobile collaboration and e-learningDevelopment, commercializationExtends the capabilities of video conferencing for use on hand-held mobile devices in real-time over secure networks. For use in diverse industries such as manufacturing, energy, healthcare. Telework
Multimodal contactless biometric face/iris systemsDeployed at various airports and federal security checkpointsUnimodal facial recognition scanners
NanoradioResearch & Development, diffusion
Navigation Doppler lidarUnder development
Neuromorphic engineeringResearch & development
Optical computingHypothetical, experiments; some components of integrated circuits have been developedSmaller, faster, lower power consuming computing
Quantum computingHypothetical, experiments, commercializationMuch faster computing, for some kinds of problems, chemical modeling, new materials with programmed properties, Hypothetical of high-temperature superconductivity and superfluidity
Quantum cryptographyCommercializationSecure communications
Quantum radarPrototypes
Radio-frequency identificationDiffusion of high costSmartstores – RFID based self checkout (keeping track of all incoming and outgoing products), food packaging, smart shelves, smart carts. See: potential uses
Semantic Web or answer machineResearch, limited useMaking the web machine-readable by annotating data on the web based on its meaningCorporate Semantic Web, Semantic Web Services, Semantic Web Stack, Web 3.0
Smart speakerCommercializationHome automation, communication with people and machinesAmazon Echo, Google Home, HomePod
Software-defined radioDevelopment, commercializationCognitive radio, Mesh networks, Software defined antennaGNU Radio, List of software-defined radios, Universal Software Radio Peripheral
Speech recognitionResearch, development, commercialization
Subvocal recognitionResearch, development, commercialization
Virtual RealityDiffusionEntertainment, educationOculus Rift, HTC Vive, PlayStation VR
X-ray communicationDemonstrations 
Hybrid forensicsResearch, commercializationdigital forensics, electronic discovery, malware detection, IT compliance


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
Artificial uterusHypothetical, researchspace travel, extracorporeal pregnancy, Reprogenetics, same-sex procreation
Body implants, prosthesisTrials, from animal (e.g., brain implants) to human clinical (e.g., insulin pump implant), to commercial production (e.g. pacemaker, joint replacement, cochlear implant)Brain implant, retinal implantProsthetics, prosthetics in fiction, cyborg
CryonicsHypothetical, research, commercialization (e.g. Cryonics Institute)Life extension
De-extinctionResearch, development, trialsAnimal husbandry, pets, zoosRecreating the woolly mammoth species
Human DNA vaccinationClinical trials
EnzybioticsSuccessful first trials
Genetic engineering of organisms and virusesResearch, development, commercializationCreating and modifying species (mainly improving their physical and mental capabilities), bio-machines, eliminating genetic disorders (gene therapy), new materials production, healthier and cheaper food, creating drugs and vaccines, research in natural sciences, bioremediation, detecting arsenic, CO2 reducing superplantBiopunk, Genetically modified food, superhuman, human enhancement, transhumanism, gene doping, designer baby, genetic pollution
Hibernation or suspended animationResearch, development, animal trialsOrgan transplantation, space travel, prolonged surgery, emergency care
Life extension, Strategies for Engineered Negligible SenescenceResearch, experiments, animal testingIncreased life spansImmortality, biological immortality
NanomedicineResearch, experiments, limited use
NanosensorsResearch and development
Omni ProcessorResearch and development; some prototypes
Oncolytic virusHuman trials (Talimogene laherparepvec, reolysin, JX-594), commercialisation (H101)Cancer therapy, imagingOncolytic virus
Personalized medicine, full genome sequencingResearch, experimentsPersonalized medical procedures, genome sequencing during drug trialsPersonal genomics
Phage therapyFirst trial uses
Plantibodyclinical trials
Regenerative medicineSome laboratory trialsLife extension
Robotic surgeryResearch, diffusion
SenolyticUnder investigation
Stem cell treatmentsResearch, experiments, phase I human trial spinal cord injury treatment (GERON), cultured cornea transplantsTreatment for a wide range of diseases and injuriesStem cell, stem cell treatments, Skin cell gun
Synthetic biology, synthetic genomicsResearch, development, first synthetic bacteria created May 2010Creating infinitely scalable production processes based on programmable species of bacteria and other life formsBioBrick, iGEM, synthetic genomics
Tissue engineeringResearch, diffusionOrgan printing, Tooth regeneration
TricorderResearch and developmentDiagnosing medical conditionsMedical tricorder
VirotherapyResearch, human trialsGene therapy, cancer therapyVirotherapy, Oncolytic Virus
Vitrification or cryoprotectantHypothetical, some experimentsOrgan transplantation, cryonics


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
Brain-computer interfaceResearch and commercializationFaster communication and learning and “more real” entertainment (generation of feelings and information in brain on-demand). Control emotions in the mentally illExperience machine, Neuralink, Stent-electrode recording array
Brain-reading, NeuroinformaticsResearch
ElectroencephalographyResearch, diffusionControlling electronic devices via brain wavesBrainGate
Head transplantSuccess in animal experiments, including 2-headed result; human surgery as early as 2019Treat debilitating disease or horrible disfigurementBrain transplant, hand transplantation, organ transplantation
NeuroprostheticsVisual prosthesis, brain implant, exocortex, retinal implant, neurograin
SonogeneticsResearch; experimentation


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
Caseless ammunitionField tests and some niche marketsWarfareLightweight Small Arms Technologies
Cloaking deviceSuccessful experiments cloaking small objects under some conditionsCloaking microscope tips at optical frequenciesMetamaterial cloaking
Directed energy weaponResearch, development, some prototypesWarfareLaser Weapon System
ElectrolaserResearch and development
Electromagnetic weaponsResearch and developmentWarfareCoilgun, Railgun
Electrothermal-chemical technologyResearch and developmentTank, artillery, and close-in weapon systems
Force fieldHypothetical, experimentsMilitary and law enforcement, space travelPlasma window
Green bulletDevelopmentEnvironment-friendly ammunition
Hypersonic cruise missileIn developmentGlide vehicles and cruise missiles that can go 5 times the speed of sound or more.Avangard, Kinzhal, Zircon, BrahMos-II, Prompt Global Strike, DARPA Falcon Project, DF-ZF, Boeing X-51 Waverider
Laser weaponResearch and development, trialsTracking and destruction of rockets, bombs, drones etc.Advanced Tactical Laser, High Energy Liquid Laser Area Defense System
MAHEMResearch, In developmentAn alternative formed penetrator that could replace self-forging explosives with molten metal to penetrate enemy armor.Explosively pumped flux compression generator
Particle-beam weaponHypotheticalStrategic Defense Initiative
Plasma weaponHypothetical
Precision-guided firearmResearch and developmentWarfareEXACTO, Smart bullet
Pure fusion weaponHypothetical
Sonic weaponResearch, Development, CommercializationA weapon that can be used to either disorient, incapacitate, or kill an adversary through sound, infrasound, or ultrasound.Long Range Acoustic Device
Stealth technologyResearch and developmentElectronic countermeasuresPlasma stealth, Stealth aircraft, Radar-absorbent material
Telescoped ammunitionResearch and developmentA type of ammunition that envelopes a bullet with powder charge and encases it in a cartridge.
Lightweight Small Arms Technologies ProgramResearch and developmentWarfarelethal autonomous weapon


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
Artificial gravityResearch and developmentSpace Travel
Asteroid miningHypothetical, NASA has announced plans to capture and redirect an asteroid.Commerce, resource supply
StarshotResearchUncrewed interstellar probes
Stasis ChamberExperimental, Research and developmentInterplanetary space travel, interstellar space travel, medical
Solar gravitational lensHypotheticalDeep space observationFOCAL
Inflatable space habitatDeveloped, prototypes built and testedSpace habitatsBigelow Aerospace
Miniaturized satelliteDevelopment, early commercialization, diffusionInexpensive satellites, constellations for low data rate communications, using formations to gather data from multiple points, in-orbit inspection of larger satellites.
Reusable rocket technology for orbital rocketsSeveral companies, including Blue Origin and SpaceX, are developing the technologies.Expendable launch vehicles may become cost prohibitive except for national government or military missions.New Glenn, SpaceX Starship


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
Android, gynoidResearch, development, prototypes, diffusion, commercializingDisabled, infant and older people care, housekeeping, sex-worker, flight-attendant, model, hostess, waiter, security guard
GastrobotSome prototypes
Molecular nanotechnology, nanoroboticsHypothetical, experimentsMachines (desktop, industrial) that can make anything given the materials (e.g. Rotimatic), cheap planetary terraforming
Powered exoskeletonResearch, development, prototypes, diffusion, commercializingHeavy lifting, paralysis, muscle related diseases, warfare, construction, firefighting, care for the elderly and disabled.LOPES (exoskeleton), ReWalk, Human Universal Load Carrier, fictional armor Iron Man’s armor, Future Force Warrior
Self-reconfiguring modular robotHypothetical, experiments, early prototypesAs a universal physical machine, SRCMR may change the way we make many physical structures and machinesRobot, swarm robotics, autonomous research robot
Swarm roboticsHypothetical, experimentsAutonomous construction, space constructionSwarm intelligence, autonomous robotics, nanorobotics, particle swarm optimization, multi-agent systems, behavior-based robotics
Unmanned vehicleResearch and development, diffusion, commercialTransport of goods (e.g. food), mass surveillance, eavesdropping, oceanography, commercial aerial livestock monitoring, wildfire mapping, pipeline security, home security, road patrol and anti-piracy, patrol the nation’s borders, scout property, and hunt down fugitives, oil, gas and mineral exploration and production, geophysical surveys, geomagnetic surveys, scientific research in areas too dangerous for pilots like a hurricane tornado hunter, firefighting, military operations and peacekeeping operations, search and rescue, explosives and bomb disposal, gatekeeper and checkpoint operations, urban street presence, police raids in urban settings.Unmanned aerial vehicle, AeroVironment, AeroVironment Global Observer, AeroVironment Nano Hummingbird, Unmanned combat air vehicle, ground vehicle,  space vehicle, surface vehicle, underwater vehicle, Autonomous underwater vehicle


Emerging technologyStatusPotential applicationsRelated articles
Airless tireResearch, development, early prototypesSafer tiresTweel
Alternative fuel vehicleCommercialization, diffusionReducing air pollution, decreasing oil consumption thereby ensuring a high focus in renewable energyElectric vehicle, Hydrogen vehicle, Compressed air vehicle
Autonomous Rail Rapid TransitCommercialization, diffusionReducing air pollution, decreasing oil consumptionElectric vehicle
Beam-powered propulsionHypotheticalLaser propulsion
Driverless carEmerging, testingReducing concerns of tiredness while driving and also looking outside in the car. Helpful in countries where employment of personal drivers is expensive.Waymo
Electro hydrodynamic propulsionResearch, development, prototypesBetter flying transportation, efficient propulsion in airElectrohydrodynamics
Flexible wings (X-53 Active Aeroelastic Wing, Adaptive Compliant Wing), fluidic flight controlsExperiments, prototypesControlling aircraft, shipsAircraft flight control system, BAE Systems Demon, fluidics
Flying carEarly commercialization, prototypesMore effective transportationTerrafugia Transition, Moller M400 Skycar, Urban Aeronautics X-Hawk, AeroMobil
Fusion rocketResearch, developmentFast interplanetary travel, with limited Interstellar applications
HoverbikeWorking prototypes, early commercializationPackage delivery, search and rescue
Hovertrain, Ground effect trainResearch, developmentTrains with higher speedAérotrain, Duke Hospital PRT, Hovercraft
High Altitude PlatformsExperimentationCommunications
Jet pack or backpack helicopterEarly commercialization, prototypesMore effective transportation
Maglev train, VactrainResearch, early commercializationTrains with higher speedTransrapid, Shanghai Maglev Train, Linimo
Magnetic levitationResearch, development, Commercialization (Maglev Train)High temperature superconductivity, cryogenics, low temperature refrigerators, superconducting magnet design and construction, fiber reinforced plastics for vehicles and structural concretes, communication and high power solid-state controls, vehicle design (aerodynamics and noise mitigation), precision manufacturing, construction and fabrication of concrete structures, maglev car, maglev based spacecraft launchVactrain, Levicar
Mass driverPrototypes
Nuclear photonic rocketHypotheticalInterplanetary travel
Personal rapid transitEarly commercialization, diffusionMore effective transportationMorgantown PRT, ULTra
Photon rocketHypotheticalLocal interstellar travel
Photonic laser thrusterPrototypes
Physical InternetResearch
Scooter-sharing systemCommercializationIncreased densityBird (company)
VactrainResearch, developmentFaster way to get somewhereET3 Global Alliance, Hyperloop
Propellant depotResearch, developmentenabling deep-space missions with more massive payloads, satellite life extension, ultimately lowering the cost per kg launched to space
Pulse detonation engineTestbed demosFast interplanetary travel, with some possible interstellar travel applications
Reusable launch systemResearch, early commercializationSurface-to-orbit transportFalcon 9, Falcon Heavy, SpaceX Starship, New Glenn
Self-driving carResearch,development, early commercializationComputer-driven vehicles,more effective transportation
Space elevatorResearch, developmentNon-rocket spacelaunch, Orbital ring, Sky hook, Space fountain
SpaceplaneResearch, developmentHypersonic transportA2, Skylon
Supersonic transportCommercialization, diffusionAirliner with higher speedConcorde, Tupolev Tu-144
Vehicular communication systemsResearch and development, some diffusionVehicle safety obstacle inform others warnings on entering intersections, traffic management, accommodating ambulances, fire trucks, and police cars to a specific situation such as hot pursuits and bad weather, driver assistance systems, automated highways.Artificial Passenger, Dedicated short-range communications, Intelligent transportation system

Source: PinterPandai, Wikipedia

Photo credit: Pixabay

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