Local Ecosystems in Bali
Popular with surfers, divers and yoga enthusiasts, known for its magnificent rice terraces, its ubiquitous Hindu culture, its white and black sand beaches, the island of Bali is one the most touristic islands in Indonesia. But local ecosystems in Bali are now a victim of its own success.
Since the 1970s, tourism activity has grown faster than the Indonesian government expected, especially in the south of the island. With the added bonus of global warming, Bali is suffering from this situation.
Waste treatment is a first pet peeve. Previously the Balinese used palm leaf packaging that they could throw anywhere because it was biodegradable. Today, with nearly 10 million plastic bags distributed in Bali every day, it is no longer possible to maintain these habits. The boom in the tourism industry adds to this problem. Today, more than half of the 10,000 cubic meters of waste produced in Bali is simply dumped along roads and rivers, at the bottom of a ravine or in an illegal dump. The lack of infrastructure dedicated to waste management leads to soil, water and air pollution dangerous to health.
Water resources and the marine ecosystem are also in danger. Global warming has shortened the rainy season, intensified rainfall, prolonged droughts, and also warmed the oceans slowly killing marine reefs. The sharp increase in demand for water to water the 4 million Balinese, and almost as many tourists, is drying up the clean resources of the North and Center of the island. Tensions between hotel owners and peasants begin to emerge.
Long-term work must be carried out to make the Balinese, but also tourists, aware of respect for the environment of Bali. Fortunately, a strong community of locals and expatriates are implementing solutions to deal with the urgency of the situation. The Green School Village goes in this direction with its construction of a place quite out of the ordinary, ecological, close to nature and made 100% in bamboo!
FAUNA AND FLORA OF BALI | Local Ecosystems in Bali
One of the particular characteristics of the Balinese fauna and flora lies in their diversities. Climate, geography of Bali, characteristic of the landscapes, always it is that one can admire in Bali marvelous animal and vegetable species. With its beautiful natural parks, Bali is a paradise where many animals such as monkeys can move freely!
THE FLORA OF BALI
The flora of Bali is characterized by its great diversity with in particular very many species of tropical plants. It is in the natural park of Bali Barat that one will be able to observe the greatest quantity of different species.
Among the varieties of trees, the most representative of Bali are the mangroves of the South, but also the coconut palms made up of a dozen different species or the spectacular bamboos. Considered a sacred tree, the Banyan is one of the most imposing trees in Bali. It is adorned by the Balinese with a checkered fabric as a sign of veneration and religious contemplation.
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Many species of trees have a utility, sometimes even an economic purpose. Bamboo, for example, with its robustness and its imposing diameter, is used in decoration, furniture or for the production of musical instruments. Lontars (borasse palms) are transformed into paper.
Plants and flowers
In Bali, the floral scents are very subtle and mix according to the plants and flowers that can be seen. Magnolias, hibiscus, jasmine, bougainvillea, so many varieties of delicately scented flowers that perfume the nostrils. One also finds in many gardens, such as those of the temples, sumptuous flowers such as orchids, lotuses or even frangipani.
Flowers are very present in the decoration especially in that of temples, in that of statues or in that of all other monuments. They are also used as offerings during religious ceremonies.
WILDLIFE IN BALI
Wildlife in Bali can be both terrestrial and aquatic. At the bends of the hiking trails you can discover macaques, buffaloes or even black pigs. The marine species, for their part, are most spectacular!
Important animal and very present in the Hindu religion, monkeys and more particularly long-tailed macaques are very numerous in Bali. Moreover, it is in the monkey forest of Ubud that their concentration is the most important. They evolve freely in the middle of trees and temples. They also populate the temple of Pura Pulaki in large numbers.
The natural parks of Bali, such as that of Bali Barat is a place of reception for species of animals said to be more “domestic”. Thus, you will be able to see buffaloes, reptiles, black pigs and roosters. The island of Bali also has about 300 different species of birds.
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Bali’s seabed is of great purity, which, in addition to coral, constitutes a rich ecosystem for many marine species. The island of Menjagan is the refuge of turtles which have now become a protected species. Manta rays for their part, evolve in the waters of Nusa Penida.
The waters are also populated by Mola Mola, moon fish or by fish with spectacular looks such as toad fish, leaf fish or even mandarin fish.
If Bali is a heavenly destination for travelers who come to discover it, it is also so for its extremely rich fauna and flora. Evolving in a privileged setting and environment, its species live freely and are even for the most part protected species. Diving enthusiasts will be able to discover beautiful fish with very special looks!
Sources: VillaCarissaBali, PinterPandai, Green School Bali
Photo credit: Pxhere (CC0 Public Domain)