Malcolm X (1925 -1965): from Malcolm Little to Malek El Shabazz

Malcolm X (1925 -1965): from Malcolm Little to Malek El Shabazz

Malcolm X (1925 -1965)

Poor Michigan child, from a modest family martyred by the Ku Klux Klan, young delinquent imprisoned for several years then icon of the liberation of blacks, Malcolm X had several names, several lives, and his angry speeches continue to provoke lively debate.

A poor child in Michigan, from a modest family that suffered violence from the Ku Klux Klan, Malcolm Little experienced misery, mourning, fear, humiliation.

After the assassination of his father and the internment in a psychiatric institution of his mother, Malcolm was caught up in the nocturnal drifts of the ghettos. Small hand of the underworld, he was sentenced to ten years in prison. During his imprisonment he converted to Islam and read eagerly.

Upon his release, he became the highly charismatic spokesperson for the Nation of Islam, a religious organization, a minority within the black community, which advocated radical separatism and slaughtered “white demons” by announcing the Apocalypse.

After his pilgrimage to Mecca and his adherence to a more orthodox Islam, Malcolm X broke with the Nation of Islam for a more politically active activism. From meetings to meetings where his verb inflamed the audience, he refined his positions.

Africa was at the heart of his thought, Africa, the land of origins, geographical space but also cultural and spiritual entity, Africa as the cement of an identity and a pride to be restored.

Malcolm X the Imprecator was not the man of compromise. His angry speeches slaughtered both white and black integrationists who fought for the Civil Rights Movement, under the aegis of Martin Luther King, his great political enemy called by him Uncle Tom.

His multiple trips brought him to meet the leaders of decolonized countries. He then inscribed his fight in the perspective of an anti-imperialist world revolution of the peoples oppressed by colonization.

He is considered to be the precursor of Pan-Africanism. His political thought, which was becoming more concrete and opening up to the world, was stopped dead by the bullets of his assassins on February 21, 1965.

Malcolm X’s daughters call for the investigation into his murder to be reopened (February 22, 2021)

A letter written by a former police officer, now deceased, accuses the New York police and the FBI of complicity in the murder of the African-American activist in 1965.

The daughters of African-American activist Malcolm X have called for the investigation into his murder to be reopened in light of new testimony implicating the New York police and the FBI. Contacted by AFP on Sunday (Feb. 21), a spokesperson for the Manhattan district attorney said “review” of the case was “in progress.”

A press briefing was presented by a letter written by a now deceased former New York police officer who accuses law enforcement, New York Police and the FBI of complicity in the murder.

Source: Reuters

Photo source: By Marion S. Trikosko / emijrp / Store norske leksikon
License: Public domain

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