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New Technologies and All Fields Examples of New Era Technologies

New technologies

New Technologies and All Fields Examples of New Era Technologies

New Technologies

New Technologies designate highly evolving fields and various techniques, which can make relationships between people and with machines more accessible:

1. In the broad sense, all “high technology”;
2. In the narrow sense, new information and communication techniques (ICT) (Internet, Smartphone, Bluetooth protocol, etc.).

We are in the middle of the 4th industrial revolution and technology is changing faster than ever. Here are the most imminent trends everyone should prepare for new technologies:

Example of New Technologies

AI as a service

Artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the most transformative technological developments of our time. As highlighted in Bernard Marr’s book, Artificial Intelligence in Practice, most companies have started to explore ways to use AI to improve the customer experience and streamline their business operations. This will continue and as people become more accustomed to working with AI, designing and deploying our own AI-based systems will remain a costly proposition for most businesses.

For this reason, a large part of artificial intelligence applications will continue to be carried out via ‘as a service’ platform providers, which simply allows us to input our own data and pay for algorithms or computational resources. during their use.

Currently, these platforms, provided by companies like Amazon, Google, and Microsoft, tend to be quite broad in scope, with some (often expensive) custom engineering required to apply them to specific tasks an organization may require. We will see wider adoption and a growing number of vendors who may begin to offer applications and services more suited to specific or specialized tasks. So no business will have more excuses for not using AI.

Read also ? Behavioral Economics and How to Apply it to your Customer Relationship

5G data networks

The 5th generation of mobile internet connectivity is going to allow us super-fast download and upload speeds, as well as more stable connections. Although 5G mobile data networks first became available in 2019, they were mostly still expensive and could only operate in confined spaces or large cities. With more affordable data plans as well as vastly improved coverage, meaning everyone can enjoy it.

Lightning-fast data networks will not only give us the ability to stream movies and listen to music, in superior quality, even when we are on the move. The dramatically increased speeds will make mobile networks more usable than wired networks operating in our homes and businesses. Businesses need to consider the business implications of super-fast, stable, anywhere Internet access. With new technologies, the increased bandwidth will allow machines, robots and autonomous vehicles to collect and transfer more data than ever before, leading to advancements in the Internet of Things (Internet of Things, IoT ) and intelligent machines.

Autonomous driving

Even though we are not yet at the stage where we can expect to regularly travel in autonomous vehicles, or even see their emergence, they will undoubtedly continue to generate great enthusiasm.

Tesla chief Elon Musk said he expects his company to create a truly “complete” autonomous vehicle by the end of the year, and vehicles capable of operating with less range – like automated braking and lane changing – will become commonplace. In addition, other in-car systems not directly related to driving, such as safety and entertainment functions, will become increasingly automated and depend on data capture and analysis. Google’s sister company Waymo has just completed a trial of self-driving taxis in California.

Of course, it’s not just about cars, road and shipping will also become increasingly self-sufficient, and breakthroughs in this area.

With the development of autonomous driving technology, we will also hear more and more about actions taken by regulators, lawmakers and authorities. Changes to laws, existing infrastructure, and social attitudes will likely be necessary before autonomous driving becomes a practical reality for most of us. The autonomous driving debate is likely to spread outside the tech world, with more and more people questioning the idea that the question is not “if” but “when”, It will become a reality.

Personalized and predictive medicine

Technology is transforming healthcare at an unprecedented rate. The ability to collect data from portable devices such as smartwatches will allow us to increasingly predict and treat health problems in people before they even show symptoms.

When it comes to processing, we’ll see much more personalized approaches. There is also talk of precision medicine, which will allow doctors to more precisely prescribe drugs and apply treatments, thanks to a database that will help to see their likely effectiveness for a specific patient.

Thanks to recent technological advancements, especially in the fields of genomics and AI, this idea is not new, but it does allow us to better understand how the bodies of different people are more or less well equipped to fight. specific diseases, and whether they are likely to respond to different types of drugs or treatments.

With new technologies in predictive medicine, we will see new applications of predictive healthcare and the introduction of more personalized and effective treatments to ensure better outcomes for every patient.

Computer vision

In computational terms, “vision” involves systems capable of identifying elements, places, objects or people from visual images – those gathered by a camera or sensor. It is this technology that allows your smartphone’s camera to recognize which part of the image it captures is a face and feeds into technology such as Google Image Search.

We will see tools and technology with computer vision deployed for more and more uses. This is fundamental to how self-driving cars will be able to “see” and control danger. Production lines will use computer vision cameras to detect faulty products or equipment failures, and security cameras will be able to alert us to anything out of the ordinary, without the need for 24-hour monitoring, 7 days on 7.

With new technologies in computer vision also enables facial recognition. We have already seen how the technology allows to control access to our smartphones in the case of Apple FaceID and how the airport of Dubai uses it to offer the customer a more peaceful journey.


Relieve humans of low added value tasks or on the contrary increase their activities, whether they are electromechanical or a virtual agent, robots are always more efficient and autonomous. If the myth of the “job destroyer” is still very much present in some minds, the involvement of robots in the company’s value chain should be put into perspective with regard to the time they will free up for employees, allowing them to focus on what the robot itself can never bring: its creativity.

Extended reality

Extended Reality (or XR) is a broad term that covers several new and emerging technologies used to create more immersive digital experiences. More specifically, it refers to virtual, augmented and mixed reality. Virtual Reality (or VR) offers a fully digital immersive experience in which you step into a computer-generated world, using headsets that blend into the real world. Augmented Reality (AR) superimposes digital objects on the real world via smartphone screens (think Snapchat filters). Mixed Reality (or MR) is an extension of AR, which means that users can interact with digital objects placed in the real world (imagine playing on a holographic piano that you placed in room via AR headset).

These technologies have been around for a few years now, but they are largely confined to the entertainment world – with the Oculus Rift and Vive headsets currently providing the cutting edge in video game technology, and smartphone features such as camera filters and games in the style of Pokemon Go, are the most visible examples of AR.

With new technologies in virtual reality and augmented reality will increasingly be used for training and simulation, while offering new ways of interacting with customers.

Blockchain technology

Blockchain is a technological trend for storing and transmitting information without a controlling body. With new technologies in blockchain, they are essential in a digital ledger used to record transactions, but secure due to its encrypted and decentralized nature. In 2019, some commentators began to say that this technology was being over-promoted and perhaps less useful than expected. However, the continued investments by FedEx, IBM, Walmart and Mastercard in 2019 should start to pay off and, if they can prove their case, could quickly lead to increased adoption by smaller players.

Examples of New Era Technologies (Emerging Technology)


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Agricultural robotics Research and development, trial projects Agricultural drone
Closed ecological systems Research and development, working demonstrators (e.g. Biosphere 2) Agriculture, scientific research, space colonization Greenhouse, Biosphere 2, Eden Project, Bioshelter, Seawater greenhouse, Perpetual harvest greenhouse system
Cultured meat Research and development Humane, resource-efficient, healthier and cheaper meat New Harvest
Vertical farming Research, development, experiments, and diffusion Crop and meat production


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Neural-sensing headset (trans-cranial neural sensing and characterization). Research and development Assisting pilots Brain–computer interface, neuroprosthetics
Ion drive In use Spacecraft propulsion
Plasma propulsion engines Research and development Spacecraft propulsion
Automatic Visual Inspection of Aircraft Research and development, prototypes Aircraft maintenance, repair and operations Airbus, Donecle, HAL, A*STAR


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Claytronics Hypothetical, experiment
Four-dimensional printing Research and development
Molecular assembler Hypothetical, experiment Replicator (Star Trek), Von Neumann universal constructor
Utility fog Hypothetical, experiment


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Arcology Research, development, commercialization
Domed city In progress in Dubai Mall of the World project that is being scaled down Weather-controlled city, colonization of other bodies

Materials and textile science

Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Aerogel Hypothetical, experiments, diffusion, early uses Improved insulation, insulative glass if it can be made clear, sleeves for oil pipelines, aerospace, high-heat & extreme cold applications
Amorphous metal Experiments Armor
Bioplastic Some products developed Recyclable packaging and single-use items
Conductive polymers Research, experiments, prototypes Lighter and cheaper wires, antistatic materials, organic solar cells Jacquard weaving style
Cryogenic treatment Research, experiments, prototypes Oil and gas Blowout preventers (BOP), jet engines, power turbines, locomotives, electric vehicles, gears and bearings
Dynamic Armor Prototypes Better protection for ships from shaped charge weapons
Fullerene Experiments, diffusion Programmable matter
Graphene Hypothetical, experiments, diffusion, early uses Components with higher strength to weight ratios, transistors that operate at higher frequency, lower cost of display screens in mobile devices, storing hydrogen for fuel cell powered cars, sensors to diagnose diseases, more efficient batteries
Lab-on-a-chip Some commercialization
High-temperature superconductivity Cryogenic receiver front-end (CRFE) RF and microwave filter systems for mobile phone base stations; prototypes in dry ice; Hypothetical and experiments for higher temperatures No loss conductors, frictionless bearings, magnetic levitation, lossless high-capacity accumulators, electric cars, heat-free integral circuits and processors
Magnetic nanoparticles In development
Magnetorheological fluid developed and researched Magnetorheological damper heavy motor damping, operator seat/cab damping in construction vehicles, seismic dampers positioned in building absorbing detrimental shock waves and oscillations within the structure making them earthquake-proof, enhance body armour fluid bullet resistant, Humvees, and various other all-terrain vehicles employ dynamic MR shock absorbers/dampers. Magnetorheological finishing was used in the construction of the Hubble Space Telescope’s corrective lens, shock absorbers of a vehicle’s suspension are filled with magnetorheological fluid. Electrorheological fluid
High-temperature superfluidity Superfluid gyroscopes already exist but work at very low temperatures High-precision measure of gravity, navigation and maneuver devices, possible devices to emit gravitomagnetic field, frictionless mechanical devices
Metamaterials Hypothetical, experiments, diffusion Microscopes, cameras, metamaterial cloaking, cloaking devices
Metal foam Research, commercialization Space colonies, floating cities
Multi-function structures Hypothetical, experiments, some prototypes, few commercial Wide range, e.g., self health monitoring, self healing material, morphing
Nanomaterials: carbon nanotubes Hypothetical, experiments, diffusion, early uses Stronger, lighter materials, space elevator Potential applications of carbon nanotubes, carbon fiber
Programmable matter Hypothetical, experiments Wide range, e.g., claytronics, synthetic biology
Quantum dots Research, experiments, prototypes, commercialized Quantum dot laser, quantum dot display, future use as programmable matter in display technologies (TV, projection), optical data communications (high-speed data transmission), medicine (laser scalpel)
Silicene Hypothetical, research
Superalloy Research, diffusion Aircraft jet engines
Synthetic diamond Research, commercialization Electronics
Time crystals Research experiments Quantum computers with stable qubits
Translucent concrete Commercialization Construction of skyscrapers, towers, and sculptures like Europe Gate
Hypereutectic alloy Research, commercialization Metals Hypereutectic piston
Super-plastic alloy Research, commercialization Metals Superplasticity


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Drone display In use Artistic uses, advertising Swarm robotics
Flexible display Research, In use Displays over curved surfaces, Electronic scrolls, Wearable technology Electronic Paper
3D displays, Volumetric display Research, Working prototypes, commercialization Television, computer interfaces, cinemas, 3-dimensional imagery Autostereoscopic display, stereoscopic display, volumetric display, Holographic display, Light Field display, Nintendo 3DS, Swept-volume display
Laser video displays first commercial Laser TV in 2008, Mitsubishi LaserVue TV Displays with very wide colour gamut Laser TV, Comparison of display technology
Holography (holographic display, computer-generated holography) Diffusion
Optical transistor Some prototypes
Screenless display (Virtual retinal display, Bionic contact lens, Augmented reality, virtual reality) Hypothetical, experiments Augmented reality could allow the user to reference the blue prints like in a construction yard, in a 3D manner; Delivers the user constant up to date information on the stock market, the user’s corporation, and meeting statuses, visual disabilities Head-mounted display, Head-up display, adaptive optics, EyeTap, Google Glass, Microsoft HoloLens, AR cloud


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Biometrics Diffusion
Digital scent technology Diffusion Smell-O-Vision, iSmell
Electronic nose Research, commercialization Detecting spoiled food, chemical weapons and cancer
E-textiles Research, diffusion
Flexible electronics Commercialization, research, development, some prototypes Flexible and folding electronic devices (such as smartphones), Flexible solar cells which are lightweight, can be rolled up for launch, and are easily deployable Nokia Morph, Flexible organic light-emitting diode
Memristor Working prototype Smaller, faster, lower power consuming storage, analogue electronics, programmable logic, signal processing, neural networks, control systems, reconfigurable computing, brain-computer interfaces and RFID, pattern recognition
Molecular electronics Research and development
Nanoelectromechanical systems Research and development
Solid-state transformer In development, some prototypes
Spintronics Working prototypes Data storage, computing devices MRAM
Thermal copper pillar bump Working prototypes in discrete devices Electric circuit cooling; micro-fluidic actuators; small-device thermoelectric power generation Ultra high definition holographic disc, Metal–insulator transition
Three-dimensional integrated circuit In development, commercialised Memory and data processing
Twistronics In development


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Airborne wind turbine Research Producing electricity KiteGen
Americium battery Estimated of working battery in 5–10 years from 2019.
Artificial photosynthesis Research, experiments growing interest in a macroscience global project Improve natural photosynthesis, so roads buildings and vehicles convert sunlight and water into hydrogen and carbon dioxide into carbohydrates Sustainocene, Renewable energy, Nanotechnology
Concentrated solar power Growing markets in California, Spain, Northern Africa Producing electricity DESERTEC, BrightSource Energy, Solar Millennium
Cryogenic treatment Subsea and deep water oil and gas exploration; wind and fossil fuel electric power generation, nuclear power Oil and gas blowout preventers (BOP), jet engines, power turbines, locomotives, electric vehicles, gears and bearings
Electric double-layer capacitor Diffusion, continued development Regenerative braking; energy storage: generally faster charging, longer lasting, more flexible, greener
Energy harvesting Experiments Constant energy source for mobile, wearable and ubiquitous devices Humavox
Flywheel energy storage Some commercial examples
Fusion power Research, experiments Producing electricity, heat, fusion torch recycling with waste heat ITER, NIF, Wendelstein 7-X, Magnetic confinement fusion, Dense plasma focus, Muon-catalyzed fusion
Generation IV reactor Research, experiments Producing electricity, heat, transmutation of nuclear waste stockpiles from traditional reactors
Gravity battery Small-scale examples
Grid energy storage Increasing use
Home fuel cell Research, commercialisation Off-the-grid, producing electricity Autonomous building, Bloom Energy Server
Hypercapacitor Research
Lithium-air battery Research, experiments Laptops, mobile phones, long-range electric cars; storing energy for electric grid
Lithium iron phosphate battery Commercialization
Lithium–sulfur battery Research and development
Magnesium battery Early commercialization
Magnonics Research Data storage
Molten salt reactor Research, experiments Producing electricity, heat
Nanowire battery Experiments, prototypes Laptops, mobile phones, long-range electric cars; storing energy for electric grid
Nantenna Research Producing electricity
Ocean thermal energy conversion Prototype
Solid-state battery Niche uses Hybrid cars
Smart grid Research, diffusion Smart meter, SuperSmart Grid
Space-based solar power Hypothetical
Thorium fuel cycle Research started in the 1960s, still ongoing Producing electricity, heat
Vortex engine Power generation.
Wireless energy transfer Prototypes, diffusion, short range consumer products Wirelessly powered equipment: laptop, cell phones, electric cars, etc. WiTricity, resonant inductive coupling
Zero-energy building Expansion All homes Passive house


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Computer-generated imagery Developing Films, photos Deepfake, StyleGAN, DeepDream
Immersive virtual reality Hypothetical, limited commercialization An artificial environment where the user feels just as immersed as they usually feel in consensus reality. Virtusphere, 3rd Space Vest, haptic suit, immersive technology, simulated reality, holodeck (fictional)
Ultra-high-definition television Commercialized

IT and communications

Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
5G cellular communications Diffusion Mobile phones, Tablets
6G cellular communications Conceptual Mobile phones
Ambient intelligence Hypothetical
Artificial brain Research Treatment of neurological disease, artificial intelligence Blue Brain Project, Human Brain Project
Artificial general intelligence Hypothetical, experiments; Creating intelligent devices and robots; AI can counsel (or even take charge) in scientific projects, government, army, corporate governance, film and books creation, inventions etc. Progress in artificial intelligence, technological singularity, applications of artificial intelligence
Atomtronics Hypothetical
Augmented reality Diffusion Google Glass, Windows Mixed Reality, Microsoft HoloLens, Mixed reality, Smartglasses, Pokémon Go
Blockchain or distributed ledger technology Diffusion Eliminating or lowering transaction costs; distributed, open and transparent record keeping; non-hierarchical networked systems; cryptography Bitcoin, Digital currency, Cryptocurrency, e-democracy
Carbon nanotube field-effect transistor Research and development Extending Moore’s law
Civic technology Research and development, projects Smart cities, more responsive government Civic technology, Smart city, e-democracy, open data, intelligent environment
Cryptocurrency Diffusion Money supply, World reserve currency Bitcoin, Digital currency
DNA digital data storage Experiments Mass data storage
Exascale computing Projects
Gesture recognition Diffusion
Internet of Things Diffusion
Emerging memory technologies In development T-RAM, memristor, Z-RAM, TTRAM, CBRAM, SONOS, RRAM, Racetrack memory, NRAM, Phase-change memory, FJG RAM, Millipede memory, Skyrmion, Programmable metallization cell, 3D XPoint, Ferroelectric RAM, Magnetoresistive random-access memory, nvSRAM
Emerging magnetic data storage technologies In development (HAMR, BPM); diffusion (SMR) Greatly improved storage density compared to current HDDs, can be combined SMR, HAMR, BPM, MAMR, TDMR, CPP/GMR, PMR, Hard disk drive
Fourth-generation optical discs (3D optical data storage, Holographic data storage) Research, prototyping Storing and archiving data previously erased for economic reasons Blu-ray Disc, Optical storage
General-purpose computing on graphics processing units Diffusion of non standardized methods Order of magnitude faster processing of parallelizable algorithms
Exocortex Diffusion of primitive amplifications; working prototypes of more; Hypothetical, experiments on more substantial amplification
Li-Fi Demos, requires standardization
Machine translation Diffusion Easier and cheaper cross-cultural communication
Machine vision Research, prototyping, commercialization Biometrics, controlling processes (e.g., in driverless car, automated guided vehicle), detecting events (e.g., in visual surveillance), interaction (e.g., in human-computer interaction), robot vision Computer vision, pattern recognition, digital image processing
Mobile collaboration and e-learning Development, commercialization Extends the capabilities of video conferencing for use on hand-held mobile devices in real-time over secure networks. For use in diverse industries such as manufacturing, energy, healthcare. Telework
Multimodal contactless biometric face/iris systems Deployed at various airports and federal security checkpoints Unimodal facial recognition scanners
Nanoradio Research & Development, diffusion
Navigation Doppler lidar Under development
Neuromorphic engineering Research & development
Optical computing Hypothetical, experiments; some components of integrated circuits have been developed Smaller, faster, lower power consuming computing
Quantum computing Hypothetical, experiments, commercialization Much faster computing, for some kinds of problems, chemical modeling, new materials with programmed properties, Hypothetical of high-temperature superconductivity and superfluidity
Quantum cryptography Commercialization Secure communications
Quantum radar Prototypes
Radio-frequency identification Diffusion of high cost Smartstores – RFID based self checkout (keeping track of all incoming and outgoing products), food packaging, smart shelves, smart carts. See: potential uses
Semantic Web or answer machine Research, limited use Making the web machine-readable by annotating data on the web based on its meaning Corporate Semantic Web, Semantic Web Services, Semantic Web Stack, Web 3.0
Smart speaker Commercialization Home automation, communication with people and machines Amazon Echo, Google Home, HomePod
Software-defined radio Development, commercialization Cognitive radio, Mesh networks, Software defined antenna GNU Radio, List of software-defined radios, Universal Software Radio Peripheral
Speech recognition Research, development, commercialization
Subvocal recognition Research, development, commercialization
Virtual Reality Diffusion Entertainment, education Oculus Rift, HTC Vive, PlayStation VR
X-ray communication Demonstrations 
Hybrid forensics Research, commercialization digital forensics, electronic discovery, malware detection, IT compliance


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Artificial uterus Hypothetical, research space travel, extracorporeal pregnancy, Reprogenetics, same-sex procreation
Body implants, prosthesis Trials, from animal (e.g., brain implants) to human clinical (e.g., insulin pump implant), to commercial production (e.g. pacemaker, joint replacement, cochlear implant) Brain implant, retinal implant Prosthetics, prosthetics in fiction, cyborg
Cryonics Hypothetical, research, commercialization (e.g. Cryonics Institute) Life extension
De-extinction Research, development, trials Animal husbandry, pets, zoos Recreating the woolly mammoth species
Human DNA vaccination Clinical trials
Enzybiotics Successful first trials
Genetic engineering of organisms and viruses Research, development, commercialization Creating and modifying species (mainly improving their physical and mental capabilities), bio-machines, eliminating genetic disorders (gene therapy), new materials production, healthier and cheaper food, creating drugs and vaccines, research in natural sciences, bioremediation, detecting arsenic, CO2 reducing superplant Biopunk, Genetically modified food, superhuman, human enhancement, transhumanism, gene doping, designer baby, genetic pollution
Hibernation or suspended animation Research, development, animal trials Organ transplantation, space travel, prolonged surgery, emergency care
Life extension, Strategies for Engineered Negligible Senescence Research, experiments, animal testing Increased life spans Immortality, biological immortality
Nanomedicine Research, experiments, limited use
Nanosensors Research and development
Omni Processor Research and development; some prototypes
Oncolytic virus Human trials (Talimogene laherparepvec, reolysin, JX-594), commercialisation (H101) Cancer therapy, imaging Oncolytic virus
Personalized medicine, full genome sequencing Research, experiments Personalized medical procedures, genome sequencing during drug trials Personal genomics
Phage therapy First trial uses
Plantibody clinical trials
Regenerative medicine Some laboratory trials Life extension
Robotic surgery Research, diffusion
Senolytic Under investigation
Stem cell treatments Research, experiments, phase I human trial spinal cord injury treatment (GERON), cultured cornea transplants Treatment for a wide range of diseases and injuries Stem cell, stem cell treatments, Skin cell gun
Synthetic biology, synthetic genomics Research, development, first synthetic bacteria created May 2010 Creating infinitely scalable production processes based on programmable species of bacteria and other life forms BioBrick, iGEM, synthetic genomics
Tissue engineering Research, diffusion Organ printing, Tooth regeneration
Tricorder Research and development Diagnosing medical conditions Medical tricorder
Virotherapy Research, human trials Gene therapy, cancer therapy Virotherapy, Oncolytic Virus
Vitrification or cryoprotectant Hypothetical, some experiments Organ transplantation, cryonics


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Brain-computer interface Research and commercialization Faster communication and learning and “more real” entertainment (generation of feelings and information in brain on-demand). Control emotions in the mentally ill Experience machine, Neuralink, Stent-electrode recording array
Brain-reading, Neuroinformatics Research
Electroencephalography Research, diffusion Controlling electronic devices via brain waves BrainGate
Head transplant Success in animal experiments, including 2-headed result; human surgery as early as 2019 Treat debilitating disease or horrible disfigurement Brain transplant, hand transplantation, organ transplantation
Neuroprosthetics Visual prosthesis, brain implant, exocortex, retinal implant, neurograin
Sonogenetics Research; experimentation


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Caseless ammunition Field tests and some niche markets Warfare Lightweight Small Arms Technologies
Cloaking device Successful experiments cloaking small objects under some conditions Cloaking microscope tips at optical frequencies Metamaterial cloaking
Directed energy weapon Research, development, some prototypes Warfare Laser Weapon System
Electrolaser Research and development
Electromagnetic weapons Research and development Warfare Coilgun, Railgun
Electrothermal-chemical technology Research and development Tank, artillery, and close-in weapon systems
Force field Hypothetical, experiments Military and law enforcement, space travel Plasma window
Green bullet Development Environment-friendly ammunition
Hypersonic cruise missile In development Glide vehicles and cruise missiles that can go 5 times the speed of sound or more. Avangard, Kinzhal, Zircon, BrahMos-II, Prompt Global Strike, DARPA Falcon Project, DF-ZF, Boeing X-51 Waverider
Laser weapon Research and development, trials Tracking and destruction of rockets, bombs, drones etc. Advanced Tactical Laser, High Energy Liquid Laser Area Defense System
MAHEM Research, In development An alternative formed penetrator that could replace self-forging explosives with molten metal to penetrate enemy armor. Explosively pumped flux compression generator
Particle-beam weapon Hypothetical Strategic Defense Initiative
Plasma weapon Hypothetical
Precision-guided firearm Research and development Warfare EXACTO, Smart bullet
Pure fusion weapon Hypothetical
Sonic weapon Research, Development, Commercialization A weapon that can be used to either disorient, incapacitate, or kill an adversary through sound, infrasound, or ultrasound. Long Range Acoustic Device
Stealth technology Research and development Electronic countermeasures Plasma stealth, Stealth aircraft, Radar-absorbent material
Telescoped ammunition Research and development A type of ammunition that envelopes a bullet with powder charge and encases it in a cartridge.
Lightweight Small Arms Technologies Program Research and development Warfare lethal autonomous weapon


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Artificial gravity Research and development Space Travel
Asteroid mining Hypothetical, NASA has announced plans to capture and redirect an asteroid. Commerce, resource supply
Hypertelescope Hypothetical Astronomy
Starshot Research Uncrewed interstellar probes
Stasis Chamber Experimental, Research and development Interplanetary space travel, interstellar space travel, medical
Solar gravitational lens Hypothetical Deep space observation FOCAL
Inflatable space habitat Developed, prototypes built and tested Space habitats Bigelow Aerospace
Miniaturized satellite Development, early commercialization, diffusion Inexpensive satellites, constellations for low data rate communications, using formations to gather data from multiple points, in-orbit inspection of larger satellites.
Reusable rocket technology for orbital rockets Several companies, including Blue Origin and SpaceX, are developing the technologies. Expendable launch vehicles may become cost prohibitive except for national government or military missions. New Glenn, SpaceX Starship


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Android, gynoid Research, development, prototypes, diffusion, commercializing Disabled, infant and older people care, housekeeping, sex-worker, flight-attendant, model, hostess, waiter, security guard
Gastrobot Some prototypes
Molecular nanotechnology, nanorobotics Hypothetical, experiments Machines (desktop, industrial) that can make anything given the materials (e.g. Rotimatic), cheap planetary terraforming
Powered exoskeleton Research, development, prototypes, diffusion, commercializing Heavy lifting, paralysis, muscle related diseases, warfare, construction, firefighting, care for the elderly and disabled. LOPES (exoskeleton), ReWalk, Human Universal Load Carrier, fictional armor Iron Man’s armor, Future Force Warrior
Self-reconfiguring modular robot Hypothetical, experiments, early prototypes As a universal physical machine, SRCMR may change the way we make many physical structures and machines Robot, swarm robotics, autonomous research robot
Swarm robotics Hypothetical, experiments Autonomous construction, space construction Swarm intelligence, autonomous robotics, nanorobotics, particle swarm optimization, multi-agent systems, behavior-based robotics
Unmanned vehicle Research and development, diffusion, commercial Transport of goods (e.g. food), mass surveillance, eavesdropping, oceanography, commercial aerial livestock monitoring, wildfire mapping, pipeline security, home security, road patrol and anti-piracy, patrol the nation’s borders, scout property, and hunt down fugitives, oil, gas and mineral exploration and production, geophysical surveys, geomagnetic surveys, scientific research in areas too dangerous for pilots like a hurricane tornado hunter, firefighting, military operations and peacekeeping operations, search and rescue, explosives and bomb disposal, gatekeeper and checkpoint operations, urban street presence, police raids in urban settings. Unmanned aerial vehicle, AeroVironment, AeroVironment Global Observer, AeroVironment Nano Hummingbird, Unmanned combat air vehicle, ground vehicle,  space vehicle, surface vehicle, underwater vehicle, Autonomous underwater vehicle


Emerging technology Status Potential applications Related articles
Airless tire Research, development, early prototypes Safer tires Tweel
Alternative fuel vehicle Commercialization, diffusion Reducing air pollution, decreasing oil consumption thereby ensuring a high focus in renewable energy Electric vehicle, Hydrogen vehicle, Compressed air vehicle
Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit Commercialization, diffusion Reducing air pollution, decreasing oil consumption Electric vehicle
Beam-powered propulsion Hypothetical Laser propulsion
Driverless car Emerging, testing Reducing concerns of tiredness while driving and also looking outside in the car. Helpful in countries where employment of personal drivers is expensive. Waymo
Electro hydrodynamic propulsion Research, development, prototypes Better flying transportation, efficient propulsion in air Electrohydrodynamics
Flexible wings (X-53 Active Aeroelastic Wing, Adaptive Compliant Wing), fluidic flight controls Experiments, prototypes Controlling aircraft, ships Aircraft flight control system, BAE Systems Demon, fluidics
Flying car Early commercialization, prototypes More effective transportation Terrafugia Transition, Moller M400 Skycar, Urban Aeronautics X-Hawk, AeroMobil
Fusion rocket Research, development Fast interplanetary travel, with limited Interstellar applications
Hoverbike Working prototypes, early commercialization Package delivery, search and rescue
Hovertrain, Ground effect train Research, development Trains with higher speed Aérotrain, Duke Hospital PRT, Hovercraft
High Altitude Platforms Experimentation Communications
Jet pack or backpack helicopter Early commercialization, prototypes More effective transportation
Maglev train, Vactrain Research, early commercialization Trains with higher speed Transrapid, Shanghai Maglev Train, Linimo
Magnetic levitation Research, development, Commercialization (Maglev Train) High temperature superconductivity, cryogenics, low temperature refrigerators, superconducting magnet design and construction, fiber reinforced plastics for vehicles and structural concretes, communication and high power solid-state controls, vehicle design (aerodynamics and noise mitigation), precision manufacturing, construction and fabrication of concrete structures, maglev car, maglev based spacecraft launch Vactrain, Levicar
Mass driver Prototypes
Nuclear photonic rocket Hypothetical Interplanetary travel
Personal rapid transit Early commercialization, diffusion More effective transportation Morgantown PRT, ULTra
Photon rocket Hypothetical Local interstellar travel
Photonic laser thruster Prototypes
Physical Internet Research
Scooter-sharing system Commercialization Increased density Bird (company)
Vactrain Research, development Faster way to get somewhere ET3 Global Alliance, Hyperloop
Propellant depot Research, development enabling deep-space missions with more massive payloads, satellite life extension, ultimately lowering the cost per kg launched to space
Pulse detonation engine Testbed demos Fast interplanetary travel, with some possible interstellar travel applications
Reusable launch system Research, early commercialization Surface-to-orbit transport Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy, SpaceX Starship, New Glenn
Self-driving car Research,development, early commercialization Computer-driven vehicles,more effective transportation
Space elevator Research, development Non-rocket spacelaunch, Orbital ring, Sky hook, Space fountain
Spaceplane Research, development Hypersonic transport A2, Skylon
Supersonic transport Commercialization, diffusion Airliner with higher speed Concorde, Tupolev Tu-144
Vehicular communication systems Research and development, some diffusion Vehicle safety obstacle inform others warnings on entering intersections, traffic management, accommodating ambulances, fire trucks, and police cars to a specific situation such as hot pursuits and bad weather, driver assistance systems, automated highways. Artificial Passenger, Dedicated short-range communications, Intelligent transportation system

Source: PinterPandai, Wikipedia

Photo credit: Pixabay

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