Science Studies | Branches and Explanations

Science studies

Science Studies and Explanations

Science studies are an interdisciplinary field of research which aims to elucidate (make clear) the concrete functioning of science and


its articulation with the rest of society by relying on sociology as well as on philosophy, economics, anthropology, history or other disciplines of the humanities and social sciences.

Unveiling the Wonders: Science Studies and Explanations

Delving into the intricate realms of our universe, ‘Unveiling the Wonders: Science Studies and Explanations’ embarks on a journey through the boundless landscapes of human curiosity and understanding.

The Ever-Evolving Tapestry of Understanding

Science, the torchbearer of human understanding, relentlessly unravels the mysteries that envelope our reality. Its systematic exploration, marked by observation, experimentation, and analysis, forms the bedrock upon which our comprehension of the world stands. Within this dynamic realm, explanations are not stagnant truths but ever-evolving narratives, adapting to new evidence and deeper insights.

From Cosmic Ballets to Quantum Quirks

Spanning the vastness of the cosmos to the infinitesimal realms of quantum mechanics, science studies and explanations encompass a diverse array of disciplines. Astronomy gazes upon the cosmic ballet of stars and galaxies, while biology deciphers the intricate dance of life forms. Chemistry uncovers the secrets of matter, and physics dissects the fundamental laws governing the universe. Each field adds a unique thread to the grand tapestry of knowledge.

Navigating Uncertainties and Embracing Humility

The pursuit of explanations is a journey fraught with challenges and uncertainties. Paradigms shift, controversies arise, and puzzles persist, inviting us to delve deeper into the unknown. Amidst the marvels of scientific explanations, humility prevails, reminding us of the vast expanse of what remains undiscovered. The pursuit of understanding is an unending quest, a testament to our insatiable curiosity and the humility that comes with acknowledging the vastness of the unknown.

Beyond Laboratories: Impact on Daily Lives

Science studies and explanations transcend the confines of laboratories, influencing technology, medicine, and our comprehension of the natural world. They empower us to confront challenges like climate change, harness the power of genetics, and explore the depths of our origins. Their impact permeates our daily lives, shaping the world in which we live and inviting us to engage with the complexities that surround us.

Example of Science Studies

Embarking on an odyssey through the spectrum of human inquiry, ‘From A to Z: Science Studies Unveiled’ illuminates the multifaceted tapestry of scientific exploration, offering a comprehensive glimpse into the diverse realms of our ever-evolving understanding.


Acanthochronology – study of cactus spines grown in time ordered sequence
Acarology – study of mites and ticks
Accountancy – measurement, processing, analyzing, reporting and communication of financial information about economic entity and activities
Aceology – science of remedies, or of therapeutics; iamatology.
Acology – study of medical remedies
Acoustics – science of sound
Actinobiology – synonymous with radiobiology
Adenology – study of glands
Aedoeology – science of generative organs
Aerobiology – study of airborne organisms
Aerodonetics – science or study of gliding
Aerodynamics – dynamics of gases; science of movement in a flow of air or gas
Aerolithology – study of aerolites; meteorites
Aeropalynology – study of pollens and spores in atmosphere
Aerology – study of the atmosphere
Aeronautics – study of navigation through air or space
Aerostatics – science of air pressure; art of ballooning
Agnoiology – study of ignorance
Agonistics – art and theory of prize-fighting
Agriology – comparative study of primitive peoples
Agrobiology – study of plant nutrition; soil yields
Agroecology – study of ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems
Agrogeology – study of agrominerals
Agrology – study of agricultural soils
Agronomics – study of productivity of land
Agrostology – science or study of grasses
Alethiology – study of truth
Algedonics – science of pleasure and pain
Algology – study of algae or the study of pain
Anaesthesiology – study of anaesthetics
Anatomy – study of the structure of the body
Andragogy – theory and practice of education of adults
Andrology – study of men’s physiology
Anemology – study of wind
Angiology – study of blood flow and lymphatic system
Anthropobiology – study of human biology
Anthropology – study of human cultures
Anthrozoology – study of human-animal interaction
Apiology – study of bees
Aquatic ecology – study of aquatic environment
Arachnology – study of arachnids
Archaeology – study of human material remains
Archelogy – study of first principles[1]
Archology – science of the origins of government
Areology – study of Mars
Aretaics – science of virtue
Aristology – science or art of dining
Aromachology – study of smell and odor
Arthrology – study of joints
Arthropodology – study of arthropods like insects and arachnids
Astacology – science of crayfish
Astheniology – study of diseases of weakening and aging
Astrobotany – study of plants in space
Astrobiology – study of extraterrestrial life
Astrodynamics – study of motion of rockets and spacecraft
Astrogeology – study of extraterrestrial geology
Astronomy – study of celestial bodies and phenomena
Astrophysics – study of behaviour of interstellar matter
Astroseismology – study of star oscillations
Atmology – the science of aqueous vapor
Audiology – study of hearing
Autecology – study of ecology of one species
Autology – scientific study of oneself
Auxology – science of growth
Avionics – science of electronic devices for aircraft
Axiology – science of the ultimate nature of value


Bacteriology – study of bacteria
Balneology – science of the therapeutic use of baths
Barodynamics – science of the support and mechanics of bridges
Barology – study of gravitational force
Bathymetry – study of underwater depth of ocean floors or lake floors
Batology – the study of brambles
Bibliology – study of books
Bibliotics – study of documents to determine authenticity
Bioecology – study of interaction of life in the environment
Biology – study of life
Biochemistry – study of chemical processes within and relating to living organism
Biomechanics – study of the structure, function and motion of the mechanical aspects of biological systems
Biometrics – study of biological measurement for security purposes
Bionomics – study of organisms interacting in their environments
Biophysics – study of physics of biological phenomena
Biopsychology – application of the science of biology to the study of psychology
Biotribology – study of friction, wear and lubrication of biological systems
Botany – study of plants
Bromatology – study of food
Bryology – study of mosses and liverworts


Cacogenics – study of racial degeneration
Caliology – study of bird’s nests
Calorifics – study of heat
Cambistry – science of international exchange
Campanology – study of bells
Carcinology – study of crabs and other crustaceans
Cardiology – study of the heart
Caricology – study of sedges
Carpology – study of fruit
Cartography – science of making maps and globes
Castrametation – art of designing a camp
Catacoustics – science of echoes or reflected sounds
Catallactics – science of commercial exchange
Catechectics – art of teaching by question and answer
Celestial mechanics – study of motion of objects in outer space
Cell biology – study of the different structures and functions of both eukaryote and prokaryote cells
Cetology – study of whales and dolphins
Chalcography – art of engraving on copper or brass
Chalcotriptics – art of taking rubbings from ornamental brasses
Chaology – study of chaos or chaos theory
Characterology – study of development of character
Chemistry – study of properties and behaviours of substances
Chionology – study of snow
Chirocosmetics – beautifying the hands; art of manicure
Chirography – study of handwriting or penmanship
Chirology – study of the hands
Chiropody – medical science of feet
Chorology – science of the geographic description of anything
Chrematistics – study of wealth; political economy
Chronobiology – study of biological rhythms
Chrysology – study of precious metals
Ciselure – art of chasing metal
Classical mechanics – study of motion of macroscopic objects
Climatology – study of climate
Clinology – study of aging or individual decline after maturity
Codicology – study of manuscripts
Coleopterology – study of beetles and weevils
Cometology – study of comets
Computer science – study of processes that interact with data
Conchology – study of shells
Connectomics – study of connectomes
Contact mechanics – study of the deformation of solids that touch each other
Coprology – study of feces
Cosmetology – study of cosmetics
Cosmochemistry – study of the chemical composition of matter in the universe and the processes that led to those compositions
Cosmology – study of the universe
Craniology – study of the skull
Criminology – study of crime; criminals
Cryobiology – study of life under cold conditions
Cryptology – study of codes
Cryptozoology – study of animals for whose existence there is no conclusive proof
Ctetology – study of the inheritance of acquired characteristics
Cyclonology – study of tropical cyclones, e.g. hurricanes
Cynology – scientific study of dogs
Cytology – study of living cells


Dactyliology – study of rings
Dactylography – study of fingerprints
Dactylology – study of sign language
Deltiology – collection and study of picture postcards
Demography – study of population
Demology – study of human behaviour
Dendrochronology – study of tree rings
Dendrology – study of trees
Deontology – theory or study of moral obligation
Dermatoglyphics – study of skin patterns and fingerprints
Dermatology – study of skin
Desmology – study of ligaments
Diabology – study of devils
Diagraphics – art of making diagrams or drawings
Dialectology – study of dialects
Dietetics – study of prevention of health conditions and diseases through human nutrition and regulation of diet
Dioptrics – study of light refraction
Diplomatics – science of deciphering ancient writings and texts
Diplomatology – study of diplomats
Docimology – art of assaying
Dosiology – study of doses
Dynamics – study of forces and their effects on motion
Dysgenics – study of racial degeneration


Ecclesiology – study of church affairs
Eccrinology – study of excretion
Ecology – study of environment
Economics – study of material wealth (production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services)
Edaphology – study of soils
Egyptology – study of ancient Egypt
Eidology – study of mental imagery[2]
Ekistics – study of human settlement
Electrochemistry – study of relations between electricity and chemicals
Electrodynamics – study of the effects arising from the interactions of electric currents with magnets, with other currents, or with themselves
Electrology – study of electricity
Electrostatics – study of static electricity
Electromagnetism – study of electromagnetic force
Embryology – study of embryos
Emetology – study of vomiting
Emmenology – study of menstruation
Endemiology – study of local diseases
Endocrinology – study of glands
Energetics (disambiguation) – study of energy under transformation within various fields
Engineering Studies – study of engineering
Enigmatology – study of enigmas (puzzles)
Entomology – study of insects
Entozoology – study of parasites that live inside larger organisms
Enzymology – study of enzymes
Ephebiatrics – branch of medicine dealing with adolescence
Epidemiology – study of diseases; epidemics
Epileptology – study of epilepsy
Epistemology – study of grounds of knowledge
Eremology – study of deserts
Ergology – study of effects of work on humans
Ergonomics – study of people at work
Escapology – study of freeing oneself from constraints
Eschatology – study of death; final matters
Ethnobiology – study of dynamic relationships between peoples
Ethnobotany – study of a region’s plants and their practical uses through the traditional knowledge of a local culture and people
Ethnogeny – study of origins of races or ethnic groups
Ethnochoreology – study of dances and its implication in culture
Ethnology – study of cultures
Ethnomethodology – study of everyday communication and social interaction
Ethnomusicology – study of comparative musical systems
Ethology – study of natural or biological character
Ethonomics – study of economic and ethical principles of a society
Etiology – science of causes; especially of disease
Etymology – study of origins of words
Euthenics – science concerned with improving living conditions
Exobiology – study of extraterrestrial life
Exoplanetology – study of exoplanets


Felinology – study of felines
Finance – science or study of money management
Floristry – art of cultivating and selling flowers
Fluid dynamics – study of flow of fluids
Fluid mechanics – study of fluids behaviour at rest and in motion
Fluid statics – study of fluids behaviour at rest
Fluviology – study of watercourses
Folkloristics – study of folklore and fables
Forestry – study of the creation, management, use, conservation, and repair of forests and associated resources
Fracture mechanics – study of the propagation of cracks in materials
Futurology – study of future


Garbology – study of garbage
Gastroenterology – study of the digestive system
Gastronomy – study of fine dining
Gemmology – study of gems and jewels
Gender Studies – study of gender
Genealogy – study of descent of families
Genesiology – study of reproduction and heredity
Genetics – study of genes
Geochemistry – study of chemistry of the earth’s crust
Geochronology – study of measuring geological time
Geography – study of surface of the earth and its inhabitants
Geology – study of the rocks of a planet
Geomorphogeny – study of the origins of land forms
Geoponics – study of agriculture
Geotechnics – study of increasing habitability of the earth
Geratology – study of decadence and decay
Gerocomy – study of old age
Gerontology – study of the elderly; aging
Gigantology – study of giants
Glaciology – study of ice ages and glaciation
Glossology – study of language; study of the tongue
Glyptography – art of engraving on gems
Glyptology – study of gem engravings
Gnomonics – the art of measuring time using sundials
Gnosiology – study of knowledge; philosophy of knowledge
Gnotobiology – study of life in germ-free conditions
Graminology – study of grasses
Grammatology – study of systems of writing
Graphemics – study of systems of representing speech in writing
Graphology – study of handwriting
Gromatics – science of surveying
Gynaecology – study of women’s physiology
Gyrostatics – study of rotating bodies


Haemataulics – study of movement of blood through blood vessels
Hagiology – study of saints
Halieutics – study of fishing
Hamartiology – study of sin
Harmonics – study of musical acoustics
Hedonics – part of ethics or psychology dealing with pleasure
Helcology – study of ulcers
Heliology – science of the sun
Helioseismology – study of sun’s interior by observing its surface oscillations
Helminthology – study of worms
Hematology – study of blood
Hemodynamics – study of the dynamics behind blood circulation
Hepatology – study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas
Heredity – study of passing of traits from parents to offspring
Heresiology – study of heresies
Hermeology – study of Mercury
Herpetology – study of reptiles and amphibians
Hierology – science of sacred matters
Hippiatrics – study of diseases of horses
Hippology – study of horses
Histology – study of the tissues of organisms
Histopathology – study of changes in tissue due to disease
Historiography – study of writing history
Historiology – study of history
Homiletics – art of preaching
Home Economics – deals with home and economics
Hoplology – study of human combative behavior and performance
Horography – art of constructing sundials or clocks
Horology – science of time measurement
Horticulture – study of gardening
Hydrobiology – study of aquatic organisms
Hydrodynamics – study of movement in liquids
Hydrogeology – study of ground water
Hydrography – study of investigating bodies of water
Hydrokinetics – study of motion of fluids
Hydrology – study of water resources
Hydrometeorology – study of atmospheric moisture
Hydropathy – study of treating diseases with water
Hydrostatics – study of fluids behaviour at rest
Hyetology – science of rainfall
Hygiastics – science of health and hygiene
Hygienics – study of sanitation; health
Hygiology – hygienics; study of cleanliness
Hygroscopy – study of humidity
Hygrometry – science of humidity
Hymnography – study of writing hymns
Hymnology – study of hymns
Hypnology – study of sleep; study of hypnosis
Hypsography – science of measuring heights


Iamatology – study of remedies
Iatrology – treatise or text on medical topics; study of medicine
Iatromathematics – archaic practice of medicine in conjunction with astrology
Ichnography – art of drawing ground plans; a ground plan
Ichnology – science of fossilized footprints
Ichthyology – study of fish
Iconography – study of drawing symbols
Iconology – study of icons; symbols
Ideogeny – study of origins of ideas
Ideology – science of ideas; system of ideas used to justify behaviour
Idiomology – study of idiom, jargon or dialect
Idiopsychology – study of the psychology of one’s own mind
Immunogenetics – study of genetic characteristics of immunity
Immunology – study of immunity
Immunopathology – study of immunity to disease
Insectology – study of insects
Irenology – study of peace
Iridology – study of the iris; diagnosis of disease based on the iris of the eyes


Kalology – study of beauty
Karyology – study of cell nuclei
Kinematics – study of motion
Kinesics – study of gestural communication
Kinesiology – study of human movement and posture
Kinetics – study of forces producing or changing motion
Koniology – study of atmospheric pollutants and dust
Ktenology – science of putting people to death
Kymatology – study of wave motion


Labeorphily – collection and study of beer bottle labels
Larithmics – study of population statistics
Laryngology – study of larynx
Lepidopterology – study of butterflies and moths
Leprology – study of leprosy
Lexicology – study of words and their meanings
Lexigraphy – art of definition of words
Lichenology – study of lichens
Limacology – study of slugs
Limnobiology – study of freshwater ecosystems
Limnology – study of bodies of fresh water
Linguistics – study of language
Liturgiology – study of liturgical forms and church rituals
Loimology – study of plagues and epidemics
Loxodromy – study of sailing along rhumb-lines
Ludology – study of games


Macroeconomics – branch of economics dealing with the performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of the whole economy
Magirics – art of cookery
Magnanerie – art of raising silkworms
Magnetics – study of magnetism
Magnetohydrodynamics – study of electrically conducting fluids
Magnetostatics – study of magnetic fields in systems where the currents are steady
Malacology – study of molluscs
Malariology – study of malaria
Mammalogy – study of mammals
Manège – art of horsemanship
Mariology – study of the Virgin Mary
Marine Biology– study of the ocean’s ecosystem
Mastology – study of mammals
Mathematics – study of magnitude, number, and forms
Mazology – mammalogy; study of mammals
Mechanics – study of action of force on bodies
Meconology – study of or treatise concerning opium
Media studies – study of mass media
Medicine – science of diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of disease
Melissopalynology – study of honey
Melittology – study of bees
Melology – study of music; musicology
Mereology – study of part-whole relationships
Mesology – ecology
Metallogeny – study of the origin and distribution of metal deposits
Metallography – study of the structure and constitution of metals
Metallurgy – study of alloying and treating metals
Metaphysics – study of principles of nature and thought
Metapolitics – study of politics in theory or abstract
Metapsychology – study of nature of the mind
Metascience – study of science
Meteoritics – study of meteors
Meteorology – study of weather
Methodology – the study or description of methods
Methyology – study of alcohol
Metrics – study of versification
Metrology – science of weights and measures
Microanatomy – study of microscopic tissues
Microbial ecology – study of microbial environment
Microbiology – study of microscopic organisms
Microclimatology – study of local climates
Microeconomics – branch of economics that studies the behavior of individual households and firms in making decisions on the allocation of limited resources
Micrology – study or discussion of trivialities
Micropalaeontology – study of microscopic fossils
Microphytology – study of very small plant life
Microscopy – study of minute objects
Mineralogy – study of minerals
Molecular biology – study of the molecular basis of biological activity in and between cells
Molinology – study of mills and milling
Momilogy – study of mummies
Morphology (disambiguation) – study of forms and the development of structures
Muscology – study of mosses
Museology – study of museums
Musicology – study of music
Mycology – study of funguses
Myology – study of muscles
Myrmecology – study of ants
Mythology – study of myths; fables; tales


Naology – study of church or temple architecture
Nasology – study of the nose
Nautics – art of navigation
Necroplanetology – study of the destruction of planets[3]
Nematology – study of nematodes
Neonatology – study of newborn babies
Neossology – study of nestling birds
Nephology – study of clouds
Nephrology – study of the kidneys
Neurobiology – study of anatomy of the nervous system
Neuroeconomics – study of human decision making and the ability to process multiple alternatives and to choose an optimal course of action
Neurology – study of nervous system
Neuropsychology – study of relation between brain and behaviour
Neurypnology – study of hypnotism
Neutrosophy – study of the origin and nature of philosophical neutralities
Nomology – the science of the laws; especially of the mind
Noology – science of the intellect
Nosology – study of diseases
Nostology – study of senility
Notaphily – study and collecting of bank-notes and cheques
Numerology – pseudoscientific study of numbers
Numismatics – study of coins
Nymphology – study of nymphs
Nanotechnology – study of nanite


Obstetrics – study of midwifery
Oceanography – study of oceans
Oceanology – study of oceans
Odontology – study of teeth
Odonatology– study of dragonflies and damselflies
Oenology – study of wines
Oikology – science of housekeeping
Olfactology – study of the sense of smell
Ombrology – study of rain
Oncology – study of tumours
Oneirology – study of dreams
Onomasiology – study of nomenclature
Onomastics – study of proper names
Ontology – science of pure being; the nature of things
Oology – study of eggs
Ophiology – study of snakes
Ophthalmology – study of eye diseases
Optics – study of light
Optology – study of sight
Optometry – science of examining the eyes
Orchidology – study of orchids
Ornithology – study of birds
Organology (biology) – study of form, structure, development, and functions of plant or animal organs
Organology (musicology) – study of musical instruments in relation to history, culture, construction, acoustic properties and classification
Orology – study of mountains
Orthoepy – study of correct pronunciation
Orthography – study of spelling
Orthopterology – study of cockroaches
Oryctology – mineralogy or paleontology
Osmics – scientific study of smells
Osmology – study of smells and olfactory processes
Osphresiology – study of the sense of smell
Osteology – study of bones
Otology – study of the ear
Otorhinolaryngology – study of ear, nose and throat


Paedology – study of children
Paidonosology – study of children’s diseases; pediatrics
Palaeoanthropology – study of early humans
Palaeobiology – study of fossil plants and animals
Palaeoclimatology – study of ancient climates
Palaeoichthyology – study of ancient fish
Palaeolimnology – study of ancient lakes
Palaeontology – study of fossils
Palaeopedology – study of early soils
Paleobotany – study of ancient plants
Paleo-osteology – study of ancient bones
Palynology – study of pollen
Papyrology – study of paper
Paradoxology – study of paradoxes
Parapsychology – study of unexplained mental phenomena
Parasitology – study of parasites
Paroemiology – study of proverbs
Parthenology – study of virgins
Pataphysics – science of imaginary solutions
Pathology – study of disease
Patrology – study of early Christianity
Pedagogics – study of teaching
Pedology – study of soils
Pelology – study of mud
Penology – study of crime and punishment
Periodontics – study of gums
Peristerophily – pigeon-collecting
Pestology – science of pests
Petrology – study of rocks
Pharmacognosy – study of drugs of animal and plant origin
Pharmacology – study of drugs
Pharology – study of lighthouses
Pharyngology – study of the throat
Phenology – study of organisms as affected by climate
Phenomenology – study of phenomena
Philematology – act or study of kissing
Phillumeny – collecting of matchbox labels
Philology – study of ancient texts; historical linguistics
Philosophy – science of knowledge or wisdom
Phoniatrics – study and correction of speech defects
Phonology – study of speech sounds
Photobiology – study of effects of light on organisms
Photonics – study of photons
Phraseology – study of phrases
Phrenology – study of bumps on the head
Phycology – study of algae and seaweeds
Physics – study of properties of matter, force and energy
Physiology – study of processes of life
Phytology – study of plants; botany
Piscatology – study of fishes
Pisteology – science or study of faith
Planetology – study of planets
Plutology – political economy; study of wealth
Pneumatics – study of mechanics of gases
Podiatry – study and treatment of disorders of the foot; chiropody
Podology – study of the feet
Polemology – study of war
Pomology – study of fruit-growing
Pogonology – study of beards
Posology – science of quantity or dosage
Potamology – study of rivers
Praxeology – study of practical or efficient activity; science of efficient action
Primatology – study of primates
Proctology – study of rectum, anus, and colon
Prosody – study of versification
Protistology – study of protists
Proxemics – study of man’s need for personal space
Psalligraphy – art of paper-cutting to make pictures
Psephology – study of election results and voting trends
Pseudology – art or science of lying
Pseudoptics – study of optical illusions
Psychobiology – study of biology of the mind
Psychogenetics – study of internal or mental states
Psychognosy – study of mentality, personality or character
Psychology – study of mind
Psychopathology – study of mental illness
Psychophysics – study of link between mental and physical processes
Pteridology – study of ferns
Pterylology – study of distribution of feathers on birds
Punnology – study of puns[4]
Pyretology – study of fevers
Pyrgology – study of towers
Pyroballogy – study of artillery
Pyrography – study of woodburning
Pyrotechnics – study of combustion through fire or explosions


Quinology – study of quinine.
Quantum Mechanics – a fundamental theory in physics which describes nature at the smallest scales of energy levels of atoms and subatomic particles.
Queer theory – study of issues related to sexual orientation and gender identity.


Raciology – study of racial differences
Radiobiology – study of the scientific principles, mechanisms, and effects of the interaction of ionizing radiation with living matter
Radiochemistry – study of ordinary chemical reactions under radioactive circumstances
Radiology – study of X-rays and their medical applications
Reflexology – study of reflexes
Rheology – science of the deformation or flow of matter
Rheumatology – study of rheumatism
Rhinology – study of the nose
Rhochrematics – science of inventory management and the movement of products
Robotics – deals with the designing, construction, and operation of robots.
Runology – study of runes


Sarcology – study of fleshy parts of the body
Satanology – study of the devil
Scatology – study of excrement or obscene literature
Schematonics – art of using gesture to express tones
Sciagraphy – art of shading
Scripophily – collection of bond and share certificates
Sedimentology – study of sediment
Seismology – study of earthquakes
Selenodesy – study of the shape and features of the moon
Selenology – study of the moon
Semantics – study of meaning
Semantology – science of meanings of words
Semasiology – study of meaning; semantics
Semiology – study of signs and signals
Semiotics – study of signs and symbols
Serology – study of serums
Sexology – study of sexual behaviour
Siderology – study of iron and its alloys, including steel
Significs – science of meaning
Silvics – study of tree’s life
Sindonology – study of the shroud of Turin
Sinology – study of China
Sitology – dietetics
Sociobiology – study of biological basis of human behaviour
Sociology – study of society
Solid mechanics – study of behaviour of solid materials
Somatology – science of substances
Sophiology – science of ideas
Soteriology – study of theological salvation
Spectrology – study of ghosts
Spectroscopy – study of spectra
Speleology – study and exploration of caves
Spermology – study of seeds
Sphagnology – study of peat moss
Sphygmology – study of the pulse
Splanchnology – study of the entrails or viscera
Spongology – study of sponges
Stasiology – study of political parties
Statics – study of bodies and forces in equilibrium
Stellar Astronomy – study of stars, their origins, and their evolution.
Stemmatology – study of relationships between text
Stoichiology – science of elements of animal tissues
Stomatology – study of the mouth
Storiology – study of folk tales
Stratigraphy – study of geological layers or strata
Stratography – art of leading an army
Stylometry – studying literature by means of statistical analysis
Suicidology – study of suicide
Supramolecular chemistry – study of the chemistry of assembled molecular sub-units
Symbology – study of symbols
Symptomatology – study of symptoms of illness
Synecology – study of ecological communities
Synectics – study of processes of invention
Syntax – study of sentence structure
Syphilology – study of syphilis
Systematics – study of the diversification of living forms, both past and present
Systematology – study of systems


Taxidermy – art of curing and stuffing animals
Taxonomy – study of plant, animals and microorganisms classification
Tectonics – science of structure of objects, buildings and landforms
Tegestology – study and collecting of beer mats
Teleology – study of final causes; analysis in terms of purpose
Telmatology – study of swamps
Tempestology – study of tropical cyclones, e.g. hurricanes
Teratology – study of birth defects and later abnormalities in living organisms
Terrestrial ecology – study of terrestrial environment
Teuthology – study of cephalopods
Textology – study of the production of texts
Thalassography – science of the sea
Thanatology – study of death and its customs
Thaumatology – study of miracles
Theriatrics – veterinary medicine
Theoretical computer science – science combining computer science and mathematics
Theriogenology – study of animals’ reproductive systems
Thermodynamics – study of relation of heat to motion
Thermokinematics – study of motion of heat
Thermology – study of heat
Therology – study of wild mammals
Thremmatology – science of breeding domestic animals and plants
Threpsology – science of nutrition
Tidology – study of tides
Timbrology – study of postage stamps
Tocology – obstetrics; midwifery
Tokology – study of childbirth
Tonetics – study of pronunciation
Topography – study of the shape and features of land surfaces
Topology – study of places and their natural features
Toponymics – study of place-names
Toreutics – study of artistic work in metal
Toxicology – study of poisons
Toxophily – love of archery; archery; study of archery
Traumatology – study of wounds and their effects
Tribology – study of friction and wear between surfaces
Trichology – study of hair and its disorders
Trophology – study of nutrition
Tsiganology – study of gypsies
Turbology – study of tornadoes
Turnery – art of turning in a lathe
Typhlology – study of blindness and the blind
Typography – art of printing or using type
Typology (disambiguation) – study of types of things


Uranography – descriptive astronomy and mapping
Uranology – study of the heavens; astronomy
Urbanology – study of cities
Urenology – study of rust molds
Urology – study of urine; urinary tract


Venereology – study of venereal disease
Vexillology – study of flags
Victimology – study of victims
Vinology – scientific study of vines and winemaking
Virology – study of viruses
Vitrics – glassy materials; glassware; study of glassware
Volcanology – study of volcanoes
Vulcanology – study of volcanoes


Xylography – art of engraving on wood
Xylology – study of wood


Zenography – study of the planet Jupiter
Zooarchaeology – study of animal remains of archaeological sites
Zoochemistry – chemistry of animals
Zoogeography – study of geographic distribution of animals
Zoogeology – study of fossil animal remains
Zoology – study of animals
Zoonomy – animal physiology
Zoonosology – study of animal diseases
Zoopathology – study of animal diseases
Zoophysics – physics of animal bodies
Zoophysiology – study of physiology of animals
Zoophytology – study of plant-like animals
Zoosemiotics – study of animal communication
Zootaxy – science of classifying animals
Zootechnics – science of breeding animals
Zygology – science of joining and fastening
Zymology – science of fermentation
Zymurgy – branch of chemistry dealing with brewing and distilling
Zythology – study of beer

Physical Science Study and its Branch

Conclusion: The Unending Journey of Discovery

Science studies and explanations are the threads that weave the tapestry of human understanding. They invite us to explore the uncharted realms of knowledge, embracing the wonder of discovery while acknowledging the vastness of what lies beyond our current comprehension. The pursuit of understanding is a perpetual journey, driving us forward in our quest to unravel the enigmas that surround us.

Source: PinterPandai, Atlas Blog, Science Direct

Photo credit: KELLEPICS via Pixabay

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