King Charles III of England
Charles of Wales, hitherto known as Prince Charles, becomes King of England after the death of Queen Elizabeth II on September 8, 2022. He takes the name Charles III. Born November 14, 1948, Charles married Lady Diana in 1981, with whom he had two sons: William and Harry. He remarried in 2005 with Camilla Parker Bowles. Find in this article all the information on the new British king.
The coronation of King Charles III
The coronation of King Charles III will take place on May 6, 2023 at Westminster Abbey, London.
Eight months after the death of Queen Elizabeth II, who passed away on September 8 at the age of 96, the religious ceremony will be led as tradition dictates by the Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby. Charles III, 73, will be “anointed, blessed and consecrated” by the spiritual leader of the Church of England, of which the monarch is supreme governor.
The oldest king to accede to the throne
The coronations of British monarchs have taken place for 900 years at Westminster Abbey. Since the Norman Conquest in 1066, the ceremony has almost always been conducted by the Archbishop of Canterbury. Became queen on February 6, 1952 on the death of her father George VI, Elizabeth II was crowned 16 months later. For the first time, the ceremony had been broadcast on television and watched by 27 million Britons, for 36 million inhabitants at the time. It had lasted more than three hours, in front of 8,251 guests.
Charles is the oldest king to accede to the throne in the history of the British monarchy, after the seven decades of reign of Elizabeth II, who celebrated her platinum jubilee last June. Charles III will finally receive his royal attributes, in particular a scepter, then the crown, placed on his head by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
King Charles III puts an end to a thousand-year-old tradition
On Friday October 8, 2022, The Daily Telegraph made some revelations about the changes made by the new King Charles III. We learn in particular that the inscription on the coins will experience an unprecedented change. Indeed, following the death of the queen, coins and banknotes must be changed. But contrary to what is expected, the new king does not want his first name to be inscribed in Latin on the coins bearing his effigy.
To stick to the time, he wishes to modernize this tradition by inscribing CHARLES III DG REX FD instead of the Latin name Carolus. “The first name ‘Charles’ has been adopted on the sovereign’s coin, to emphasize that he is accessible and close to a modern audience,” a spokesman for the Royal Mint told The Daily Telegraph. A small change that could augur a completely different reign.
Charles, a cursed first name?
As indicated by the number behind his name, the new king is the third in the history of the British crown to bear the first name Charles. But the two previous ones were not very successful.
Charles I, is the only king to have been executed in the history of the monarchy in the United Kingdom. In power from 1625, he saw his reign come to an abrupt end during the Great Rebellion (1642-1651), in 1649, judged and then beheaded.
His son, Charles II, who regained the throne in 1660, also had a difficult reign. Between the plague epidemic, the Great Fire of London in 1666, and his inability to secure an heir, he also did not remain the most glorified king in history.
Faced with this heritage of the first name, the son of Elizabeth II would therefore have thought of changing his name upon his accession to the throne, as revealed by the BBC in 2005.
Why did he choose the name Charles III?
It’s a bit like the popes: they have the right to choose to be part of a continuity, explains Richard Fremder, historian. But it is also a symbol. He might as well have been called George VII, in homage to his mother and grandfather.
The choice of a name for a monarch is not obvious.
The new British sovereign preferred to keep his first name rather than take the name of George VII.
On Saturday September 10, 2022, Nama King Charles III was proclaimed. He becomes royal after more than sixty-four years as Prince of Wales. A few hours after the announcement of the queen’s death, doubt persisted about the name that the new sovereign would choose: George VII, in homage to his maternal grandfather, Charles III or another name yet? It will therefore be Charles III.
Since this decision, the commentators did not extend much on this choice. However, it raises several questions in the minds of those who know the history of the United Kingdom. By choosing to keep his first name as his reign name, the new king followed the example of his mother, born Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, who had found it natural to keep her first name, but he moved away from that of his grandfather, born Alexander, became king as George VI. Let us also remember that Edward VIII was indeed called Edward but that he was known in private under the name of David, and that his own grandfather Edward VII had Albert as his first name, but that he was more commonly called “Bertie so as not to confuse him with his father, husband of Queen Victoria.