Mon. Jan 30th, 2023
    English prepositions of place

    English prepositions on, in, at, of, for, from , to, into, by, across, around, near, with, about, along…

    A preposition is an invariable word, which introduces, according to a certain relationship of meaning, a complement of verb, noun, adjective or adverb. There are a lot of English prepositions, and you need to know at least the main prepositions to get by in English.

    A preposition is an invariable word, which introduces, according to a certain relationship of meaning, a complement of verb, noun, adjective or adverb.

    Examples: on, in, at, of, for, from , to, into, by, across, around, near, with, about, along…

    THE PREPOSITION ON:

    meanings and examples:
    – on: The book is on the table
    – in: We are on the bus
    – to / at: He hangs the light on the wall

    THE PREPOSITION IN:

    meanings and examples:
    – in: Maria was born in London
    – in: South Africa is going to host the next World Cup in 2010

    it is also used:
    – for day games: example ==> in the morning
    – for the seasons: example ===> in the summer
    – for the months: example ====> in September

    THE PREPOSITION AT:

    meanings and examples:
    – to: Someone is knocking at the door

    it is also used:

    – for age: example ====> My friend got married at the age of 20
    – for now: example ====> I wake up at 7 o’clock
    – in the expression ‘to be good at something’ ====> I am very good at maths

    THE PREPOSITION OF

    meanings and examples:
    – from: The color of the sky is blue
    it is also used:
    – in the expression ‘That’s nice of him. ‘

    THE PREPOSITION FOR

    meanings and examples:
    – for: She buys some clothes for the children
    – during: He has gone on a trip for 2 weeks

    THE PREPOSITION FROM:

    meanings and examples:
    – from: I have just received a letter from my friend Maria

    : I am from France

    – from: From today , I’ll spend more time on reading books
    – because of: I am tired from the journey

    THE PREPOSITION TO

    meanings and examples:
    – to: I have been to Japan
    : I walk to the bus station
    : He works from dawn to sunset

    THE PREPOSITION INTO:

    meanings and examples:
    – in: He puts it into his suitcase
    – en : He uses the dictionary to translate the word into French

    THE PREPOSITION BY

    meanings and examples:
    – by: He was hit by a truck
    – near: My house would be by the sea if I could…
    – in: Some pupils go to school by bus

    THE ACROSS PREPOSITION:

    meanings and examples:
    – to the other side of
    – cross the street: She walks across the street
    – in everything: I would like to travel across America

    THE AROUND PREPOSITION:

    meanings and examples:

    – around: There is a nice garden around our house

    THE NEAR PREPOSITION:

    meanings and examples:
    – close: I live in a house near the school

    THE PREPOSITION WITH:

    meanings and examples:

    – with: I go to school with my friend
    – because of: I’m angry with your friend
    – to: The woman with blue eyes is over there

    THE PREPOSITION ABOUT:

    meanings and examples:

    – about: We talk about our holidays

    THE PREPOSITION ALONG:

    meanings and examples:

    – along: The tourists walk along the avenue

    English prepositions OTHER USES OF “IN”, “AT”, “ON”

    We use “we”…
    • To refer to the use of an electronic device:
    He is on the phone right now.
    I listen to the news on the radio.

    • With certain names, to indicate a state:
    Everything in this store is on sale.
    This girl is on fire.

    We use “in”…
    • To specify a color, shape, or size:
    This jacket comes in four different sizes.
    Do you have that shirt in blue?

    • To express an interest or belief:
    He’s interested in arts.
    You can do it, I believe in you.

    We use “at”…
    • With certain verbs, to indicate towards whom or what an action is directed:
    Look at this!
    Why are you staring at me? Are you mad at me? Stop laughing at me!

    PREPOSITIONS OF TIME IN ENGLISH

    When to use “on”
    • For specific dates and days:
    I was born on the 14th of June in 1988.
    Let’s meet on Saturday!

    When to use “in”
    • For a month, a year, a waiting time, a time of day, a season:
    The new semester will start in March.
    Lunch is in 20 minutes.

    When to use “at”
    • For a specific time or hour:
    I will meet you at 12 p.m.
    I’m reading a book at the moment.

    PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE IN ENGLISH

    When to use “on”
    • To indicate a position – something is on top of something else:
    The paper is on my desk.
    I’m on top of the world!

    • To specify a street or avenue:
    We are on 5th Avenue.
    The restaurant is on Smith Street.

    • To specify an external body part:
    She kissed me on the cheek.
    I have a tattoo on my shoulder.

    When to use “in”
    • To indicate position – someone or something is in something else:
    Brian is in the kitchen right now.
    Plates are in the cupboard.

    • To evoke a district, a city, a region, a country, a continent:
    Genia lives in England.
    Marcelo works in New York.

    • To indicate an internal part of the body:
    You’ll always be in my heart.
    In his head, everything is fine.

    When to use “at”
    • To specify a specific location:
    I will meet you at the clubhouse.
    I’m staying at my parents’ house.

    Beware of confusion:

    • For cities, countries and districts, we use in.
    • For streets and avenues, we use on.
    • For specific addresses, at is used.

    → We will therefore say:
    The school is in Covent Garden. (Piece)
    The school is on Southampton Place. (Street)
    The school is at 3 Southampton Place. (Address)

    Sources: PinterPandai, GrammarlyGrammar Book

    Photo credit: Individual images provided by Thirunavukkarasye-Raveendran (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Wikipedia Commons