US Territories Got From Mexican American War
Big portion of US territories got from mexican american war. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (Spanish: Tratado de Guadalupe Hidalgo) was the treaty signed on February 2, 1848, which ended the Mexican-American War.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed February 2, 1848
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (Spanish: Tratado de Guadalupe Hidalgo) was the treaty signed on February 2, 1848, which ended the Mexican-American War.
By this text, Mexico ceded an immense territory of 1.36 million km² (1.46 sqf) to the United States for the sum of US$ 15 million and was forced to settle more than US$ 3 million in claims made by American citizens against Mexico.
These unorganized territories (known as the Mexican Cession) corresponded to most of the Mexican states of Alta California and Santa Fe de Nuevo México, i.e. today’s US states of:
- Nevada and Utah (entirely).
- The northern two-thirds of Arizona.
- Parts of Colorado.
- New Mexico.
- West Texas.
Territory ceded by Mexico to the United States under treaty (in white). Hpav7, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
The treaty does not include eight islands or the crags across from California (see List of disputed territories).
Maritime dispute in the eastern region of the Gulf of Mexico, beyond 200 nautical miles between Cuba, Mexico and the United States, by superimposing the respective extents of the exclusive economic zones of Cuba, Mexico and the United States on the – beyond 200 nautical miles (the case of the western region was resolved by the treaty between Mexico and the United States on the delimitation of the continental shelf in the western region of the Gulf of Mexico, beyond 200 nautical miles, of June 9, 2000)
By this treaty, the Mexicans also recognize the incorporation of the Republic of Texas as a State of the Union while ceding to it the territories (also part of the former states of Alta California and Santa Fe de Nuevo México), which were located east of the Rio Grande and the 107th meridian which passes at the sources of the river, which the Texans had claimed since their independence (and which are therefore not part of the Mexican Cession), and which today constitute: West Texas, as well as portions of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming.
During this period, there were approximately 80,000 Mexican citizens representing 20% of the population, in the territories of California, New Mexico, Arizona and Texas.
Cover of the copy of the treaty. Governments of USA and Mexico, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Where was this treaty signed?
This treaty was signed at “Villa de Guadalupe” (today in the delegación of Gustavo A. Madero, a few kilometers north of Mexico City), was ratified by the United States Senate on March 10, 1848 and by that of Mexico May 19.
The treaty bears the following title: Treaty of peace, friendship, limits, and settlement with the Republic of Mexico.