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Hemorrhoids: Understanding the Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options


Hemorrhoids: Understanding the Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

Hemorrhoids: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins in the lower rectum or anus that can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding. They are a common condition affecting millions of people worldwide, with men and women equally affected. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for hemorrhoids.


The most common symptoms of hemorrhoids include:

The severity of these symptoms can vary depending on the size and location of the hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids are located inside the rectum and may not cause noticeable symptoms unless they become enlarged or prolapsed. External hemorrhoids, on the other hand, are located outside the anus and can be painful and uncomfortable.


Hemorrhoids can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

These factors can put pressure on the veins in the anus and rectum, causing them to become swollen and inflamed. Hemorrhoids can also be genetic or occur as a result of medical conditions such as liver disease or inflammatory bowel disease.

Diagram demonstrating the anatomy of both internal and external hemorrhoids. WikipedianProlific and Mikael Häggström, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Treatment of Hemorrhoids:

Treatment for hemorrhoids depends on the severity of the condition and the symptoms experienced. Mild cases of hemorrhoids can often be treated with home remedies, such as:

For more severe cases, medical treatment may be necessary. These treatments can include:

Internal hemorrhoid grades. Grade I: No prolapse, just prominent blood vessels.
Grade II: Prolapse upon bearing down, but spontaneous reduction.
Grade III: Prolapse upon bearing down requiring manual reduction.
Grade IV: Prolapse with inability to be manually reduced. Prof. Dr. A. Herold, End- und Dickdarm-Zentrum Mannheim, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

External hemorrhoids occur below the dentate (or pectinate) line. They are covered proximally by anoderm and distally by skin, both of which are sensitive to pain and temperature. Dr. K.-H. Günther, Klinikum Main Spessart, Lohr am Main, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons


To prevent hemorrhoids from developing or worsening, you can take the following steps:


Hemorrhoids are a common and often uncomfortable condition that can be treated effectively with a variety of methods. If you experience symptoms of hemorrhoids, it is important to seek medical advice to determine the best course of treatment for your condition. With proper care and prevention measures, you can reduce your risk of developing hemorrhoids and maintain good digestive health.

Diseases | List of Diseases: dermatological, cardiovascular, respiratory, cancer, eye, genetic, infectious, mental illness, rare

Information: Cleverly Smart is not a substitute for a doctor. Always consult a doctor to treat your health condition.

Sources: PinterPandai, Cleaveland ClinicBelmarra HealthAloe veraAnal itchingHarvardBaishideng Publishing Group Inc.Mayo ClinicNIDDKHealthline (coconut oil)

Photo credit: derneuemann via Pixabay

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